Labour Market Bulletin - Ontario: March 2017

The Quarterly Edition of the Labour Market Bulletin is a look back over the past three months, providing an analysis of quarterly Labour Force Survey results for the province of Ontario, including the regions of Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula, Kingston–Pembroke, Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie, London, Muskoka–Kawarthas, Northeast, Northwest, Ottawa, Stratford–Bruce Peninsula, Toronto and Windsor–Sarnia.

Overview

Labour Force Trends - Employment grew for the second consecutive quarter in Ontario

  • Gains in full-time employment (+56,900) were offset by losses in part-time work (-20,500)
  • The unemployment rate held steady at 6.3%
  • The unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 rose from 13.7% to 14.8% in the first quarter

Employment increased by 36,300 in Ontario in the first quarter of 2017. This was the second consecutive quarterly gain for the province. Although gains in full-time employment were recorded across the three-month period, part-time employment recorded losses in February and March. Both employment and participation rates inched up in the first quarter of 2017. The unemployment rate for Ontario's youth aged 15 to 24 increased to 14.8% and the employment rate fell to 51.9% in the first quarter of 2017.

At the national level, employment grew by 94,900 in the first quarter of 2017, with employment gains observed across all three months. The national unemployment rate declined to 6.7% in the first quarter of 2017, the lowest level in Canada since Q4 of 2014.

In the United States, total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 98,000 in March 2017.1 This gain underperformed the market expectation of 180,000 and it was the lowest employment gain since May 2016. Employment gains averaged 178,000 for the first three months of 2017 and the unemployment rate fell to 4.5% in March, continuing a downward trend over the last two months.2 In their March Meeting, the Federal Reserve raised interest rates for the second time in three months, suggesting an optimistic outlook for U.S. economic growth.3

Employment grew by 94,600 in Ontario between the first quarters of 2016 and 2017. Employment gains were observed in both full-time and part-time work. The unemployment rate declined from 6.7 to 6.3, while the participation rate edged down slightly.

A look at labour market conditions for Ontario's Indigenous People

In the first quarter of 2017, the total population aged 15+ in Ontario was 11.6 million and the Indigenous population living off-reserve accounted for 2.1% of that, or 242,400 people. Employment among Indigenous people in Ontario was 124,100, representing an increase of +8,000 (+6.9%) from a year earlier (Q1 2016). All of the increase was in full-time (+8,800 or +10.5%) positions, partially offset by a decrease in part-time positions (-900 or -2.8%).

In Q1 2017, the unemployment rate among the Indigenous population declined -0.2 percentage points from a year earlier, to 11.8%, while the unemployment rate amongst the non-Indigenous population decreased to 6.4% (-0.5 percentage points). The participation rate of the Indigenous population increased to 58.0% (+0.6 percentage points) year-over-year, while that of the non-Indigenous population edged down slightly to 64.3%. The employment rate among Indigenous people also increased from the previous year to 51.2% (+0.6 percentage points). For the non-Indigenous population, the employment rate was 60.2%.

Ontario Quarterly Labour Force Statistics
Seasonally adjusted
Quarterly data
1st Quarter 2017 4th Quarter 2016 1st Quarter 2016 Quarterly Variation Yearly Variation
Number % Number %
Population 15 + ('000) 11,616.0 11,580.8 11,466.1 35.2 0.3 149.9 1.3
Labour force ('000) 7,553.4 7,514.3 7,484.7 39.1 0.5 68.7 0.9
Employment ('000) 7,074.5 7,038.2 6,979.9 36.3 0.5 94.6 1.4
Full-time ('000) 5,734.6 5,677.7 5,669.6 56.9 1.0 65.0 1.1
Part-time ('000) 1,339.9 1,360.4 1,310.3 -20.5 -1.5 29.6 2.3
Unemployment ('000) 478.9 476.1 504.7 2.8 0.6 -25.8 -5.1
Unemployment rate (%) 6.3 6.3 6.7 0.0 - -0.4 -
Participation rate (%) 65.0 64.9 65.3 0.1 - -0.3 -
Employment rate (%) 60.9 60.8 60.9 0.1 - 0.0 -

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0087

Ontario Quarterly Employment and Unemployment Rate
Ontario quarterly employment and unemployment rate. The data table for this graph is located below
Show data table: Ontario quarterly employment and unemployment rate
Ontario Quarterly Employment and Unemployment Rate
Unemployment Rate (%) Employment ('000)
1Q2011 8.0 6,628.6
2Q2011 8.0 6,662.0
3Q2011 7.7 6,674.4
4Q2011 7.9 6,667.5
1Q2012 7.8 6,673.9
2Q2012 7.9 6,693.3
3Q2012 7.9 6,707.4
4Q2012 8.1 6,740.6
1Q2013 7.8 6,781.1
2Q2013 7.6 6,815.2
3Q2013 7.5 6,843.3
4Q2013 7.5 6,850.4
1Q2014 7.4 6,856.4
2Q2014 7.3 6,865.4
3Q2014 7.3 6,884.5
4Q2014 6.9 6,903.1
1Q2015 6.9 6,894.1
2Q2015 6.6 6,918.2
3Q2015 6.7 6,937.6
4Q2015 6.8 6,945.1
1Q2016 6.7 6,979.9
2Q2016 6.6 6,995.7
3Q2016 6.6 6,984.9
4Q2016 6.3 7,038.2
1Q2017 6.3 7,074.5
Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth
Ontario quarterly employment growth. The data table for this graph is located below
Show data table
Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth
Ontario Canada
1Q2011 0.8% 0.5%
2Q2011 0.5% 0.3%
3Q2011 0.2% 0.4%
4Q2011 -0.1% 0.0%
1Q2012 0.1% 0.1%
2Q2012 0.3% 0.9%
3Q2012 0.2% 0.2%
4Q2012 0.5% 0.5%
1Q2013 0.6% 0.3%
2Q2013 0.5% 0.3%
3Q2013 0.4% 0.2%
4Q2013 0.1% 0.2%
1Q2014 0.1% 0.1%
2Q2014 0.1% 0.0%
3Q2014 0.3% 0.2%
4Q2014 0.3% 0.3%
1Q2015 -0.1% 0.2%
2Q2015 0.3% 0.2%
3Q2015 0.3% 0.3%
4Q2015 0.1% 0.1%
1Q2016 0.5% 0.1%
2Q2016 0.2% 0.2%
3Q2016 -0.2% 0.2%
4Q2016 0.8% 0.6%
1Q2017 0.5% 0.5%
Ontario Quarterly Unemployment Rates, by Gender and Age
Seasonally adjusted data 1st Quarter 2017
%
4th Quarter 2016
%
1st Quarter 2016
%
Quarterly Variation
(% points)
Yearly Variation
(% points)
Total 6.3 6.3 6.7 0.0 -0.4
25 years and over 4.9 5.1 5.5 -0.2 -0.6
Men - 25 years and over 4.7 5.1 5.7 -0.4 -1.0
Women - 25 years and over 5.1 5.1 5.3 0.0 -0.2
15 to 24 years 14.8 13.7 14.2 1.1 0.6
Men - 15 to 24 years 15.3 14.5 15.5 0.8 -0.2
Women - 15 to 24 years 14.2 12.9 12.9 1.3 1.3

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0087

Ontario Labour Market Indicators for Indigenous People
3-month moving averages
Seasonally unadjusted data
Indigenous Yearly variation (Indigenous) Non-Indigenous Yearly variation (non-Indigenous)
Q1 2017 Q1 2016 Number % Q1 2017 Q1 2016 Number %
Population 15 + ('000) 242.4 229.6 -12.8 -5.6 11,373.5 11,236.6 -136.9 -1.2
Labour force ('000) 140.6 131.9 -8.7 -6.6 7,314.0 7,246.4 -67.6 -0.9
Employment ('000) 124.1 116.1 -8.0 -6.9 6,842.6 6,749.7 -92.9 -1.4
Full-time ('000) 92.7 83.9 -8.8 -10.5 5,486.2 5,425.5 -60.7 -1.1
Part-time ('000) 31.4 32.3 0.9 2.8 1,356.4 1,324.2 -32.2 -2.4
Unemployment ('000) 16.5 15.8 -0.7 -4.4 471.4 496.7 25.3 5.1
Unemployment rate (%) 11.8 12.0 0.2 - 6.4 6.9 0.5 -
Participation rate (%) 58.0 57.4 -0.6 - 64.3 64.5 0.2 -
Employment rate (%) 51.2 50.6 -0.6 - 60.2 60.1 -0.1 -

Notes: The Labour Force Survey excludes those living on-reserve.

            Estimates are based on three-month moving averages.

            Totals may not add due to rounding.

            Totals may be different from other tables due to adjustments done to indigenous statistics in the Labour Force Survey.

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey - ESDC custom table.

Employment by industry

Manufacturing led employment growth in the goods-producing sector in the first quarter

Employment in the goods-producing sector grew by 5,100 (+0.4%) in the first quarter of 2017, based on seasonally-adjusted estimates. This increase was attributed to employment growth in manufacturing which was up by 13,600 or 1.8%. Employment losses were reported in nearly all other areas, notably in construction of 6,100 (-1.2%).

Along with the strong employment gain of 13,600 in manufacturing, there were also several positive developments in the period. The Canadian motor vehicle manufacturing industry, which is concentrated in Ontario, performed favourably, buoyed by stronger sales of light trucks4, 5 and large capital investments. The federal and provincial governments supported investments made by Ford Motor Company of Canada Limited6, 7 and Honda of Canada Manufacturing,8 and various parts suppliers are also expanding in the province.9, 10, 11, 12

Other indicators also point to a strengthening manufacturing sector. The Markit Canada Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index remained in expansion territory in March and rose to its highest level in nearly three-and-a-half years. The sector's performance reflected strong output, growth in new orders and in domestic demand, and rising staffing levels. In particular, Ontario experienced a sharp increase in export sales. However, the sector faces challenges, such as long supplier delivery times and high cost burdens due to the strong United States dollar and rising raw material prices.13, 14

Some layoff announcements will however temper employment growth in manufacturing.15, 16, 17 Among them, FCA Canada Inc. plans to outsource operations at its FCA Transport division in Windsor by the end of 2017. The potential loss of 295 positions should be averted through retirements and other employment offers.18

Employment in the construction sector declined by 6,100, however, activities remain buoyant. The non-residential segment attracted several multi-million investments, including in retail,19, 20, 21, 22 other commercial facilities,23, 24 and industrial buildings.25, 26 On the infrastructure front, employment in the sector also benefitted from transit-related projects.27, 28, 29, 30

In the utilities sector, the merger established between Enbridge Inc. and Spectra Energy Corp. is expected to result in some employment losses in Ontario.31, 32

On a year-over-year basis, employment in the goods-producing sector fell marginally by 800 (-0.1%). Employment gains in three sectors, particularly construction (+13,000), could not offset the losses in agriculture (-11,400) and forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas (-6,300).

Health care and social assistance led employment growth in the services-producing sector for the quarterly and yearly period

Employment increased by 31,300 or 0.6% in the services-producing sector. The main contributors were health care and social assistance (+19,800), finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (+13,300), and public administration (10,300). Employment losses were reported in five sectors, with the largest in information, culture and recreation (-8,800), and educational services (-7,300).

The health care and social assistance sector continued its growth momentum, expanding by 19,800 this quarter. Coinciding with demographic changes, health services is benefiting from news of investments in hospitals.33, 34, 35 On the social assistance side, more child-care spaces will be added in schools in different areas of Ontario.36, 37 The plan proposed in the 2017 federal budget to support up to 40,000 new subsidized child-care spaces nationally will further boost future employment in the sector.38

Finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (FIRE) sector expanded by 13,300, increasing for the second consecutive quarter. Within this sector, most recently available reports indicate an increase in earnings in banking compared to a year ago.39 Yet, technological shifts in the industry, such as the growing use of on-line banking and other digital features are contributing to longer-term plans to reduce the number of bank branches.40 News came of more imminent closures of some locations especially in the less populated areas of the province.41, 42, 43 For the real estate segment of the FIRE industry, although demand for housing remains strong in most urban areas, high home prices, tightness in the supply, and regulatory changes may be impacting sales activities in some markets.44, 45

The 4,400 employment growth in wholesale and retail trade is likely due to employment growth in the retail segment. Based on the planned expansions, retail will have an influx of new stores in the coming months including clothing, grocery, and discount retailers.46, 47, 4848 The ramping up of seasonal hiring by Lowe's Companies, Inc.49 was also good news for the sector. Despite these expansions, the prevalence of online shopping continues to weigh down on bricks-and-mortar store operations and led to some closure announcements, including BCBG Max Azria Canada Inc.50, 51

Employment declined by 8,800 in the information, culture and recreation sector. Within this industry, the evolution of digital technology continues to challenge traditional broadcast and print media operations and contributed to employment cuts by Bell Media52, 53 and Postmedia Network Canada Corp.54, 55

The accommodation and food services industry also experienced a marginal loss of 1,400. However, several restaurant chains announced expansion and recruitment plans, including Starbucks Canada,56 Freshii Inc.,57 and A&W Food Services of Canada Inc.58

Professional, scientific and technical services (PSTS) reported employment gains of 4,100. During the quarter, Ontario's technology base received good news. Ford Motor Company of Canada Ltd. announced an investment of $500M for research and development in Canada. The company will establish a new Ottawa Research and Engineering Centre, and two satellite offices in Oakville and Waterloo, creating about 300 new engineering positions.59Other significant news included the opening of the Vector Institute in Toronto which is devoted to artificial intelligence capability,60 and the launch of a software development centre in Markham by General Motors of Canada Company.61

Looking ahead, commitments made in the 2017 federal budget may support employment growth in several sectors, including PSTS. The Innovation and Skills Plan aspect of the budget is focussed on expanding growth in six key areas: advanced manufacturing, agri-food, clean technology, digital industries, health/bio-sciences, and clean resources. Also, $400M is proposed over three years for a new Venture Capital Catalyst Initiative to support the growth of eligible entrepreneurs, including start-ups.62

On a year-over-year basis, employment growth in the services-producing sector was stronger than the goods-producing sector with employment expanding by 95,500 (1.7%). The gains were also led by health care and social assistance services (+36,300 or 4.4%). Other large contributors were public administration (+26,800) and finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing (+19,200). Noteworthy losses were reported by educational services (-10,000), business, building and other support services (-6,700), and wholesale and retail trade (-5,600).

Ontario Quarterly Labour Force Statistics, by Industry
Seasonally adjusted data ('000) 1st Quarter 2017 4th Quarter 2016 1st Quarter 2016 Quarterly Variation Yearly Variation
Number % Number %
Total employed, all industries 7,074.5 7,038.2 6,979.9 36.3 0.5 94.6 1.4
Goods-producing sector 1,425.8 1,420.7 1,426.6 5.1 0.4 -0.8 -0.1
Agriculture 71.6 73.5 83.0 -1.9 -2.6 -11.4 -13.7
Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas 34.1 34.0 40.4 0.1 0.3 -6.3 -15.6
Utilities 49.7 50.4 48.2 -0.7 -1.4 1.5 3.1
Construction 510.9 517.0 497.9 -6.1 -1.2 13.0 2.6
Manufacturing 759.4 745.8 757.2 13.6 1.8 2.2 0.3
Services-producing sector 5,648.8 5,617.5 5,553.3 31.3 0.6 95.5 1.7
Trade 1,030.5 1,026.1 1,036.1 4.4 0.4 -5.6 -0.5
Transportation and warehousing 326.4 326.7 328.5 -0.3 -0.1 -2.1 -0.6
Finance, insurance, real estate and leasing 572.1 558.8 552.9 13.3 2.4 19.2 3.5
Professional, scientific and technical services 601.5 597.4 595.4 4.1 0.7 6.1 1.0
Business, building and other support services 326.8 326.7 333.5 0.1 0.0 -6.7 -2.0
Educational services 498.2 505.5 508.2 -7.3 -1.4 -10.0 -2.0
Health care and social assistance 865.0 845.2 828.7 19.8 2.3 36.3 4.4
Information, culture and recreation 314.9 323.7 304.3 -8.8 -2.7 10.6 3.5
Accommodation and food services 461.9 463.3 451.3 -1.4 -0.3 10.6 2.3
Other services 279.5 282.7 269.5 -3.2 -1.1 10.0 3.7
Public administration 371.8 361.5 345.0 10.3 2.8 26.8 7.8

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0088

Regional analysis

Eight out of eleven economic regions posted employment gains

The Muskoka–Kawarthas economic region posted an employment gain of 18,800 and the largest increase in the labour force participation rate from 52.9% to 59.0% between the first quarters of 2016 and 2017. While the manufacturing sector in the region saw a grim start to the quarter with the announcement of major layoffs by General Electric at its Peterborough plant,63 federal investments in other manufacturing areas and the addition of new industrial facilities are expected to offset some of these losses64, 65 in the coming months. The construction sector saw some gains over the quarter with new housing66, 67 and infrastructure68, 69 projects while the retail sector saw an uneven few months with the closure of the Sears store in Cobourg70 and the addition of about 42 staff at Home Depot's Peterborough location.71 Accommodation and food services, a key sector in the region, registered several gains over the quarter with the opening of multiple restaurants72, 73, 74and the addition of staff at resorts in anticipation of seasonal tourism.75

The Toronto economic region posted employment gains of 32,300 year-over-year this quarter. Despite these gains, however, the unemployment rate remained unchanged at 7.0% between 2016 and 2017 while the labour force participation rate declined marginally. The manufacturing sector in the region received a boost from federal and provincial governments funding76, 77 and the expansion of multiple manufacturing companies78, 7979 which are expected to create some jobs in the coming months. However, some of these job gains will be offset by the announced closures in coming months including Northstar Aerospace's Milton facility affecting 200 employees80 and Bacardi Canada's Brampton bottling facility affecting 51 employees.81

The construction industry continued to see gains over the first quarter with the announcement of new revitalization, redevelopment, and expansion projects. 82, 83, 84, 85, 86 Additionally, recently announced funding for new transit projects87, 88 and for repairing and/or expanding roads and bridges further bolstered the industry in the region.89, 90

The retail sector experienced both ups and downs in the first quarter. Gains were mostly observed in luxury retail, discounted brand names, and discount stores91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96 while losses tended to be focused among household and mid-tier retailers.97, 98 High-end fashion retailers saw both gains99, 100 and losses with closures announced by BCBG Max Azria,101 Holt Renfrew,102 Gerry Weber,103 and Bebe104 during the first quarter. The finance and insurance sector had a somewhat gloomy end to the first quarter with the announced elimination of up to 130 jobs by CIBC in its Toronto finance department105 as well some potential cuts in BMO's buy-side equity unit.106

The Hamilton-Niagara Peninsula continued its trend of employment gains, growing by 17,900 year-over-year. Investments in infrastructure upgrades107, 108 and other development projects109, 110, 111, 112, 113 supported employment in the region throughout the first quarter. However, the closure of Resolute Forest Product's newsprint mill in Thorold,114 layoffs at Stelco Inc. in Hamilton and Nanticoke,115 and elimination of staff positions in the City of Hamilton116 offset some of these gains.

Employment in the London economic region grew by 7,000 between the first quarters of 2016 and 2017, which is the region's largest employment gain in 8 months. This quarter witnessed significant upheaval in the region's automobile manufacturing sector with GM's announcement that it will cut 625 jobs at its assembly plant in Ingersoll. 117 However some of these losses are expected to be offset by major investments, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122 expansions, 123 and acquisitions in the regional manufacturing base such as the potential creation of 120 jobs by North Star Windows and Doors over the next couple of years.124 The construction sector in the region has also seen some major gains125, 126 with the $8 million expansion of the BMO Centre/London Optimist Sports Centre,127 construction of the On Track project in St. Thomas,128 and expansion of the Jakeman's Maple Products facility in Sweaburg. 129

The Windsor–Sarnia economic region posted a modest employment gain of 1,900 (+0.7%) year-over-year. While the manufacturing base in the region saw employment growth over March,130, 131, 132 some uncertainty was generated by Fiat Chrysler Automobile's announcement that it may close down its operations in Windsor potentially affecting about 295 positions.133 The region's construction sector experienced some job creation with the upcoming expansion of Union Gas Ltd.'s pipeline,134 $3.6 million in upgrades of multiple schools across the region,135 $2.5 million addition of a new library branch at the Optimist Community Centre,136 and $25 million retail development in Windsor.137

The Kingston–Pembroke economic region registered a strong employment gain of 17,600 (+8.9%) between the first quarters of 2016 and 2017. The construction industry in region saw substantial job creation this quarter with the construction of the Napanee Generating Station employing about 600 people,138 revitalization of Belleville's downtown,139 and multiple infrastructure projects.140, 141

Employment gains were also observed in Ottawa and Stratford–Bruce Peninsula economic regions between the first quarters of 2016 and 2017.

Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie posted the largest employment loss for the sixth straight month

The Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie economic region recorded the largest year-over-year loss with a decline of 11,600 between the first quarters of 2016 and 2017. The unemployment rate, however, remained fixed at 6% which could be attributed to the drop in labour force participation. The regional manufacturing sector suffered losses this quarter with the closure of Midland's General Mills plant in January142 and CCL Industries Inc. facility in Penetanguishene.143 However, several new investments144, 145, 146, 147, 148 in the sector provided some solace during this period. The construction industry, on the other hand, continued to see gains with new investments in expansions of several post-secondary institutions,149, 150, 151 upgrades in municipal infrastructure, 152, 153, 154, 155 and new building projects.156, 157

Employment in the Northeast economic region declined by 4,200 between the first quarters of 2016 and 2017. The region was hit hard during this quarter with Vale Canada Ltd. announcing the closure of its Stobie Mine affecting 230 workers158 adding to multiple closures and layoffs announced across a number of sectors including health care,159 utilities,160 manufacturing,161, 162 retail,163 and finance.164 However, investments and job gains in other sectors should provide some support for employment in the region going forward. 165, 166, 167, 168, 169, 170

The Northwest economic region also registered losses (-200) year-over-year. Some major losses were observed this quarter with the layoffs and/or closures announced by TD Canada Trust, CIBC,171 and Rentech Inc. 172 However, gains in other sectors particularly construction, 173, 174, 175, 176 health care,177 public transit, 178 and public administration179, 180 provided some positive news for the region over the first quarter.

Ontario Quarterly Labour Force Statistics, by Economic Region
Seasonally unadjusted data Employment Unemployment Rate
1st Quarter 2017
('000)
1st Quarter 2016
('000)
Yearly Variation
(%)
1st Quarter 2017
(%)
1st Quarter 2016
(%)
Yearly Variation
(% points)
Ontario 6,972.0 6,872.4 1.4 6.5 6.9 -0.4
Economic regions
Ottawa 698.0 680.8 2.5 5.4 7.1 -1.7
Kingston--Pembroke 216.1 198.5 8.9 5.2 7.7 -2.5
Muskoka--Kawarthas 182.2 163.4 11.5 6.3 5.6 0.7
Toronto 3,352.9 3,320.6 1.0 7.0 7.0 0.0
Kitchener--Waterloo--Barrie 697.8 709.4 -1.6 6.0 6.0 0.0
Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula 722.7 704.8 2.5 6.1 7.0 -0.9
London 333.0 326.0 2.1 5.4 6.2 -0.8
Windsor--Sarnia 290.4 288.5 0.7 6.7 7.4 -0.7
Stratford--Bruce Peninsula 145.0 142.1 2.0 6.8 6.3 0.5
Northeast 234.9 239.1 -1.8 8.2 8.1 0.1
Northwest 99.0 99.2 -0.2 6.5 7.9 -1.4

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0122

Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth, by Economic Region Q1-2016 to Q1-2017
Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth, by Economic Region Q1-2016 to Q1-2017. The data table for this graph is located below
Show data table
Ontario Quarterly Employment Growth, by Economic Region
Muskoka-Kawarthas 11.5%
Kingston-Pembroke 8.9%
Ottawa 2.5%
Hamilton-Niagara Peninsula/th> 2.5%
London 2.1%
Stratford-Bruce Peninsula 2.0%
Toronto 1.0%
Windsor-Sarnia 0.7%
Northwest -0.2%
Kitchener-Waterloo-Barrie -1.6%
Northeast -1.8%

Note

In preparing this document, the authors have taken care to provide clients with labour market information that is timely and accurate at the time of publication. Since labour market conditions are dynamic, some of the information presented here may hav

Prepared by: Labour Market Socio-Economic Information Division (LMSID), Ontario
For further information, please contact the LMI team
For information on the Labour Force Survey, please visit the Statistics Canada website.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Trading Economics. (2017, April 7). United States Non Farm Payrolls. Trading Economics. Retrieved from: http://www.tradingeconomics.com/united-states/non-farm-payrolls

Return to Footnote 1

Footnote 2

Trading Economics. (2017, April 7). United States Unemployment Rate. Trading Economics. Retrieved from: http://www.tradingeconomics.com/united-states/unemployment-rate

Return to Footnote 2

Footnote 3

Cox, Jeff. (2017, March 15). Fed raises rates at March meeting. CNBC. Retrieved from: http://www.cnbc.com/2017/03/15/fed-raises-rates-at-march-meeting.html

Return to Footnote 3

Footnote 4

Canadian Press Staff. (2017, April 4). Light trucks power March new vehicle sales to record of 187,000. PLANT Magazine. Retrieved from: http://www.plant.ca/general/166801-166801/

Return to Footnote 4

Footnote 5

DesRosiers Automotive Consultants Inc. (2017, March 15). Volume 31. Issue 5.

Return to Footnote 5

Footnote 6

Office of the Prime Minister Press Release. (2017, March 30). Prime Minister of Canada announces support to Ford of Canada to create and maintain almost 800 employments for Canadian workers. Office of the Prime Minister. Retrieved from: http://pm.gc.ca/eng/news/2017/03/30/prime-minister-canada-announces-support-ford-canada-create-and-maintain-almost-800

Return to Footnote 6

Footnote 7

CNW Group. (2017, March 30). Ford Invests C$500 Million for R&D in Canada; Doubles Connectivity Team and Opens New Research and Engineering Centre in Ottawa. Canadian Newswire. Retrieved from: http://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/ford-invests-c500-million-for-rd-in-canada-doubles-connectivity-team-and-opens-new-research-and-engineering-centre-in-ottawa-617656983.html

Return to Footnote 7

Footnote 8

Government of Canada. (2017, January 9). Government of Canada invests $41.8 million in Honda of Canada Manufacturing to maintain middle-class employments and develop clean technologies. Government of Canada Newsroom. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=index&crtr.page=4&nid=1177019

Return to Footnote 8

Footnote 9

Government of Canada Press Release. (2017, February 16). Government of Canada announces $18.2 million for automotive innovation. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/innovation-science-economic-development/news/2017/02/government_of_canadaannounces182millionforautomotiveinnovation.html

Return to Footnote 9

Footnote 10

Government of Canada Newsroom. (2017, February 14). FedDev Ontario Invests in Vaughan Aerospace Manufacturer. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/economic-development-southern-ontario/news/2017/02/feddev_ontario_investsinvaughanaerospacemanufacturer.html

Return to Footnote 10

Footnote 11

CTV News Staff. (2017, March 29). Cavalier Tool celebrates $9M investment, employments. CTV News Windsor. Retrieved from: http://windsor.ctvnews.ca/cavalier-tool-celebrates-9m-investment-employments-1.3345792

Return to Footnote 11

Footnote 12

Newsroom Ontario Staff. (2017, January 27). Ontario Investing in Manufacturing in Guelph. Newsroom Ontario. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/medg/en/2017/01/ontario-investing-in-manufacturing-in-guelph.html

Return to Footnote 12

Footnote 13

IHS Markit. (2017, April 3). Markit Canada Manufacturing PMI. IHS Markit. Retrieved from: https://www.markiteconomics.com/Survey/PressRelease.mvc/c30b62b5741e4df1ba8c72f1a73e6acf

Return to Footnote 13

Footnote 14

Trading Economics. (2017, March). Canada Manufacturing PMI. Trading Economics. Retrieved from: http://www.tradingeconomics.com/canada/manufacturing-pmi

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Footnote 15

Keenan, G. (2017, January 27). GM to cut 625 employments at Ontario plant, union says. Globe and Mail. Retrieved from: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/gm-to-cut-as-many-as-600-employments-in-southwestern-ontario-union-says/article33794522

Return to Footnote 15

Footnote 16

Torstar News Service. (2017, January 17). General Electric Peterborough laying off 150 workers. Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2017/01/17/general-electric-peterborough-laying-off-150-workers.html

Return to Footnote 16

Footnote 17

Press Release. (2017, March 10). Resolute Announces Indefinite Idling of Thorold Newsprint Mill. Resolute Forest Products. Retrieved from: fromlhttp://resolutefp.mediaroom.com/2017-03-10-Resolute-Announces-Indefinite-Idling-of-Thorold-Newsprint-Mill

Return to Footnote 17

Footnote 18

CBC News Staff. (2017, March 24). FCA to wind down transport operations in Windsor. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved rom http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/fca-to-wind-down-transport-operations-in-windsor-1.4040219

Return to Footnote 18

Footnote 19

Whitnell, T. (2017, March 29). Burlington Mall renovations coincide with site's 50th anniversary. Burlington Post. Retrieved from: http://www.insidehalton.com/news-story/7215695-burlington-mall-renovations-coincide-with-site-s-50th-anniversary/

Return to Footnote 19

Footnote 20

Cadillac Fairview Press Release. (2017, January 5). CF Masonville Place to welcome new retailers and exciting entertainment concept. Cadillac Fairview Corporation Limited. Retrieved from: https://www.cadillacfairview.com/en_CA/news/CF_Masonville_Place_to_welcome_new_retailers_and_exciting_entertainment_concept.html

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Footnote 21

CTV Windsor Staff. (2017, March 28). Multi-million dollar development going up near Devonshire Mall. CTV News Windsor. Retrieved from: http://windsor.ctvnews.ca/multi-million-dollar-development-going-up-near-devonshire-mall-1.3342934

Return to Footnote 21

Footnote 22

CNW Staff. (2017, February 21). Upper Canada Mall Announces $60 Million Redevelopment Plan for 2018. CNW Group. Retrieved from: http://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/upper-canada-mall-announces-60-million-redevelopment-plan-for-2018-614344933.html

Return to Footnote 22

Footnote 23

Daniszewski, H. (2017, January 29). A new office building is under construction that will expand the Horton Street tech corridor. London Free Press. Retrieved from: http://www.lfpress.com/2017/01/28/a-new-office-building-is-under-construction-that-will-expand-the-horton-street-tech-corridor

Return to Footnote 23

Footnote 24

Dawson, C. (2017, February 22). Twiggs expanding. Bay Today. Retrieved from: https://www.baytoday.ca/local-news/twiggs-expanding-542583

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Footnote 25

Beitz, M. (2017, February 8). Trillium Hatchery to build $20-million chick hatchery in Stratford's Wright Business Park. Stratford Beacon Herald. Retrieved from: http://www.stratfordbeaconherald.com/2017/02/07/trillium-hatchery-to-build-20-million-chick-hatchery-in-stratfords-wright-business-park

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Footnote 26

Michaels, L. (2017, March 15). New Green Biofuel Plant To Set Up Shop In St. Clair Township. Blackburn News. Retrieved from: http://blackburnnews.com/sarnia/sarnia-news/2017/03/15/new-green-biofuel-plant-set-shop-st-clair-twp

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Footnote 27

Government of Canada. (2017, January 11). Bus terminal to be built in Vaughan for York Region Transit. Government of Canada Newsroom. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=index&crtr.page=5&nid=1177999

Return to Footnote 27

Footnote 28

Spurr, B. (2017, January 23). TTC's newest subway extension taking shape. Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2017/01/23/ttcs-newest-subway-extension-taking-shape.html

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Footnote 29

Government of Canada Press Release. (2017, February 10). Governments of Canada and Ontario invest in public transit in Brampton. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=tp&crtr.page=2&nid=1187079&crtr.tp1D=1

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Footnote 30

DCN News Service. (2017, February 27). Governments fund 12 public transit projects in Kingston. Daily Commercial News. Retrieved from: http://dailycommercialnews.com/Government/News/2017/2/Governments-fund-12-public-transit-projects-in-Kingston-1021893W/

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Footnote 31

Terfloth, T. (2017, March 22). Approximately 1,000 positions cut across the chain. Chatham Daily News. Retrieved from: http://www.chathamdailynews.ca/2017/03/22/approximately-1000-positions-cut-across-the-chain

Return to Footnote 31

Footnote 32

CBC News Staff. (2017, March 22). Enbridge sheds 1,000 employments after takeover of Spectra Energy. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/enbridge-spectra-energy-layoffs-1.4036009

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Footnote 33

Simon, C. (2017, February 13). New nurses, programs included in Barrie hospital's $340-million budget. Barrie Advance. Retrieved from: http://www.simcoe.com/news-story/7138480-new-nurses-programs-included-in-barrie-hospital-s-340-million-budget/

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Footnote 34

Carson, S. (2017, February 14). Construction set to begin on RVH's cardiac centre in Barrie. Barrie Advance. Retrieved from: http://www.simcoe.com/news-story/7140247-construction-set-to-begin-on-rvh-s-cardiac-centre-in-barrie/

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Footnote 35

Panjwani, R. (2017, February 6). Urgent Care Centre at Brampton's new Peel Memorial will open Wednesday. Brampton Guardian. Retrieved from: http://www.bramptonguardian.com/community-story/7105193-urgent-care-centre-at-brampton-s-new-peel-memorial-will-open-wednesday/

Return to Footnote 35

Footnote 36

Bieman, J. (2017, February 15). Aldborough P.S. gets $3.1 million for child care centre. St. Thomas-Times Journal. Retrieved from: http://www.lfpress.com/2017/02/15/aldborough-ps-gets-31-million-for-child-care-centre

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Footnote 37

The Chronicle Journal Staff. (2017, February 20). Child-care spaces on way to schools. The Chronicle Journal. Retrieved from: http://www.chroniclejournal.com/news/local/child-care-spaces-on-way-to-schools/article_c3101300-f72f-11e6-93ec-039d11137812.html

Return to Footnote 37

Footnote 38

Budget 2017. (2017, March 22). Page 132. Department of Finance Canada. Retrieved from: http://www.budget.gc.ca/2017/docs/plan/budget-2017-en.pdf

Return to Footnote 38

Footnote 39

Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions (OSFI). Data for January 2016 and 2017. Retrieved from: http://www.osfi-bsif.gc.ca/Eng/wt-ow/Pages/FINDAT.aspx

Return to Footnote 39

Footnote 40

Globe and Mail Staff. (2017, February 1). Scotiabank targets further cost cuts from digital initiatives. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/scotiabank-targets-further-cost-cuts-from-digital-initiatives/article33874797/

Return to Footnote 40

Footnote 41

Watt, J. (2017, January 24). Scotiabank closes Wilberforce branch. Haliburton Echo. Retrieved from: http://www.haliburtonecho.ca/scotiabank-closes-wilberforce-branch?id=876

Return to Footnote 41

Footnote 42

Caton, M. (2017, February 7). Tilbury residents upset National Bank branch closing. Windsor Star. Retrieved from: http://windsorstar.com/news/local-news/tilbury-resident-upset-national-bank-branch-closing

Return to Footnote 42

Footnote 43

Atikokan Progress Staff. (2017, March 8). Despite record profits, Atikokan loses a second bank branch. Atikokan Progress. Retrieved from: http://atikokanprogress.ca/2017/03/08/despite-record-profits-atikokan-loses-a-second-bank-branch/

Return to Footnote 43

Footnote 44

CREA Report. (2017, March 15). Quarterly Forecasts. Canadian Real Estate Association (CREA). Retrieved from: http://www.crea.ca/housing-market-stats/quarterly-forecasts/

Return to Footnote 44

Footnote 45

Cornell, C. (2017, March 29). Toronto realtors frustrated by the soaring housing market. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/small-business/sb-managing/toronto-realtors-face-challenges-in-gtas-soaring-housing-market/article34429954/

Return to Footnote 45

Footnote 46

Rosella, L. (2017, January 31). Former Target locations in Brampton converting to popular 'large' stores. Brampton Guardian. Retrieved from: http://www.bramptonguardian.com/news-story/7095781-former-target-locations-in-brampton-converting-to-popular-large-stores/

Return to Footnote 46

Footnote 47

CTV News Staff. (2017, February 24). Metro Ontario announces $19M investment in Windsor stores. CTV News Windsor. Retrieved from: http://windsor.ctvnews.ca/metro-ontario-announces-19m-investment-in-windsor-stores-1.3299888

Return to Footnote 47

Footnote 48

Buckner, D. (2017, February 25). Giant Tiger and other discounters in expansion mode. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/discount-retail-boom-1.3997734

Return to Footnote 48

Footnote 49

CNW Staff. (2017, February 1). Lowe's Canada to Hire 2,800 Employees in First Half of 2017 to Support its Lowe's Banner Big Box Stores. CNW Group. Retrieved from:

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Footnote .

//www.newswire.ca/news-releases/lowes-canada-to-hire-2800-employees-in-first-half-of-2017-to-support-its-lowes-banner-big-box-stores-612406783.html

Return to Footnote .

Footnote 50

Coleman-Lochner, L. Bloomberg. (2017, March 21). Bebe to close stores, focus online: Report. Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/business/2017/03/21/bebe-to-close-stores-focus-online-report.html

Return to Footnote 50

Footnote 51

Kopun, F. (2017, March 1). BCBG Max Azria stores to close under bankruptcy filing. The Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/business/2017/03/01/bcbg-max-azria-stores-to-close-under-bankruptcy-filing.html

Return to Footnote 51

Footnote 52

Anderson, E. (2017, March 28). Local sports programming gets cut from CTV Kitchener. 570 News. Retrieved from: http://www.570news.com/2017/03/28/local-sports-and-other-programming-gets-cut-from-ctv-stations-including-kitchener

Return to Footnote 52

Footnote 53

2017, January 31). Bell Media lays off employees amid restructuring, citing industry challenges. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/bell-media-lays-off-employees-amid-restructuring-citing-industry-challenges/article33846955/

Return to Footnote 53

Footnote 54

Craig, S. (2017, January 24). Postmedia issues layoff notices at the Montreal Gazette, Ottawa Citizen and Windsor Star. Financial Post. Retrieved from: http://business.financialpost.com/news/postmedia-issues-layoff-notices-at-the-montreal-gazette-ottawa-citizen

Return to Footnote 54

Footnote 55

Milstead, D. (2017, April 3). Postmedia's problems piling up with print revenue declining. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from: http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/postmedias-problems-piling-up-with-print-revenue-declining/article34569674/

Return to Footnote 55

Footnote 56

CBC News Staff. (2017, March 22). Starbucks Canada vows to hire at least 1,000 refugees. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/starbucks-hiring-refugees-1.4036668

Return to Footnote 56

Footnote 57

Canadian Press Staff. (2017, March 22). Freshii aims to add 150 to 160 franchised restaurants this year. The Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/business/2017/03/22/freshii-aims-to-add-150-to-160-franchised-restaurants-this-year.html

Return to Footnote 57

Footnote 58

The Canadian Press. (2017, February 7). A&W plans to add 200 franchisee-owned restaurants in Canada by 2020. 660News.com. Retrieved from: http://www.660news.com/2017/02/07/aw-plans-to-add-200-franchisee-owned-restaurants-in-canada-by-2020/

Return to Footnote 58

Footnote 59

CNW Group. (2017, March 30). Ford Invests C$500 Million for R&D in Canada; Doubles Connectivity Team and Opens New Research and Engineering Centre in Ottawa. Canadian Newswire. Retrieved from: http://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/ford-invests-c500-million-for-rd-in-canada-doubles-connectivity-team-and-opens-new-research-and-engineering-centre-in-ottawa-617656983.html

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Footnote 60

Allen, K. (2017, March 28). New institute aims to make Toronto an 'intellectual centre' of AI capability. The Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2017/03/28/new-toronto-institute-aims-to-be-worldwide-supplier-of-artificial-intelligence-capability.html

Return to Footnote 60

Footnote 61

GM Canada Press Release. (2017, January 30). General Motors Canada Hosts the Business Council of Canada at Launch of New Canadian Technical Centre - Markham Campus. General Motors of Canada Company. Retrieved from: http://media.gm.ca/media/ca/en/gm/news.detail.html/content/Pages/news/ca/en/2017/Jan/0130_BusinesCouncil.html

Return to Footnote 61

Footnote 62

Budget 2017. (2017, March 22). Page 83 and 95. Department of Finance Canada. Retrieved from: http://www.budget.gc.ca/2017/docs/plan/budget-2017-en.pdf

Return to Footnote 62

Footnote 63

Torstar News Service. (2017, January 17). General Electric Peterborough laying off 150 workers. Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2017/01/17/general-electric-peterborough-laying-off-150-workers.html

Return to Footnote 63

Footnote 64

Bain, J. (2017, February 16). Kawartha Metals to be anchor tenant at new Peterborough Industrial Centre. The Peterborough Examiner. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/hmv-sunrise-records-takeover-malls-1.3998420

Return to Footnote 64

Footnote 65

FedNor. (2017, February 28). FedNor Investments Support Business, BroadBand and Youth Employment in the Parry Sound-Muskoka Region. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/fednor/news/2017/02/fednor_investmentssupportbusinessbroadbandandyouthemploymentinth.html

Return to Footnote 65

Footnote 66

Kovach, J. (2017, March 21). Construction could begin next year on new homes next to Fairhaven in Peterborough. The Peterborough Examiner. Retrieved from: http://www.thepeterboroughexaminer.com/2017/03/21/construction-could-begin-next-year-on-new-homes-next-to-fairhaven-in-peterborough

Return to Footnote 66

Footnote 67

Kovach, J. (2017, March 30). Construction about to begin on Atria's 130-unit Y Lofts project in the former Peterborough YMCA building. The Peterborough Examiner. Retrieved from: http://www.thepeterboroughexaminer.com/2017/03/30/construction-about-to-begin-on-atrias-130-unit-y-lofts-project-in-the-former-peterborough-ymca-building

Return to Footnote 67

Footnote 68

Nasmith, C. (2017, March 23). DND comes to Port Hope for bridge work. Northumberland Today. Retrieved from: http://www.northumberlandtoday.com/2017/03/23/dnd-comes-to-port-hope-for-bridge-work

Return to Footnote 68

Footnote 69

Ministry of Agriculture, Food, and Rural Affairs. (2017, January 16). Ontario improving roads and bridges in Eastern Ontario Communities. Ontario.ca. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/omafra/en/2017/01/ontario-improving-roads-and-bridges-in-eastern-ontario-communities.html

Return to Footnote 69

Footnote 70

MacDonald, V. (2017, March 2). Final weeks of Sears in Cobourg. The Peterborough Examiner. Retrieved from: http://www.thepeterboroughexaminer.com/2017/03/02/final-weeks-of-sears-in-cobourg

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Footnote 71

This Week. (2017, March 6). Home Depot hiring 42 workers at job fair in Peterborough on March 8. My Kawartha. Retrieved from: http://www.mykawartha.com/news-story/7174306-home-depot-hiring-42-workers-at-job-fair-in-peterborough-on-march-8/

Return to Footnote 71

Footnote 72

Allport, J. (2017, January 12). Chef opens gourmet restaurant in Warkworth. Northumberland Today. Retrieved from: http://www.northumberlandtoday.com/2017/01/12/chef-opens-gourmet-restaurant-in-warkworth

Return to Footnote 72

Footnote 73

Craden, J. (2017, February 14). La Luna Del Nordo Shines on Haliburton. The Haliburton Echo. Retrieved from: http://www.haliburtonecho.ca/la-luna-del-nordo-shines-on-haliburton?id=876

Return to Footnote 73

Footnote 74

Bain, J. (2017, February 18). Silk Roots: New Peterborough Restaurant serves fusion cuisine. The Peterborough Examiner. Retrieved from: http://www.thepeterboroughexaminer.com/2017/02/18/silk-roots-new-peterborough-restaurant-serves-fusion-cuisine

Return to Footnote 74

Footnote 75

Cilliers, R. (2017, February 17). Muskoka's Deerhurst Resort in Huntsville seeking 300 new employees. Huntsville Forester. Retrieved from: http://www.northbaynipissing.com/news-story/7146806-muskoka-s-deerhurst-resort-in-huntsville-seeking-300-new-employees/

Return to Footnote 75

Footnote 76

Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario. (2017, February 14). FedDev Ontario Invest in Vaughan Aerospace Manufacturer. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/economic-development-southern-ontario/news/2017/02/feddev_ontario_investsinvaughanaerospacemanufacturer.html

Return to Footnote 76

Footnote 77

Vaughan Citizen. (2017, March 13). Vaughan food processors being fed nearly $300,000 in government funding. York Region. Retrieved from: http://www.yorkregion.com/news-story/7187682-vaughan-food-processors-being-fed-nearly-300-000-in-government-funding/

Return to Footnote 77

Footnote 78

Shimifrez. (2017, March 25). Shimifrez kicks off $750K expansion, will create 8 jobs, at its new facility in Vaughan, Ontario. York Region. Retrieved from: http://www.shimifrez.com/shimifrez-kicks-off-750k-expansion-will-create-8-jobs-new-facility-vaughan-ontario/

Return to Footnote 78

Footnote 79

Davey, M. (2017, February 2). SATA Canada hosts grand opening. CollisionRepairmag.com. Retrieved from: http://collisionrepairmag.com/news/19131-sata-canada-hosts-grand-opening

Return to Footnote 79

Footnote 80

Slack, J. (2017, January 24). Northstar announces closure of Milton plant, 200 jobs to be lost. Inside Halton. Retrieved from: http://www.insidehalton.com/news-story/7082787-northstar-announces-closure-of-milton-plant-200-jobs-to-be-lost/

Return to Footnote 80

Footnote 81

Clay, C. (2017, February 17). Bacardi Canada to close and sell Brampton facility, eliminating 51 jobs. Brampton Guardian. Retrieved from: http://www.bramptonguardian.com/news-story/7146867-bacardi-canada-to-close-and-sell-brampton-facility-eliminating-51-jobs/

Return to Footnote 81

Footnote 82

Department of Canadian Heritage. (2017, February 10). Supporting the Revitalization of Massey Hall. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/canadian-heritage/news/2017/02/supporting_the_revitalizationofmasseyhall.html

Return to Footnote 82

Footnote 83

CNW. (2017, February 21). Upper Canada Mall Announces $60 Million Redevelopment Plan for 2018. CNW. Retrieved from: http://www.newswire.ca/news-releases/upper-canada-mall-announces-60-million-redevelopment-plan-for-2018-614344933.html

Return to Footnote 83

Footnote 84

Dmitrieva, K. (2017, January 23). 'The real estate market is so hot right now': RioCan CEO plots 2017 Toronto projects as home demand spikes. Financial Post. Retrieved from: http://business.financialpost.com/news/property-post/riocan-ceo-plots-2017-toronto-projects-as-home-demand-spikes

Return to Footnote 84

Footnote 85

Lipinski, G. (2017, March 2). CAMH's Queen Street Expansion Breaking Ground This Fall. UrbanToronto.ca. Retrieved from: http://urbantoronto.ca/news/2017/03/camhs-queen-street-expansion-breaking-ground-fall

Return to Footnote 85

Footnote 86

Burlington Post. (2017, March 29). Burlington Mall renovations coincide with site's 50th anniversary. Inside Halton. Retrieved from: http://www.insidehalton.com/news-story/7215695-burlington-mall-renovations-coincide-with-site-s-50th-anniversary/

Return to Footnote 86

Footnote 87

Transport Canada. (2017, January 11). Bus Terminal to be built in Vaughan for York Region Transit. Government of Canada Newsroom. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do;jsessionid=dd447c8f837002dafcc1d86466b5bb2800387a1dbf9c591fd81a19be31867d49.e38RbhaLb3qNe3eOa310?mthd=index&crtr.page=1&nid=1177999

Return to Footnote 87

Footnote 88

Ministry of Transportation. (2017, March 24). Ontario Building More Transit for York Region Families with New GO Station. Government of Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/mto/en/2017/03/ontario-building-more-transit-for-york-region-families-with-new-go-station.html

Return to Footnote 88

Footnote 89

Ministry of Transportation. (2017, March 30). Connecting Links Funding By Municipality. Government of Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/mto/en/2017/03/connecting-links-funding-by-municipality-2.html

Return to Footnote 89

Footnote 90

Infrastructure Ontario. Highway 427 Expansion. Infrastructure Ontario. Retrieved from: http://www.infrastructureontario.ca/Highway-427-Expansion/

Return to Footnote 90

Footnote 91

Retail Insider. (2017, January 19). Mink Mile Colonnade Sees New and Expanded Luxury Retailers. Retail-Insider.com. Retrieved from: http://www.retail-insider.com/retail-insider/2017/1/colonnade

Return to Footnote 91

Footnote 92

Retail Insider. (2017, January 2). Van Cleef & Arpels to open 1st Freestanding Toronto Store. Retail-Insider.com. Retrieved from: http://www.retail-insider.com/retail-insider/2016/12/van-cleef-arpels-yorkdale-toronto

Return to Footnote 92

Footnote 93

CNW. (2017, January 9). Raffi Jewellers Inaugurates New Rolex Boutique in Mississauga, Ontario, Canada. The Province. Retrieved from: http://www.theprovince.com/business/cnw/release.html?rkey=20170109C1665&filter=4007

Return to Footnote 93

Footnote 94

Rosella, L. (2017, January 31). Former Target locations in Brampton converting to popular 'large' stores. Brampton Guardian. Retrieved from: http://www.bramptonguardian.com/news-story/7095781-former-target-locations-in-brampton-converting-to-popular-large-stores/

Return to Footnote 94

Footnote 95

Newport, A. (2017, March 29). Popular Superstore Opening New Location in Mississauga. Insauga. Retrieved from: https://www.insauga.com/popular-superstore-opening-new-location-in-mississauga

Return to Footnote 95

Footnote 96

Retail Insider. (2016, November 22). Richemont Launches Canadian Luxury Boutique. Retail-Insider.com. Retrieved from: http://www.retail-insider.com/retail-insider/2016/11/richemont

Return to Footnote 96

Footnote 97

Hong, J. (2017, January 27). HMV in receivership, stores to close by Apr 30. Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/entertainment/music/2017/01/27/hmv-in-receivership-stores-to-close-by-apr-30.html

Return to Footnote 97

Footnote 98

The Canadian Press. (2017, January 26). Tip Top Tailors owner granted temporary protection amid cash crunch. Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/business/2017/01/26/tip-top-tailors-owner-granted-temporary-protection-amid-cash-crunch.html

Return to Footnote 98

Footnote 99

Insauga. (2017, January 10). New Nordstrom Rack Opening in Mississauga. Insauga.com. Retrieved from: https://www.insauga.com/new-nordstrom-rack-opening-in-mississauga

Return to Footnote 99

Footnote 100

Retail Insider. (2017, February 22). Saks OFF 5TH Announces 5 Store Opening Dates for this Spring. Retail-Insider.com. Retrieved from: http://www.retail-insider.com/retail-insider/2017/2/saks-off-5th

Return to Footnote 100

Footnote 101

Evans, P. (2017, March 1). BCBG Max Azria to close all 51 Canadian stores as retailer can't pay its bills. CBC News. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/bcbg-max-azria-1.4004293

Return to Footnote 101

Footnote 102

Villeneuve, P. (2017, February 27). Holt Renfrew is closing its discount store hr2. blogTO.com. Retrieved from: http://www.blogto.com/fashion_style/2017/02/holt-renfrew-closing-discount-store-hr2/

Return to Footnote 102

Footnote 103

Retail Insider. (2017, January 24). Gerry Weber Shutters Canadian Stores. Retail Insider. Retrieved from: http://www.retail-insider.com/retail-insider/2017/1/gerry-weber

Return to Footnote 103

Footnote 104

Coleman-Lochner, L. (2017, March 21). Bebe to close stores, focus online: Report. The Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/business/2017/03/21/bebe-to-close-stores-focus-online-report.html

Return to Footnote 104

Footnote 105

Harris, S. (2017, March 30). 'Very depressing': CIBC staff losing jobs to workers in India expected to help with training. CBC News. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/cibc-outsourcing-jobs-india-1.4045759

Return to Footnote 105

Footnote 106

Tilak, J., and Smith, F. (2017, March 8). Update 1- Bank of Montreal cuts jobs in buy-side equity unit-sources. Reuters. Retrieved from: http://www.reuters.com/article/bmo-layoffs-idUSL2N1GL1AE

Return to Footnote 106

Footnote 107

Ministry of Transportation. (2017, March 30). Connecting Links Funding By Municipality. Government of Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/mto/en/2017/03/connecting-links-funding-by-municipality-2.html

Return to Footnote 107

Footnote 108

Barton, L. (2017, March 29). Millions to be pumped into Nickel Street sewers. Welland Tribune. Retrieved from: http://www.wellandtribune.ca/2017/03/29/millions-to-be-pumped-into-nickel-street-sewers

Return to Footnote 108

Footnote 109

Barton, L. (2017, February 12). Welland library to open Seaway Mall branch. Niagara Falls Review. Retrieved from: http://www.niagarafallsreview.ca/2017/02/11/welland-library-to-open-seaway-mall-branch

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Footnote 110

Benner, A. (2017, January 5). Construction underway at Memorial Park Subdivision. The Tribune. Retrieved from: http://www.niagarafallsreview.ca/2017/01/05/construction-underway-at-memorial-park-subdivision

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Footnote 111

Sonnenberg, M. (2017, January 4). DFO commissions $1.4 million in repairs. Simcoe Reformer. Retrieved from: http://www.simcoereformer.ca/2017/01/04/dfo-commissions-14-million-in-repairs

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Footnote 112

Werner, K. (2017, January 4). Ancaster Aquatic Centre's upgrades will transform into a "new facility," says councillor. Ancaster News. Retrieved from: http://www.hamiltonnews.com/news-story/7049718-ancaster-aquatic-centre-s-upgrades-will-transform-it-into-a-new-facility-says-councillor/

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Footnote 113

Bales, P. (2017, January 13). $1.5M in funding for Orillia Opera House. The Orillia Packet and Times. Retrieved from: http://www.orilliapacket.com/2017/01/13/15m-in-funding-for-orillia-opera-house

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Footnote 114

Staff. (2017, March 10). Resolute idling Thorold, Ont. Newsprint mill, over 100 workers affected. CanadianManufacturing.com. Retrieved from: http://www.canadianmanufacturing.com/manufacturing/resolute-idling-thorold-ont-newsprint-mill-187706/

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Footnote 115

McNeil, M. (2017, February 1). Stelco terminates 29 salaried employees in Hamilton and Nanticoke. Hamilton Spectator. Retrieved from: http://www.thespec.com/news-story/7096022-stelco-terminates-29-salaried-employees-in-hamilton-and-nanticoke/

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Footnote 116

Craggs, S. (2017, February 22). City cuts 23 positions and repurposes 5- including some management. CBC News. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/hamilton/hamilton-staff-cuts-1.3994825

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Footnote 117

Stacey, M. (2017, January 12). GM Cami Assembly plant in Ingersoll starts building next generation Chevrolet Equinox and plans for phase out of GMC Terrain as production of its new model moves to Mexico. Ingersoll Times. Retrieved from: http://www.ingersolltimes.com/2017/01/12/gm-cami-assembly-plant-in-ingersoll-starts-building-next-generation-chevrolet-equinox-and-plans-for-phase-out-of-gmc-terrain-as-production-of-its-new-model-moves-to-mexico

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Footnote 118

Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario. (2017, March 1). FedDev Ontario Helps Manufacturers in Tillsonburg Improve Productivity and Diversify Exports. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/economic-development-southern-ontario/news/2017/03/feddev_ontario_helpsmanufacturersintillsonburgimproveproductivit.html

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Footnote 119

De Bono, N. (2017, February 13). Military spending: A $400M deal to upgrade armoured vehicles comes just as work was slowing at the giant General Dynamics plant. The London Free Press. Retrieved from: http://www.lfpress.com/2017/02/12/military-deal-saves-jobs-at-london-gdls-plant

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Footnote 120

Daniszewski, H. (2016, November 25). Hanwha countertop plant in London doubling production capacity, adding jobs. The London Free Press. Retrieved from: http://www.lfpress.com/2016/11/25/hanwha-countertop-plant-in-london-doubling-production-capacity-adding-jobs

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Footnote 121

Canadian Manufacturing. (2016, October 13). Trailer maker Cross Country investing $5.5M in Ontario plant expansion. Canadianmanufacturing.com. Retrieved from: http://www.canadianmanufacturing.com/manufacturing/trailer-maker-cross-country-manufacturing-investing-5-5m-in-ontario-plant-177113/

Return to Footnote 121

Footnote 122

Swartz, K. (2016, December 22). Diamond Canada poised for growth. Skies Magazine. Retrieved from: https://www.skiesmag.com/news/diamond-canada-poised-growth/

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Footnote 123

Ministry of Economic Development and Growth. (2017, January 25). Strengthening Auto Sector Manufacturing in London. Ontario.ca. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/medg/en/2017/01/strengthening-auto-sector-manufacturing-in-london.html

Return to Footnote 123

Footnote 124

Bieman, J. (2017, March 15). St. Thomas window and door company acquires Vaughan manufacturer. St. Thomas Times-Journal. Retrieved from: http://www.lfpress.com/2017/03/15/st-thomas-window-and-door-company-acquires-vaughan-manufacturer

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Footnote 125

Bieman, J. (2017, February 21). Construction on new Elgin Country Museum set for early spring. St. Thomas Times- Journal. Retrieved from: http://www.stthomastimesjournal.com/2017/02/21/construction-on-new-elgin-county-museum-set-for-early-spring

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Footnote 126

Daniszewski, H. (2017, February 28). Zoetis hatches big plant expansion. The London Free Press. Retrieved from: http://www.lfpress.com/2017/02/27/zoetis-hatches-big-plant-expansion

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Footnote 127

Brown, D. (2017, March 5). BMO Centre in London ready to grow. The London Free Press. Retrieved from: http://www.lfpress.com/2017/03/05/bmo-centre-in-london-ready-to-grow

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Footnote 128

Juha, J. (2017, March 2). Construction of first phase of the St. Thomas project will begin in April. St. Thomas Times-Journal. Retrieved from: http://www.stthomastimesjournal.com/2017/03/02/construction-of-first-phase-of-the-st-thomas-project-will-begin-in-april

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Footnote 129

Rivers, H. (2017, March 9). The Sweaburg maple syrup producer is building a new production facility this summer. Woodstock Sentinel-Review. Retrieved from: http://www.woodstocksentinelreview.com/2017/03/09/the-sweaburg-maple-syrup-producer-is-building-a-new-production-facility-this-summer

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Footnote 130

Michaels, L. (2017, March 15). New Green Biofuel Plant to Set Up Shop In St. Clair Township. Blackburn News. Retrieved from: http://blackburnnews.com/sarnia/sarnia-news/2017/03/15/new-green-biofuel-plant-set-shop-st-clair-twp/

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Footnote 131

Caton, M. (2017, March 24). Highbury Canco now employs over 500. Windsor Star. Retrieved from: http://windsorstar.com/news/local-news/highbury-canco-now-employs-over-500

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Footnote 132

CTV Windsor. (2017, March 29). Cavalier Tool celebrates $9M investment, jobs. CTV News Windsor. Retrieved from: http://windsor.ctvnews.ca/cavalier-tool-celebrates-9m-investment-jobs-1.3345792

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Footnote 133

CBC News. (2017, March 24). FCA to wind down transport operations in Windsor. CBC News. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/fca-to-wind-down-transport-operations-in-windsor-1.4040219

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Footnote 134

Gough, D. (2017, March 2). Union Gas' Panhandle line from Lambton to Chatham –Kent will be replaced. Chatham Daily News. Retrieved from: http://www.chathamdailynews.ca/2017/03/02/union-gas-panhandle-line-from-lambton-to-chatham-kent-will-be-replaced

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Footnote 135

Pedro, P. (2017, March 4). School Upgrades Coming Across CK. Blackburn News. Retrieved from: http://blackburnnews.com/chatham/chatham-news/2017/03/04/school-upgrades-coming-across-ck/

Return to Footnote 135

Footnote 136

Vlasveld, M. (2017, March 8). New Auto-Inspired Library Taking Shape on Ypres. Blackburn News. Retrieved from: http://blackburnnews.com/windsor/windsor-news/2017/03/08/new-auto-inspired-library-taking-shape-ypres-gallery/

Return to Footnote 136

Footnote 137

CTV Windsor. (2017, March 27). Multi-million dollar development going up near Devonshire Mall. CTV News Windsor. Retrieved from: http://windsor.ctvnews.ca/multi-million-dollar-development-going-up-near-devonshire-mall-1.3342934

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Footnote 138

Durkin, T. (2017, March 3). Gas Plant Moving Forward. Quinte News. Retrieved from: http://www.quintenews.com/2017/03/gas-plant-moving-forward/141290/

Return to Footnote 138

Footnote 139

Thomas, M. (2017, March 20). Belleville's Phase 3 ready to start. Quinte News. Retrieved from: http://www.quintenews.com/2017/03/bellevilles-phase-3-ready-start/142689/

Return to Footnote 139

Footnote 140

Ministry of Transportation. (2017, January 19). Ontario Replacing Bridge and Widening Highway 401 in Kingston. Government of Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/mto/en/2017/01/ontario-replacing-bridge-and-widening-highway-401-in-kingston.html

Return to Footnote 140

Footnote 141

Hutchins, B. (2017, January 7). Five Municipal Construction Projects to Watch for in 2017. Kingston Region. Retrieved from: https://www.kingstonregion.com/news-story/7051553-five-municipal-construction-projects-to-watch-for-in-2017/

Return to Footnote 141

Footnote 142

Ward, A. (2017, January 27). End of an era: General Mills closes in Midland. CTV News. Retrieved from: http://barrie.ctvnews.ca/end-of-an-era-general-mills-closes-in-midland-1.3260039

Return to Footnote 142

Footnote 143

Burns, I. (2016, December 1). End is near for CCL containers in Penetanguishene. Midland Mirror. Retrieved from: http://www.simcoe.com/news-story/6994959-end-is-near-for-ccl-containers-in-penetanguishene/

Return to Footnote 143

Footnote 144

Ministry of Economic Development and Growth. (2017, March 13). Ontario Helps Leading Manufacturer Create and Protect Jobs in Elora. Ontario.ca Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/medg/en/2017/03/ontario-helps-leading-manufacturer-create-and-protect-jobs-in-elora.html

Return to Footnote 144

Footnote 145

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada. (2017, January 9). Government of Canada invests $41.8 million in Honda of Canada Manufacturing to maintain middle class jobs and maintain clean technologies. Government of Canada Newsroom. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=index&crtr.page=4&nid=1177019

Return to Footnote 145

Footnote 146

Bales, P. (2017, February 16). Orillia Brewing Company to start construction at 162 Mississaga St. E. Orillia Packet. Retrieved from: http://www.orilliapacket.com/2017/02/15/orillia-brewing-company-to-start-construction-at-162-mississaga-st-e

Return to Footnote 146

Footnote 147

Ministry of Economic Development and Growth. (2017, January 27). Ontario Investing in Manufacturing in Guelph. Ontario.ca Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/medg/en/2017/01/ontario-investing-in-manufacturing-in-guelph.html

Return to Footnote 147

Footnote 148

Burns, I. (2017, February 23). Unique advertising campaign touts skilled trades in north Simcoe. Midland Mirror. Retrieved from: http://www.simcoe.com/news-story/7146746-unique-advertising-campaign-touts-skilled-trades-in-north-simcoe/

Return to Footnote 148

Footnote 149

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada. (2017, January 9). Canada and Ontario invest in infrastructure at Georgian College. Government of Canada Newsroom. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=index&crtr.page=5&nid=1176589

Return to Footnote 149

Footnote 150

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada. (2017, January 12). Canada and Ontario invest in Infrastructure at Wilfred Laurier University. Government of Canada Newsroom. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=index&crtr.page=1&nid=1178389&_ga=1.17737465.1560703.1437082960

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Footnote 151

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada. (2017, January 12). Government of Canada invests in infrastructure at the University of Waterloo. Government of Canada Newsroom. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=index&crtr.page=3&nid=1178429

Return to Footnote 151

Footnote 152

Ministry of Transportation. (2017, March 30). Connecting Links Funding By Municipality. Government of Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/mto/en/2017/03/connecting-links-funding-by-municipality-2.html

Return to Footnote 152

Footnote 153

Infrastructure Canada. (2017, January 27). Highway 401 widening to improve safety and traffic flow for Ontario residents. Government of Canada Newsroom. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=index&crtr.page=1&nid=1182839&_ga=1.250055622.1560703.1437082960

Return to Footnote 153

Footnote 154

Region of Waterloo Council. (2017, February 23). Region of Waterloo Council Info from February 22, 2017. Exchangemagazine.com. Retrieved from: http://exchangemagazine.com/2017/week8/Thursday/17022301.htm

Return to Footnote 154

Footnote 155

Exchange Magazine. (2017, March 23). Waterloo Regional Council Info from March 22, 2017. ExchangeMagazine.com Retrieved from: http://exchangemagazine.com/2017/week12/Thursday/17032320.htm#anchor

Return to Footnote 155

Footnote 156

Rutts, O. (2017, March 17). Hillsburg library set for construction. The Wellington Advertiser. Retrieved from: http://www.wellingtonadvertiser.com/comments/index.cfm?articleID=34844

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Footnote 157

Carson, S. (2017, February 14). Construction set to begin on RVH's cardiac centre in Barrie. Barrie Advance. Retrieved from: http://www.orilliapacket.com/2017/02/15/orillia-brewing-company-to-start-construction-at-162-mississaga-st-e

Return to Footnote 157

Footnote 158

CBC News. (2017, March 10). Vale shutting down Stobie Mine. CBC News. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/sudbury/vale-shuts-down-stobie-1.4018989

Return to Footnote 158

Footnote 159

Hamilton-McCharles, J. (2017, March 14). The difficult decision 'getting harder to make'. The Nugget. Retrieved from: http://www.nugget.ca/2017/03/14/the-difficult-decisions-getting-harder-to-make

Return to Footnote 159

Footnote 160

Hamilton-McCharles, J. (2017, January 11). North Bay losing 11 jobs at Highway 11 N. operation. The Nugget. Retrieved from: http://www.nugget.ca/2017/01/11/north-bay-losing-11-jobs-at-highway-11-n-operation

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Footnote 161

Rentech Inc. (2017, February 21). Rentech Idles Wawa Facility; Exploring Strategic Alternatives. Rentech Inc. Retrieved from: http://www.rentechinc.com/reference-docs/Rentech%20Idles%20Wawa%20%20Facility%20-%20Exploring%20Strategic%20Alternatives%20Press%20Release%20FINAL.pdf

Return to Footnote 161

Footnote 162

Mulligan, C. (2017, January 16). Capreol plant closing. The Sudbury Star. Retrieved from: http://www.thesudburystar.com/2017/01/16/capreol-plant-closing

Return to Footnote 162

Footnote 163

Hale, A.S. (2017, January 30). Timmins Sears to close in late July. Cornwall Standard-Freeholder. Retrieved from: http://www.timminspress.com/2017/01/30/timmins-sears-to-close-in-late-july

Return to Footnote 163

Footnote 164

Armstrong, K. (2017, February 24). Thessalon to lose CIBC branch. SooToday.com. Retrieved from: https://www.sootoday.com/local-news/thessalon-to-lose-cibc-branch-545377

Return to Footnote 164

Footnote 165

FedNor. (2017, February 10). FedNor Invests More Than $1.2 Million to Help Northeastern Ontario Communities and Businesses Adopt New Technologies and Grow. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/fednor/news/2017/02/fednor_invests_morethan12milliontohelpnortheasternontariocommuni.html?=undefined&wbdisable=false

Return to Footnote 165

Footnote 166

SooToday Staff. (2017, February 17). This company is looking to hire 100 people. SooToday.com. Retrieved from: https://www.sootoday.com/local-news/this-company-is-looking-to-hire-100-people-538949

Return to Footnote 166

Footnote 167

Gillis, L. (2017, February 3). Work progressing on Timmins 'next new mine'. Nugget. Retrieved from: http://www.nugget.ca/2017/02/03/work-progressing-on-timmins-next-new-mine

Return to Footnote 167

Footnote 168

Keown, M. (2017, January 13). Good news for Sudbury on jobs front. The Sudbury Star. Retrieved from: http://www.thesudburystar.com/2017/01/13/good-news-for-sudbury-on-jobs-front

Return to Footnote 168

Footnote 169

The Sudbury Star. (2016, November 18). CRA to add 543 jobs in Sudbury. The Sudbury Star. Retrieved from: http://www.thesudburystar.com/2016/11/18/cra-to-add-543-in-sudbury

Return to Footnote 169

Footnote 170

Postmedia Network. (2017, January 21). Move to Sudbury, taxation workers are told. The Sudbury Star. Retrieved from: http://www.thesudburystar.com/2017/01/21/move-to-sudbury-taxation-workers-are-told

Return to Footnote 170

Footnote 171

Staff. (2017, March 8). Despite Record Profits, Atikokan Loses a Second Bank Branch. Atikokan Progress. Retrieved from: http://atikokanprogress.ca/2017/03/08/despite-record-profits-atikokan-loses-a-second-bank-branch/

Return to Footnote 171

Footnote 172

Rentech Inc. (2017, February 21). Rentech Idles Wawa Facility; Exploring Strategic Alternatives. Rentech Inc. Retrieved from: http://www.rentechinc.com/reference-docs/Rentech%20Idles%20Wawa%20%20Facility%20-%20Exploring%20Strategic%20Alternatives%20Press%20Release%20FINAL.pdf

Return to Footnote 172

Footnote 173

Ministry of Transportation. (2017, March 30). Connecting Links Funding By Municipality. Government of Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/mto/en/2017/03/connecting-links-funding-by-municipality-2.html

Return to Footnote 173

Footnote 174

Public Notice Replacement of Moose Creek Bridge. The Sioux Bulletin. Retrieved from: http://www.siouxbulletin.com/content.php?secondary_id=5191&id=895

Return to Footnote 174

Footnote 175

The Chronicle-Journal. (2017, February 3). Timber dam to be history; Rare structure at Shebandowan Lake being replaced. The Chronicle Journal. Retrieved from: http://www.chroniclejournal.com/news/timber-dam-to-be-history-rare-structure-at-shebandowan-lake/article_9f66cdb6-ea2a-11e6-aef6-f7268b699d18.html

Return to Footnote 175

Footnote 176

Ministry of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation. (2017, February 10). Ontario Creating New Community Gathering Place at Sandy Lake First Nation. Government of Ontario. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/mirr/en/2017/02/ontario-creating-new-community-gathering-place-at-sandy-lake-first-nation.html

Return to Footnote 176

Footnote 177

FedNor. (2017, March 15). Government of Canada Invests $1.85 million to Support Advanced Medical Research and Innovation in Northwestern Ontario. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/fednor/news/2017/03/government_of_canadainvests185milliontosupportadvancedmedicalres.html

Return to Footnote 177

Footnote 178

Infrastructure Canada. (2017, January 16). Governments of Canada and Ontario invest in public transit in Thunder Bay. Market Wired. Retrieved from: http://www.marketwired.com/press-release/governments-of-canada-and-ontario-invest-in-public-transit-in-thunder-bay-2188591.htm

Return to Footnote 178

Footnote 179

Veterans Affairs Canada. (2017, January 26). Veterans Affairs Canada office reopens in Thunder Bay. Government of Canada Newsroom. Retrieved from: http://news.gc.ca/web/article-en.do?mthd=index&crtr.page=2&nid=1181369

Return to Footnote 179

Footnote 180

CKDR. (2017, January 2). NAPS Welcoming New Officers. CKDR.net. Retrieved from: http://www.ckdr.net/news/1635242395/naps-welcoming-new-officers

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