Labour Market Bulletin - Ontario: June 2016

The Quarterly Edition of the Labour Market Bulletin is a look back over the past three months, providing an analysis of quarterly Labour Force Survey results for the province of Ontario, including the regions of Hamilton—Niagara Peninsula, Kingston—Pembroke, Kitchener—Waterloo—Barrie, London, Muskoka—Kawarthas, Northeast, Northwest, Ottawa, Stratford—Bruce Peninsula, Toronto and Windsor—Sarnia.

Overview

Labour Force Trends - Employment grew for the fifth consecutive quarter in Ontario

  • Job gains for the quarter were seen almost entirely in part-time (+15,100) work
  • The unemployment rate edged lower to 6.7%
  • The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 dropped from 14.2% to 14.0% in the second quarter

Employment increased by 15,200 in Ontario in the second quarter of 2016. This was the fifth consecutive quarterly gain for the province, although only about half the increase of the previous quarter. A significant increase in employment in May more than offset losses in April and June. However, the gains over this three-month period came almost exclusively from part-time employment growth. Both employment and participation rates edged lower, each by 0.1 percentage point, in the second quarter of 2016 and have remained relatively unchanged over the last six quarters. For youth aged 15 to 24, the unemployment rate slipped to 14.0% from the previous quarter. Employment for Ontario’s youth saw its first quarterly increase (+11,700) in the second quarter of 2016, after several consecutive quarters of decline. This constituted a majority of the overall increase in the province, with employment for individuals aged 25 to 54 increasing by 4,800 for the quarter, and those aged 55 and over declining 1,100 for the quarter.

Nationally, employment grew by 33,200 in the second quarter of 2016. As in Ontario, small job losses in April and June sandwiched a significant surge in employment in May. The national unemployment rate decreased to 6.9% over this three-month period, the first decline since the fourth quarter of 2014. The growth nationally was driven by stronger employment levels in B.C. and Ontario, which worked to more than offset the sharp quarterly decline in Alberta.

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 287,000 in the U.S. in June 2016. This gain surprised to the upside exceeding analyst expectations of 175,000.Footnote1 Employment gains had been trending downward since October 2015 and the May 2016 figure was revised down from an already weak 38,000 to 11,000.Footnote2 The majority of the June gains driving the positive surprise came from health care, leisure/hospitality and retail trade.Footnote3 The U.S. unemployment rate rose to 4.9% in June 2016 from 4.7% a month ago. Despite the strong number, the U.S. Federal Reserve is expected to continue to hold its benchmark interest rate steady, and current expectation is of keeping the rate steady through to June 2017.Footnote4

Employment grew by 79,000 in Ontario between the second quarters of 2015 and 2016, with most of the job gains coming from full-time work (+63,900). The unemployment rate inched up while the participation rate was unchanged over this period.

Student summer employment decreased in Ontario compared to a year ago. During the summer months, Statistics Canada collects labour market data on youth aged 15 to 24 who were full-time students in March and who plan to return to school full-time in the fall semester. Student employment decreased in June 2016 to 455,300; 4,400 lower (-1.0%) than in June 2015. The unemployment rate amongst returning students in June 2016 declined to 13.8%, 4.2 percentage points lower than June 2015. The provincial student unemployment rate has fallen below the national student rate of 14.4%, an improvement from this point last year. There were less returning students in the labour force in June 2016 compared to June 2015 which could imply more students continuing their studies into the summer months or simply opting not to work.

A look at labour market conditions for Ontario’s Indigenous People

In Ontario, the Indigenous population living off-reserve accounted for 2.0% of the province’s total population in June 2016. Employment among the Indigenous population increased by 10,500 (+8.8%) between the second quarters of 2015 and 2016. The majority of the employment gains come from full-time (+8,200) positions, with a smaller, but not unsubstantial, increase in part-time work (+2,200). The unemployment rate among the Indigenous population declined 2.4 percentage points to 10.6%, while the unemployment rate amongst the non-Indigenous population edged down slightly to 6.5% over the same period. Both the participation and employment rates of the Indigenous population jumped to 62.2% and 55.6%, respectively, while both rates remained relatively unchanged for the non-Indigenous population.

The second quarter of 2016 saw positive developments for Ontario’s Indigenous People with Statistics Canada hiring staff throughout First Nations communities for census enumerations.Footnote5 Also, the start of the first phase of a $1.5M project to build eight homes on Fort William First Nation will provide employment opportunities to First Nation members.Footnote6

Ontario Quarterly Labour Force Statistics
Seasonally Adjusted
Quarterly Data
2nd Quarter 2016 1st Quarter 2016 2nd Quarter 2015 Quarterly Variation Yearly Variation
Number % Number %
Population 15 + ('000) 11,501.7 11,466.1 11,366.5 35.6 0.3 135.2 1.2
Labour Force ('000) 7,497.2 7,489.7 7,408.6 7.5 0.1 88.6 1.2
Employment ('000) 6,998.3 6,983.1 6,919.3 15.2 0.2 79.0 1.1
Full-Time ('000) 5,676.5 5,676.5 5,612.6 0.0 0.0 63.9 1.1
Part-Time ('000) 1,321.7 1,306.6 1,306.7 15.1 1.2 15.0 1.1
Unemployment ('000) 498.9 506.6 489.4 -7.7 -1.5 9.5 1.9
Unemployment Rate (%) 6.7 6.8 6.6 -0.1 - 0.1 -
Participation Rate (%) 5.2 65.3 65.2 -0.1 - 0.0 -
Employment Rate (%) 60.8 60.9 60.9 -0.1 - -0.1 -

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0087

Ontario Quarterly employment and unemployment rate
Ontario quarterly employment and unemployment rate. The data table for this graph is located below
Show data table Ontario Quarterly employment and unemployment rate
Ontario Quarterly Employment and Unemployment Rate
Unemployment rate (%) Employment ('000)
2Q2010 8.6 6,540.8
3Q2010 8.9 6,556.0
4Q2010 8.2 6,578.3
1Q2011 8.0 6,628.6
2Q2011 8.0 6,662.0
3Q2011 7.7 6,674.4
4Q2011 7.9 6,667.5
1Q2012 7.8 6,673.9
2Q2012 7.9 6,693.3
3Q2012 7.9 6,707.4
4Q2012 8.1 6,740.6
1Q2013 7.8 6,781.1
2Q2013 7.6 6,815.2
3Q2013 7.5 6,843.3
4Q2013 7.5 6,850.4
1Q2014 7.4 6,859.1
2Q2014 7.3 6,866.1
3Q2014 7.3 6,880.3
4Q2014 6.9 6,904.1
1Q2015 6.9 6,896.4
2Q2015 6.6 6,919.3
3Q2015 6.7 6,931.8
4Q2015 6.8 6,946.9
1Q2016 6.8 6,983.1
2Q2016 6.7 6,988.3

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey

Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth
Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth
Show data table Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth
Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth
Ontario (%) Canada (%)
2Q2010 1.0 0.7
3Q2010 0.2 0.2
4Q2010 0.3 0.3
1Q2011 0.8 0.5
2Q2011 0.5 0.3
3Q2011 0.2 0.4
4Q2011 –0.1 0.0
1Q2012 0.1 0.1
2Q2012 0.3 0.9
3Q2012 0.2 0.2
4Q2012 0.5 0.5
1Q2013 0.6 0.3
2Q2013 0.5 0.3
3Q2013 0.4 0.2
4Q2013 0.1 0.2
1Q2014 0.1 0.1
2Q2014 0.1 0.0
3Q2014 0.2 0.2
4Q2014 0.3 0.4
1Q2015 –0.1 0.2
2Q2015 0.3 0.2
3Q2015 0.2 0.2
4Q2015 0.2 0.2
1Q2016 0.5 0.1
2Q2016 0.2 0.2

Source :Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey

Ontario Quarterly Unemployment Rates, by Gender and Age
Seasonally Adjusted Data 2nd Quarter 2016 (%) 1st Quarter 2016 (%) 2nd Quarter 2015 (%) Quarterly Variation
(% points)
Yearly Variation
(% points)
Total 6.7 6.8 6.6 -0.1 0.1
25 years and over 5.4 5.5 5.2 -0.1 0.2
Men - 25 years and over 5.5 5.7 5.2 -0.2 0.3
Women - 25 years and over 5.3 5.3 5.1 0.0 0.2
15 to 24 years 14.0 14.2 14.7 -0.2 -0.7
Men - 15 to 24 years 16.1 15.5 16.3 0.6 -0.2
Women - 15 to 24 years 11.9 13.0 13.1 -1.1 -1.2

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0087

Ontario - Labour Market Indicators for Indigenous People
3-month moving averages
Seasonally unadjusted data
Indigenous Yearly variation
(Indigenous)
Non-Indigenous Yearly variation
(non-Indigenous)
Q2 2016 Q2 2015 Number % Q2 2016 Q2 2015 Number %
Population 15 + ('000) 232.7 223.7 9.0 4.0% 11,268.9 11,143.0 125.9 1.1%
Labour Force ('000) 144.7 136.8 7.9 5.8% 7,394.6 7,327.9 66.7 0.9%
Employment ('000) 129.4 118.9 10.5 8.8% 6,912.1 6,844.2 67.9 1.0%
  Full-Time ('000) 100.1 91.9 8.2 8.9% 5,616.9 5,567.4 49.5 0.9%
  Part-Time ('000) 29.3 27.1 2.2 8.1% 1,295.2 1,276.9 18.3 1.4%
Unemployment ('000) 15.3 17.8 -2.5 -14.0% 482.5 483.7 -1.2 -0.2%
Unemployment Rate (%) 10.6 13.0 -2.4 - 6.5 6.6 -0.1 -
Participation Rate (%) 62.2 61.1 1.1 - 65.6 65.8 -0.2 -
Employment Rate (%) 55.6 53.2 2.4 - 61.3 61.4 -0.1 -

Notes: The Labour Force Survey excludes those living on-reserve.
           Estimates are based on three-month moving averages.
           Totals may not add due to rounding.
           Totals may be different from other tables due to adjustments done to indigenous statistics in the Labour Force Survey.
Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey - ESDC custom table.

Employment by Industry

Goods-producing sector employment declines after four quarters of growth

After four quarters of gain, goods-producing sector employment declined by 15,000 in the second quarter of 2016. Manufacturing shed the most positions in the sector (-8,900) and losses were also reported in forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (-4,900) as natural resources were still affected by depressed commodity prices and economic uncertainty.

In manufacturing, Ontario’s RBC Manufacturing Purchasing Manager’s Index reading eased further in June for the fourth straight month, but still signalled expansion.Footnote7 Producer outlooks were tempered by stagnant export volumes and economic uncertainty.Footnote8 Industry news for the quarter was mixed. Postmedia Network shuttered its printing plant in London affecting 135 full- and part-time employees.Footnote9 Shifts in Bombardier’s manufacturing capacities within the province in May helped retain some positions but a net decline is expected.Footnote10 However, expansions at Cancoil Thermal Corp. in Kingston,Footnote11 Active Industrial Solutions in Tecumseh,Footnote12 and GE Canada in WellandFootnote13 are expected to generate close to 700 new jobs between them.

Production figures in the province’s key automotive sector showed a 14.6% increase in the first half of 2016 compared to a year ago. Gains were driven by light trucksFootnote14 as Fiat Chrysler Automobiles rolled out more Dodge Caravans in Windsor and Ford’s Oakville truck plant shortened its summer shutdown to boost output.Footnote15 Despite some layoff announcements at Johnson Controls Inc. in WhitbyFootnote16 and Nemak of Canada Corp. in Windsor,Footnote17 increased production in auto-related manufacturing should stimulate industry investment. Announced investments this quarter from automakers and suppliers with help from the public sector are anticipated to create 386 new jobs.Footnote18,Footnote19,Footnote20 Investments in innovation, such as General Motors’ plans to add nearly 750 software and engineering jobs,Footnote21 continue to support Ontario automakers’ move to higher value-added production.

Construction employment was up slightly (+1,700) over the quarter. Ontario building permit values were up 5.9% in May compared to a year earlier, driven by growth in the residential segment. As the summer surge in permits starts to ease, non-residential values maintained their momentum over the preceding three months, driven by industrial permits.Footnote22 New infrastructure projects in the second quarter include the Trent-Severn Waterway,Footnote23 investments in hospital infrastructure,Footnote24 and large transit investments in OttawaFootnote25 and Toronto.Footnote26 Also, the Windsor Solar industrial construction project got underway in April, creating 225 jobs.Footnote27

Year-over-year, quarterly goods sector employment grew by 12,900. The uptick was led by the construction industry (+16,300) and manufacturing (+4,500). Losses were mainly felt in forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (-8,500).

Employment growth in services-producing sector despite stalling educational services

The services-producing sector added 30,300 positions between the first and second quarters of 2016. Growth was led by the information, culture and recreation industry (+11,300) and public administration (+9,300). Employment gains were tempered by losses in the business, building and other support services industry (-11,200) and educational services (-4,800).

While uncertainty remains around the impact in Ontario of layoffs at Intel Corporation,Footnote28 other technology companies showed promising signs in the second quarter. Positive news from tech firms in the information, culture and recreation industry came from software provider Assent which continues to expand in Ottawa and will hire 100 more by the end of 2017.Footnote29 Also, Uptime Infrastructure Partners won a $322M government contract to manage and grow a data centre at Canadian Forces Base Borden over the next 25 years.Footnote30

Employment in educational services has been moderated by slowing enrollment levels and shifting demographics, despite increased high school graduation ratesFootnote31 and steady levels of undergraduate applications to provincial universities.Footnote32 Seeking to balance student teacher ratios, district boards issued layoff and redundancy notices at elementary and secondary schools across the province.Footnote33,Footnote34,Footnote35 These were partially offset by a few hiring and expansion announcements.Footnote36,Footnote37 News at the post-secondary level was more favourable in Northern Ontario as Canadore College,Footnote38 Confederation College,Footnote39 and the NORCAT centreFootnote40 benefitted from investments to upgrade their facilities. In Goderich, Fanshawe College also announced a new campus.Footnote41

Second quarter services-producing sector employment had a strong year-over-year showing, adding 66,100 positions since the second quarter of 2015. Growth was concentrated in health care and social assistance (+26,200) and professional, scientific and technical services (+24,200). Losses were felt most in trade (-17,400), educational services (-13,000) and business, building and other support services (-10,800).

Ontario Quarterly Labour Force Statistics, by Industry
Seasonally Adjusted
Data ('000)
2nd Quarter
2016
1st Quarter
2016
2nd Quarter
2015
Quarterly Variation Yearly Variation
Number % Number %
Total employed, all industries 6,998.3 6,983.1 6,919.3 15.2 0.2 79.0 1.1
Goods-producing sector 1,413.2 1,428.2 1,400.3 -15.0 -1.1 12.9 0.9
  Agriculture 79.2 83.0 76.1 -3.8 -4.6 3.1 4.1
  Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas 36.4 41.3 44.9 -4.9 -11.9 -8.5 -18.9
  Utilities 48.8 48.1 51.3 0.7 1.5 -2.5 -4.9
  Construction 499.7 498.0 483.4 1.7 0.3 16.3 3.4
  Manufacturing 749.0 757.9 744.5 -8.9 -1.2 4.5 0.6
Services-producing sector 5,585.1 5,554.8 5,519.0 30.3 0.5 66.1 1.2
  Trade 1,036.1 1,036.1 1,053.5 0.0 0.0 -17.4 -1.7
  Transportation and warehousing 328.4 328.3 318.6 0.1 0.0 9.8 3.1
  Finance, insurance, real estate and leasing 556.9 553.4 541.5 3.5 0.6 15.4 2.8
  Professional, scientific and technical services 598.5 597.0 574.3 1.5 0.3 24.2 4.2
  Business, building and other support services 323.7 334.9 334.5 -11.2 -3.3 -10.8 -3.2
  Educational services 504.7 509.5 517.7 -4.8 -0.9 -13.0 -2.5
  Health care and social assistance 833.8 828.4 807.6 5.4 0.7 26.2 3.2
  Information, culture and recreation 314.2 302.9 310.2 11.3 3.7 4.0 1.3
  Accommodation and food services 458.7 450.0 447.7 8.7 1.9 11.0 2.5
  Other services 275.9 269.4 270.8 6.5 2.4 5.1 1.9
  Public administration 354.1 344.8 342.7 9.3 2.7 11.4 3.3

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0088

Regional Analysis

Toronto’s job gains led by strong growth in full-time positions

Employment in the Toronto economic region grew by 85,200 (+2.6%) between the second quarters of 2015 and 2016 (measured on a year-over-year, seasonally unadjusted basis). The increase was mainly influenced by gains in full-time positions. Over this period, the unemployment rate fell by 0.4 percentage points to 6.8%, which was above the provincial rate.

Construction activities remained buoyant in Toronto, with a few major developments, such as the $21-M construction project underway by Cadillac Fairview Corporation Ltd. to improve its Shops at Don Mills in North YorkFootnote42 and the construction work on four hospitals in York Region.Footnote43 Several announcements were also made about new locations in the region’s retail sector. These include construction of a store by Moncler,Footnote44 and the Yorkdale Shopping Centre opening a new wing anchored by Nordstrom, Inc. along with 30 additional retailers.Footnote45

In the Northeast economic region, employment grew by 2,800 (+1.1%) mainly in part-time positions. The unemployment rate was unchanged at 7.6%, but was the highest in Ontario. This could be attributed to the increase in workforce participation in the region.

There were several positive developments in the region over this period; notably, the boost to the growing film industry due to the $100M multi-picture agreement between Sudbury-based Hideaway Pictures and the Motion Picture Corporation of America.Footnote46 In North Bay, the opening of the Grande Event Centre banquet hallFootnote47 and the construction of the 100-room Homewood Suites hotelFootnote48 helped the region’s accommodation and food services industry. However in looking ahead, the local economy will be negatively affected by Canada Bread Company Ltd. closing its bakery in August 2016.Footnote49

While poor conditions in the region’s mining sector continue to result in layoffs, more recently at the Stantec Engineering Ltd. consultancy firm,Footnote50 some relief came from expanding operations of Alamos Gold Inc. near Timmins, and St Andrew Goldfields Ltd. near Matheson.Footnote51

Employment also increased (+8,500) in the London economic region as strong gains in full-time jobs were only partially offset by part-time losses. Supporting this increase was the start of a $77M renovation and expansion at Masonville Place in London.Footnote52 Some manufacturing plants are also expanding operations with provincial support, namely North Star Windows and Doors53 and Formet Industries.Footnote54

Between the second quarters of 2015 and 2016, employment also increased in the Kingston-Pembroke and Northwest economic regions.

Although employment conditions were unchanged in the Ottawa economic region over the past year, there have been a few positive announcements which will support future employment growth in the region. Several companies in the region’s information, communication and technology (ICT) cluster will be expanding, including at Edgewater Computer Systems Inc.Footnote55 and The Hotel Communication Network Inc.Footnote56 The Fall 2016 opening of the Innovation Centre at Bayview YardsFootnote57 will also be significant for the region.

Employment losses reported in five economic regions

In the Kitchener-Waterloo Barrie economic region, employment decreased marginally by 0.1% between the second quarters of 2015 and 2016. Even though the unemployment rate edged up, the region reported the second lowest unemployment rate (5.4%) in the province.

On the region’s construction front, work started on a new football facility at the University of Guelph’s stadiumFootnote58 and on a new fire station in Tay Township.Footnote59 The region’s health sector saw some promising news with the expansion of the Headwaters Health Care Centre in Orangeville.Footnote60 The Minto Rural Health Centre, located at the Palmerston and District Hospital, also opened.Footnote61

As a result of government and private investments, several manufacturing companies will be expanding their operations, including at Grand River Foods Ltd.Footnote62 and Kromet International Inc.Footnote63 in Cambridge, as well as, Teutech Industries Inc. in GuelphFootnote64 and DECAST Ltd. in Essa Township.Footnote65 The closure by Stepan Company of its Longford Mills chemical production facility in Ramara Township will weaken some of the gains in the sector.Footnote66

Between the second quarters of 2015 and 2016, employment also declined in the Muskoka-Kawarthas, Hamilton-Niagara Peninsula, Windsor-Sarnia and Stratford-Bruce Peninsula economic regions.

Ontario Quarterly Labour Force Statistics, by Economic Region
Seasonally Unadjusted Data Employment Unemployment Rate
2nd Quarter
2016
('000)
2nd Quarter
2015
('000)
Yearly Variation
(%)
2nd Quarter
2016
(%)
2nd Quarter
2015
(%)
Yearly Variation
(% points)
Ontario 7,047.3 6,965.8 1.2 6.6 6.7 -0.1
Economic Regions
    Ottawa 692.2 692.2 0.0 7.0 6.5 0.5
    Kingston--Pembroke 212.7 206.3 3.1 6.1 7.2 -1.1
    Muskoka--Kawarthas 166.1 168.7 -1.5 6.3 9.1 -2.8
    Toronto 3,408.4 3,323.2 2.6 6.8 7.2 -0.4
    Kitchener--Waterloo--Barrie 714.6 715.1 -0.1 5.4 5.3 0.1
    Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula 718.0 723.7 -0.8 6.5 5.6 0.9
London 339.2 330.7 2.6 6.2 5.0 1.2
Windsor--Sarnia 303.7 305.7 -0.7 7.0 7.9 -0.9
Stratford--Bruce Peninsula 139.4 153.3 -9.1 4.8 4.5 0.3
Northeast 252.7 249.9 1.1 7.6 7.6 0.0
Northwest 100.2 97.1 3.2 7.2 6.4 0.8

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0122

Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth, by Economic Region Q2–2015 to Q2–2016
Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth, by Economic Region Q2-2015 to Q2-2016
Show data table Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth, by Economic Region Q2–2015 to Q2–2016
Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth, by Economic Region
Stratford—Bruce Peninsula ‐9.1
Muskoka--Kawarthas ‐1.5
Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula ‐0.8
Windsor--Sarnia ‐0.7
Kitchener--Waterloo--Barrie ‐0.1
Ottawa 0.0
Northwest 1.1
Toronto 2.6
London 2.6
Kingston--Pembroke 3.1
Northeast 3.2

Source :Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey

Remarque

Note: In preparing this document, the authors have taken care to provide clients with labour market information that is timely and accurate at the time of publication. Since labour market conditions are dynamic, some of the information presented here may have changed since this document was published. Users are encouraged to also refer to other sources for additional information on the local economy and labour market. Information contained in this document does not necessarily reflect official policies of Employment and Social Development Canada.

Prepared by: Labour Market Information (LMI) Division, Ontario
For further information, please contact the LMI team at: NC-LMI-IMT-GD@hrsdc-rhdcc.gc.ca
For information on the Labour Force Survey, please visit the Statistics Canada Web site at: www.statcan.gc.ca

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Kasperkevic, Jana. (July 8, 2016). US economy exceeds expectations to add 287,000 jobs. The Guardian. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/business/2016/jul/08/us-economy-jobs-growth-unemployment-june

Return to footnote1

Footnote 2

Trading Economics. U.S. Non-Farm Payrolls. Retrieved from: http://www.tradingeconomics.com/united-states/non-farm-payrolls

Return to footnote2

Footnote 3

Bureau of Labour Statistics. Economic News Release. Retrieved from: http://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.b.htm

Return to footnote3

Footnote 4

CME Group - FedWatch. Retrieved from: http://www.cmegroup.com/trading/interest-rates/countdown-to-fomc.html

Return to footnote4

Footnote 5

Mack, Lloyd. (April 9, 2016). Early enumeration on First Nations; Statistics Canada hiring help. Kenora Daily Miner & News. Retrieved from: http://www.kenoradailyminerandnews.com/2016/04/08/early-enumeration-on-first-nations-statistics-canada-hiring-help

Return to footnote5

Footnote 6

NNL Staff. (May 10, 2016). Fort William First Nation Housing Project Launched. Net News Ledger. Retrieved from: http://www.netnewsledger.com/2016/05/10/fort-william-first-nation-housing-project-launched/

Return to footnote6

Footnote 7

RBC. (2016, July 4). Summary of RBC Canadian Manufacturing PMI™ regional data.Retrieved from: http://www.rbc.com/newsroom/_assets-custom/pdf/20160704-pmi-rgnl.pdf

Return to footnote7

Footnote 8

RBC. (2016, July 4). RBC Canadian Manufacturing PMI. Retrieved from: http://www.rbc.com/newsroom/_assets-custom/pdf/070416-pmi-report-lite.pdf

Return to footnote8

Footnote 9

Canadian Newswire. (2016, May 31). London Free press print plant closure hurts media workers and city. Canadian Newswire. Retrieved from: http://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/london-free-press-print-plant-closure-hurts-media-workers-and-city-581428241.html

Return to footnote9

Footnote 10

Van Praet, Nicolas. (2016, May 20). Bombardier to shift production to hasten delivery of TTC streetcars. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/bombardier-to-shift-production-to-hasten-delivery-of-ttc-streetcars/article30101340/

Return to footnote10

Footnote 11

Ferguson, Elliot. (2016, May 3). Company to open new facility; could add 100 jobs. The Whig Standard. Retrieved from: http://www.thewhig.com/2016/05/03/company-to-open-new-facility-could-add-100-jobs

Return to footnote11

Footnote 12

Previl, Sean. (2016, May 18). 400 new jobs expected in Active Industrial Solutions acquisition. CBC News. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/400-new-jobs-expected-in-active-industrial-solutions-acquisition-1.3587542

Return to footnote12

Footnote 13

Niagara Falls Review Staff. (2016, June). New GE plant in Welland means 150 jobs. Niagara Falls Review. Retrieved from: http://www.niagarafallsreview.ca/2016/06/01/breaking-ge-picks-welland-for-new-plant

Return to footnote13

Footnote 14

DesRosiers Automotive Consultants Inc. (2016, June 30). DesRosiers Automotive Reports. Volume 30-Issue 12

Return to footnote14

Footnote 15

The Associated Press. (2016, June 17). Ford trimming its summer shutdown schedule at Oakville Assembly. CanadianManufacturing. Retrieved from: http://www.canadianmanufacturing.com/human-resources/ford-trimming-summer-shutdown-schedule-oakville-assembly-170374/

Return to footnote15

Footnote 16

Szekely, Reza. (2016, June 3). Johnson Controls closing Whitby plant on July 1. DurhamRegion.ca via Whitby This Week. Retrieved from: http://www.durhamregion.com/news-story/6705746-johnson-controls-closing-whitby-plant-on-july-1/

Return to footnote16

Footnote 17

Danese, Roseann. (2016, June 3). Windsor Nemak plant issues layoff notices. Windsor Star. Retrieved from: http://windsorstar.com/business/local-business/windsor-nemak-plant-issues-layoff-notices.

Return to footnote17

Footnote 18

Ministry of Innovation, Science, and Economic Development. (2016, April). Automotive Supplier innovation Progra – Projects Funded to Date. Retrieved from: http://www.ic.gc.ca/eic/site/auto-auto.nsf/eng/h_am02379.html

Return to footnote18

Footnote 19

Ministry of Economic Development and Growth. (2016, May 11). Ontario Investing Over $7.8 Million to Support Jobs in the Windsor-Essex Region. Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/medt/en/2016/05/ontario-investing-over-78-million-to-support-jobs-in-the-windsor-essex-region.html

Return to footnote19

Footnote 20

Office of the Premier. (2016, June 15). Ontario Partners with FCA Canada to Build the Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid.  Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/opo/en/2016/06/ontario-partners-with-fca-canada-to-build-the-chrysler-pacifica-hybrid----the-worlds-first-plug-in-h.html

Return to footnote20

Footnote 21

Flavelle, Dana. (2016, June 10). General Motors to create 700 jobs in Ontario. The Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/business/2016/06/10/general-motors-to-create-700-technical-jobs-in-ontario.html

Return to footnote21

Footnote 22

Statistics Canada, 026-0003 Building permits, values by activity sector, monthly (dollars x 1,000)

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Footnote 23

Parks Canada. (2016, June 26). 2016 Trent-Severn Waterway National Historic Site – Investment: $267.5 M. Government of Canada Newsroom. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do;jsessionid=4557d218306567f4eea829a7139b5a43a92b458cf435bea3de0c72f37118a883.e38RbhaLb3qNe3eKa3z0?mthd=index&crtr.page=1&nid=1090109

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Footnote 24

Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care. (2016, March 31). Ontario investing $12 Billion to Build New and Improved Hospitals. Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/mohltc/en/2016/03/ontario-investing-12-billion-to-build-new-and-improved-hospitals.html

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Footnote 25

Office of the Premier. (2016, June 3). Over $1 Billion for Light Rail Transit in Ottawa. Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/opo/en/2016/06/ontario-committing-more-than-1-billion-for-light-rail-transit-in-ottawa.html

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Footnote 26

Office of the Premier. (2016, June 20). Ontario Expanding GO Rail Service in Durham Region. Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/opo/en/2016/06/ontario-expanding-go-rail-service-in-durham-region.html

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Footnote 2731

Canadian Newswire. (2016, April 7). Samsung and Connor, Clark & Lunn Infrastructure Commence Construction on Windsor Solar, Creating Jobs and Investment in Ontario. Canadian Newswire. Retrieved from: http://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/samsung-and-connor-clark--lunn-infrastructure-commence-construction-on-windsor-solar-creating-jobs-and-investment-in-ontario-574933201.html

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Footnote 28

Intel Corporation. (2016, April 19). Intel Announces Restructuring Initiative to Accelerate Transformation. Intel Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://newsroom.intel.com/news-releases/news-release-intel-announces-restructuring/

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Footnote 29

Bagnall, James. (2016, May 4). Assent Compliance secures $20M in drive to accelerate growth. Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved from: http://ottawacitizen.com/business/local-business/assent-compliance-secures-20m-in-drive-to-accelerate-growth

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Footnote 30

Shared Services Canada. (2016, May 24). Government of Canada Modernizes Data Centre. Government of Canada Newsroom. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=tp&crtr.page=5&nid=1070869&crtr.tp1D=1

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Footnote 31

Office of the Premier. (2016, April 1). More Ontario Students Graduating High School. Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from https://news.ontario.ca/opo/en/2015/04/more-ontario-students-graduating-high-school-than-ever-before.html

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Footnote 32

Ontario Universities’ Application Centre. (2016, March 3). Undergraduate Application Statistics — March 2016. Statistics – Secondary School Stream. Retrieved from http://www.ouac.on.ca/statistics/ugrad-app-stats/uapp_mar/

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Footnote 33

Thomson, Rusty. (2016, April 6). Catholic board votes to close three schools. AM800.com. Retrieved from: http://www.am800cklw.com/News/Headlines/Catholic-board-votes-to-close-three-schools

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Footnote 34

Leitner, Richard. (2016, April 22). Declining school enrolment in Hamilton to cost another 70 teacher jobs. The Hamilton Spectator. Retrieved from: http://www.thespec.com/news-story/6510620-declining-school-enrolment-in-hamilton-to-cost-another-70-teacher-jobs/

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Footnote 35

Kovach, Joelle. (2016, April 14). Kawartha Pine Ridge District School Board issues layoff notices for 109 public high school teachers in Peterborough area over declining enrolment. The Peterborough Examiner. Retrieved from: http://www.thepeterboroughexaminer.com/2016/04/14/kawartha-pine-ridge-district-school-board-issues-layoff-noticess-for-109-public-high-school-teachers-in-peterborough-area-over-declining-enrolment

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Footnote 36

Ministry of Education. (2016, June 20). Ontario Investing $6.3 Million to Expand Local School. Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/edu/en/2016/06/ontario-investing-63-million-to-expand-local-school.html

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Footnote 37

Michaels, Lee. (2016, June 7). Public Board to Hire More Teachers. Blackburn News. Retrieved from: http://blackburnnews.com/sarnia/sarnia-news/2016/06/07/public-board-hire-teachers/

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Footnote 38

Northern Ontario Business Staff. (2016, May 2). College innovation centre expands. Northern Ontario Business. Retrieved from: http://www.northernontariobusiness.com/Industry-News/education/2016/05/College-innovation-centre-expands.aspx

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Footnote 39

Office of the Premier. (2016, April 28). Ontario Investing $3 Million in Confederation College. Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/opo/en/2016/04/ontario-investing-3-million-in-confederation-college.html

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Footnote 40

Sudbury Star Staff. (2015, March 24). Sudbury’s NORCAT hopes to create 60 new jobs. The Sudbury Star. Retrieved from: http://www.thesudburystar.com/2016/03/24/sudburys-norcat-hopes-to-create-60-new-jobs

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Footnote 41

Jackson, Peter. (2016, March 31). Fanshawe Opens in Goderich.Bayhsore Broadcasting. Retrieved from: http://www.bayshorebroadcasting.ca/news_item.php?NewsID=83348

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Footnote 42

Cadillac Fairview. (2016, May 3). Cadillac Fairview Announces $21 Million Redevelopment Investment in CF Shops at Don Mills. Cadillac Fairview. Retrieved from: https://www.cadillacfairview.com/en_CA/news/Cadillac-Fairview-Announces-21-Million-Redevelopment-Investment-in-CF-Shops-at-Don-Mills.html

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Footnote 43

York Region Staff. (2016, May 19). York Region invests $14 million in local hospitals. The Regional Municipality of York. Retrieved from: http://www.investinyork.ca/york-region-invests-14-million-local-hospitals/

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Footnote 44

Retail Insider Staff. (2016, June 13). Moncler to Open 2nd Freestanding Toronto Store. Retail Insider. Retrieved from: http://www.retail-insider.com/retail-insider/2016/6/moncler

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Footnote 45

Retail Insider staff. (2016, April 12) Yorkdale Reveals List of ‘Nordstrom Wing’ Retail Tenants. Retrieved at: http://www.retail-insider.com/retail-insider/2016/4/yorkdale-expansion

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Footnote 46

Myers, E. (2016, May 31). Multi-picture deal means steady film work for the next three years. Northern Ontario Business. https://www.sudbury.com/local-news/multi-picture-deal-means-steady-film-work-for-the-next-three-years-307480

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Footnote 47

Dawson, C. (2016, April 11). New event centre is Grande. BayToday, Retrieved from: https://www.baytoday.ca/local-news/new-event-centre-is-grande-277392

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Footnote 48

Young, G. (2016, May 31).  Oak Street development gets final OK. The Nugett. Retrieved from: http://www.nugget.ca/2016/05/31/oak-street-development-gets-final-ok

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Footnote 49

BayToday Staff. (2016, May 25). Canada Bread shutting down operations in North Bay. BayToday. Retrieved from: https://www.baytoday.ca/local-news/canada-bread-shutting-down-operations-in-north-bay-303540.

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Footnote 50

The Nugget Staff.  (2016, May 3). Stantec cuts eight workers. The Nugget. Retrieved from: http://www.nugget.ca/2016/05/03/stantec-cuts-eight-workers

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Footnote 51

TimminsToday Staff. (2016, April 21). Find out who's creating 75 new jobs. TimminsToday. Retrieved from: https://www.timminstoday.com/local-news/find-out-whos-creating-75-new-jobs-284190

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Footnote 52

Cadillac Fairview Press Release. (2016, March 29). CF Masonville place unveils $77 million investment for 2016. Cadillac Fairview Corporation. Retrieved from: https://www.cadillacfairview.com/en_CA/news/CF-Masonville-Place-unveils-77-million-investment-for-2016.html

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Footnote 53

Newsroom Ontario Staff. ( 2016, May 27). Ontario Partnering with North Star Windows and Doors in St. Thomas. Newsroom Ontario. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/medt/en/2016/05/ontario-partnering-with-north-star-windows-and-doors-in-st-thomas.html

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Footnote 54

DeBono, N. (2016, April 7). St. Thomas auto parts maker plans to add 66 more workers. The London Free Press. Retrieved from: http://www.lfpress.com/2016/04/07/st-thomas-based-formet-is-investing-23-of-its-own-money

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Footnote 55

Government of Canada. (2016, May 30). New federal support for innovative software to modernize aircraft. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=tp&crtr.page=7&nid=1075579&crtr.tp1D=1

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Footnote 56

Government of Canada Staff (2016, May 5). FedDev Ontario Supports Digital Innovation through Investment in Hotel Communication Network. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=index&crtr.page=2&nid=1061139

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Footnote 57

Shorey, Sonya. (June 15, 2016). Innovation at Bayview Yards. Bayview Yards Media Enquiries. Retrieved from: http://thebayviewyards.com/ICBY_20160615_English.pdf

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Footnote 58

Bekavac, N. (2016, May 3). Ground breaks on new football facility at University of Guelph's Alumni Stadium. Guelph Mercury Tribune. Retrieved from: http://www.guelphmercury.com/sports-story/6526019-ground-breaks-on-new-football-facility-at-university-of-guelph-s-alumni-stadium/

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Footnote 59

Midland Mirror Staff. (2016, June 26).  Tay Township breaks ground for new fire station. Midland Mirror. Retrieved from: http://www.simcoe.com/news-story/6741499-tay-township-breaks-ground-for-new-fire-station/

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Footnote 60

Gismondi, Angela. (2016, June 2). Headwaters Hospital breaks ground May 26 on major expansion. Orangeville Citizen. Retrieved from: http://citizen.on.ca/?p=6223

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Footnote 61

The Wellington Advertiser. (2016, April 29). Minto Rural Health Centre set to open on May 4. The Wellington Advertiser. Retrieved from: http://www.wellingtonadvertiser.com/comments/index.cfm?articleID=30827

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Footnote 62

Government of Canada Staff. (2016, April 29). FedDev Ontario Invests in New Product Development and Export Growth for Cambridge Food Manufacturer. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?nid=1059139&tp=1

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Footnote 63

Newsroom Ontario Staff. (2016, May 25). Ontario Partnering with Kromet International to Create Jobs in Cambridge. Newsroom Ontario. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/medt/en/2016/05/ontario-partnering-with-kromet-international-to-create-jobs-in-cambridge.html

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Footnote 64

Newsroom Ontario Staff. (2016, June 3). Ontario Partnering with Teutech Industries to Create Jobs in Guelph. Newsroom Ontario. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/medt/en/2016/06/ontario-partnering-with-teutech-industries-to-create-jobs-in-guelph.html

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Footnote 65

Rowe, B. (2016, June 14). Decast expansion in Utopia could bring dozens of new jobs. CTV News Barrie. Retrieved from: http://barrie.ctvnews.ca/decast-expansion-in-utopia-could-bring-dozens-of-new-jobs-1.2945827

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Footnote 66

Philips, A. (2016, May 25). Stepan closing in Ramara Township. Orillia Packet. Retrieved from: http://www.orilliapacket.com/2016/05/25/stepan-closing

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