Québec Sectoral Profile 2018-2020: Public Administrations

This document is the result of analyses performed using information available as at
April 5, 2018.

Key Highlights and Overview

  • Federal government: 25% of public administration jobs in Quebec are held at  that level of government, half of them located in the Outaouais region, and 28% in the Montréal census metropolitan area (CMA)
  • Provincial government: 32% of public administration jobs in Quebec; 40% of them are located in the Québec CMA and 27% in the Montréal CMA
  • Local governments: as the province has 1,133 municipalities, it is not surprising that 40% of public administration staff is found in this segment
  • Aboriginal administration: 4% of public administration jobs in Quebec

The size of public administrations varies according to the economic situation, government policies and the implementation or withdrawal of policies and programs. Over several decades in Quebec, public administration staff dynamics have roughly followed that of the population.

Changes in GDP, employment and province of Québec population*
The data table for this graph is located below

* Data are expressed as indices where the year 2007 = 100

Sources: Statistics Canada, GDP – CANSIM 379-0030, Employment – LFS, Population – 051-0001

Show data table
Changes in GDP, employment and province of Québec population*
Year GDP Employment Québec's Population
2006 98.3 97.3 99.2
2007 100.0 100.0 100.0
2008 103.3 102.2 100.8
2009 110.7 101.3 101.9
2010 114.4 102.7 103.0
2011 115.9 98.7 104.0
2012 114.8 100.9 105.1
2013 115.2 98.8 106.0
2014 115.7 99.7 106.7
2015 114.1 107.4 107.3
2016 115.6 108.2 108.2

Although the economy has recovered since the 2008-2009 recession, it was going at such a slow pace in some regions that labour markets were still struggling to improve. To deal with the situation, the Canadian government implemented measures to improve the economy, even if that meant the return of budget deficits. The amounts are significant and the areas are diverse. Implementation started already, but we expect that a more positive impact on federal employment will be seen in 2018 and 2019.

The provincial government also announced major investments in several sectors, including health and education. It also stated the desire to replenish its pool of expertise in such fields as information technology and engineering, the benefits of which will be felt mainly in paragovernmental activities (education, health) and the private sector, as well as a slight growth of employment in the provincial public administration.

Municipal administrations are facing many issues, ranging from a growing population and the ability to meet the demand for services, to devitalization and the capacity to maintain services. Taking into account population growth in general and the necessity to serve the population, slight growth is expected in this segment.

Sectoral Dynamics for Regions with Outlooks

Over the 2018–2020 period, the anticipated annual average growth rate (AAGR) is 0.3% (gain of approximately 2,500 positions) for the province of Québec.

Anticipated Dynamics in the Regions
Public administrations
Region 2018–2020
AAGR
Lanaudière 0.9%
Outaouais 0.5%
Laurentides 0.4%
Bas-Saint-Laurent 0.4%
Montérégie 0.4%
Province of Québec 0.3%
Monrtéal CMA 0.3%
Estrie 0.3%
Côte-Nord / Nord-du-Québec 0.3%
Gaspésie–Les-Îles-de-la-Madeleine 0.2%
Capitale-Nationale 0.2%
Mauricie 0.1%
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean 0.1%
Chaudière-Appalaches 0.0%
Abitibi-Témiscamingue 0.0%
Centre-du-Québec 0.0%

n/a: not applicable

Source: 2018–2020 Sectoral Outlook annual exercise, Labour Market Analysis Directorate, Service Canada –
Québec Region, April 5, 2018.

The public administration sector includes a wide variety of occupational groups. The following occupations of the sector's employees are likely to be affected by the expected labour market dynamics (according to the occupation by industry matrix):

  • 4311 Police officers (except commissioned)
  • 1241 Administrative assistants
  • 1221 Administrative officers
  • 1411 General office support workers
  • 4313 Non-commissioned ranks of the Canadian Forces
  • 1228 Employment insurance, immigration, border services and revenue officers
  • 7621 Public works and maintenance labourers
  • 1454 Survey interviewers and statistical clerks
  • 6552 Other customer and information services representatives
  • 2171 Information systems analysts and consultants
  • 1111 Financial auditors and accountants
  • 4312 Firefighters
  • 1121 Human resources professionals
  • 4422 Correctional service officers
  • 6541 Security guards and related security service occupations
  • 4212 Social and community service workers
  • 4164 Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers
  • 1311 Accounting technicians and bookkeepers
  • 4112 Lawyers and Quebec notaries
  • 5254 Program leaders and instructors in recreation, sport and fitness
  • 0414 Other managers in public administration
  • 1431 Accounting and related clerks
  • 1123 Professional occupations in advertising, marketing and public relations
  • 4168 Program officers unique to government
  • 0433 Commissioned officers of the Canadian Forces.
  • Scope, Distribution and Trends in this Sector's Industry

    Level and Share of Employment by Region
    Public administrations
      2015–2017 Average 10-year change in employment
    Employment Provincial share Regional share
      in thousands as a % as a % in thousands as a %
    Province of Quebec 240.7 100.0 5.8 24.1 11.1
    Resource Regions
    Abitibi-Témiscamingue 3.5 1.4 4.8 0.0 1.0
    Bas-Saint-Laurent 4.4 1.8 5.2 -0.2 -4.3
    Côte-Nord / Nord-du-Québec 3.0 1.2 5.6 0.1 2.3
    Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine 2.4 1.0 6.7 0.1 5.8
    Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean 5.5 2.3 4.3 -0.1 -1.2
    Intermediate Regions
    Centre-du-Québec 4.4 1.8 3.6 1.5 50.6
    Chaudière-Appalaches 11.8 4.9 5.5 1.3 12.0
    Estrie 7.0 2.9 4.6 1.3 22.0
    Mauricie 5.5 2.3 4.6 -0.9 -14.5
    Greater Montréal area
    Lanaudière 9.3 3.9 3.7 0.4 4.9
    Laurentides 14.7 6.1 4.8 2.1 17.0
    Laval 8.3 3.4 3.9 -1.8 -17.5
    Montérégie 34.6 14.4 4.4 7.1 25.8
    Montréal 35.7 14.8 3.6 2.4 7.2
    Capitals
    Capitale-Nationale 44.9 18.7 11.1 3.9 9.6
    Outaouais 45.8 19.0 22.9 7.0 18.1

    x: confidential data, fewer than 1,500 people employed in this region

    Source: Historical estimates based on Statistics Canada's Labour Force Survey

    Some Characteristics of the Industry in Québec

    Establishment distribution by region
    Establishment distribution by region. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, Establishment Counts by Economic Region,
    industry, and Employee Size Ranges, December 2015

    Show data table
    Establishment distribution by region
      Distribution
    Resource Regions 26.5%
    Intermediate Region 26.1%
    Greater Montréal Area 33.7%
    Capitals 13.7%

    Size of establishment
    Size of establishment. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, Establishment Counts by Economic Region,
    industry, and Employee Size Ranges, December 2015

    Show data table
    Size of establishment
      Distribution
    1-9 employees 36.0%
    10-49 employees 44.4%
    50-99 employees 6.8%
    100-199 employees 4.7%
    200-499 employees 4.8%
    500 employees and over 3.3%

    Self-employed jobs compared to total employment
    Self-employed jobs compared to total employment. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, CANSIM 383-0031 Labour statistics,
    based on average employment in 2014-2016

    Show data table
    Self-employed jobs compared to total employment
      Distribution
    All Industries 7.9%
    Services 8.3%
    Public administration 0.0%

    Employment distribution by region
    Employment distribution by region. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey; based on average
    employment in 2014-2016

    Show data table
    Employment distribution by region
      Distribution
    Resource Regions 7.7%
    Intermediate Region 11.5%
    Greater Montréal Area 42.6%
    Capitals 38.3%

    Employment by industry segment
    Employment by industry segment. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours;
    based on average employment in 2014-2016

    Show data table
    Employment by industry segment
      Distribution
    Municipal public administration 40.0%
    Provincial public administration 32.0%
    Federal public administration 23.9%
    Aboriginal public administration 4.0%

    Share of total employment and industry in Canada
    Share of total employment and industry in Canada. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, Survey of Employment, Payrolls and Hours;
    based on average employment in 2014-2016

    Show data table
    Share of total employment and industry in Canada
      Share in Canada
    Total Ontario 38%
    Québec 22%
    Admin. publiques Ontario 38%
    Québec 22%

    Employed labour force aged 15 years and over
    Employed labour force aged 15 years and over. The data table for this graph is located below

    Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census, special tabulation for ESDC

    Show data table
    Employed labour force aged 15 years and over
      Distribution
    15-24 years All industry 12.8%
    91 Public administration 5.9%
    25-34 years All industry 20.6%
    91 Public administration 20.0%
    35-44 years All industry 22.3%
    91 Public administration 26.6%
    45-54 years All industry 23.5%
    91 Public administration 27.9%
    55-64 years All industry 17.2%
    91 Public administration 17.5%
    65 years + All industry 3.6%
    91 Public administration 2.2%

    Employment distribution by skill type
    National Occupational Classification Distribution
    0. Management 9%
    1. Business, finance and administration 34%
    2. Natural and applied sciences and related 13%
    3. Health 1%
    4. Education, law and social, community and government services 26%
    5. Art, culture, recreation and sport 2%
    6. Sales and service 6%
    7. Trades, transport and equipment operators 8%
    8. Natural resources, agriculture and related production 1%
    9. Manufacturing and utilities 1%

    Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census, special tabulation for ESDC

    For more information

    • Job Bank (Canada) – Job Market Trends and News: Information on job, skills and local labour market trends is important for making career decisions. In addition, information on wages, labour supply, labour demand and other factors helps employers recruit, train and retain workers and make business and investment decisions.

    • North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2012: Public administrations NAICS 91

    Note

    In preparing this document, the authors have taken care to provide clients with labour market information that is timely and accurate at the time of publication. Since labour market conditions are dynamic, some of the information presented here may have changed since this document was published. Users are encouraged to also refer to other sources for additional information on the local economy and labour market. Information contained in this document does not necessarily reflect official policies of Employment and Social Development Canada.

    Prepared by: Labour Market Analysis Directorate, Service Canada, Quebec
    For further information, please contact the LMI team
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