Labour Market Bulletin - Manitoba: July 2017

This Labour Market Bulletin provides an analysis of Labour Force Survey results for the province of Manitoba, including the regions of Winnipeg, Northern Manitoba and Southern Manitoba.

Overview

Employment

In the past month, employment in Manitoba increased by 4,800. During this time, full-time employment increased by 4,100, while part-time employment increased by 600. Over the same period, public sector employment grew by 2.2%, (+3,500), while private sector employment grew by 0.2%, (+700). Self-employment increased by 500.Footnote 1

The Conference Board of Canada's forecasts Manitoba's employment growth rate to slow to an average of 0.5% per year from 2017 until 2021.Footnote 2 The slower growth would be the result of expected mine closures in Northern Manitoba, and Manitoba Hydro completing the Bipole III transmission line and Keeyask Generating Station.

Unemployment

Manitoba's unemployment rate remained relatively unchanged, decreasing by 0.3 of a percentage point to 5%. The province continues to have one of the lowest unemployment rates in Canada, well below the national average of 6.3%.

Seasonally adjusted Monthly Labour Force Statistics
Seasonally Adjusted
Monthly Data
July 2017 June 2017 July 2016 Monthly Variation Yearly Variation
Number % Number %
Population 15 + ('000) 1,014.6 1,013.2 1,000.1 1.4 0.1 14.5 1.4
Labour Force ('000) 683.5 680.6 678.2 2.9 0.4 5.3 0.8
Employment ('000) 649.1 644.3 635.7 4.8 0.7 13.4 2.1
Full-Time ('000) 525.4 521.3 513.6 4.1 0.8 11.8 2.3
Part-Time ('000) 123.6 123.0 122.1 0.6 0.5 1.5 1.2
Unemployment ('000) 34.4 36.4 42.5 -2.0 -5.5 -8.1 -19.1
Unemployment Rate (%) 5.0 5.3 6.3 -0.3 - -1.3 -
Participation Rate (%) 67.4 67.2 67.8 0.2 - -0.4 -
Employment Rate (%) 64.0 63.6 63.6 0.4 - 0.4 -

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding
Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey - CANSIM Table 282-0087

Manitoba monthly employment and unemployment rate
Manitoba monthly employment and unemployment rate. The data table for this graph is located below
Show data table: Manitoba monthly employment and unemployment rate
Manitoba Monthly Employment and Unemployment Rate
Unemployment Rate (%) Employment ('000)
Jul-2015 5.8 631.6
Aug-2015 5.7 640.0
Sep-2015 5.2 638.4
Oct-2015 5.3 641.6
Nov-2015 6.1 635.6
Dec-2015 6.0 633.6
Jan-2016 6.1 628.6
Feb-2016 6.0 631.1
Mar-2016 6.0 635.9
Apr-2016 6.2 633.1
May-2016 5.9 635.7
Jun-2016 6.2 635.9
Jul-2016 6.3 635.7
Aug-2016 6.0 633.6
Sep-2016 6.4 632.2
Oct-2016 6.5 633.5
Nov-2016 6.1 631.9
Dec-2016 6.3 633.0
Jan-2017 6.1 634.3
Feb-2017 5.8 637.7
Mar-2017 5.5 640.5
Apr-2017 5.4 640.0
May-2017 5.3 642.7
Jun-2017 5.3 644.3
Jul-2017 5.0 649.1

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey

The unemployment rate of those aged 15-24 increased this month by 0.3 percentage points to 11.2%. By comparison, the unemployment rate for those aged 25 years and older decreased by 0.4 percentage points to 3.9%. Compared to last year, youth unemployment decreased by 2.9 percentage points and the unemployment rate for those 25 years and older, decreased 0.8 percentage points.

The unemployment rate for men aged 15 to 24 years old grew to 12.6%, an increase of 1.7 percentage points from the previous month. However, the unemployment rate for women aged 15 to 24 decreased by 1.1 percentage points to 9.7% over the same period. In the past month, unemployment rates of young men were about 3 times greater than those of men 25 years and over. Whereas, the unemployment rate for young women were about 2.5 greater than women 25 years and older.

Manitoba Monthly Unemployment Rates, by Gender and Age
Seasonally Adjusted Data July 2017
(%)
June 2017
(%)
July 2016
(%)
Monthly Variation
(% points)
Yearly Variation
(% points)
Total 5.0 5.3 6.3 -0.3 -1.3
25 years and over 3.9 4.3 4.7 -0.4 -0.8
Men - 25 years and over 3.9 4.5 5.4 -0.6 -1.5
Women - 25 years and over 3.8 4.1 4.0 -0.3 -0.2
15 to 24 years 11.2 10.9 14.1 0.3 -2.9
Men - 15 to 24 years 12.6 10.9 16.9 1.7 -4.3
Women - 15 to 24 years 9.7 10.8 11.0 -1.1 -1.3

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding
Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey - CANSIM Table 282-0087

Employment by industry

Manitoba's goods-producing sector shrank by almost 1,800 during this time, yet employed 1,400 more workers compared to the same time last year. This sector saw losses in all the industries, except for Manufacturing, (+900). These gains were offset by strong losses in both Agriculture, (-800), and in Construction, (-1,100). Moist conditions early in the season and outbreaks of the porcine epidemic diarrhea virus in the pork industry may have contributed to the job losses in Agriculture.

Manitoba's services-producing sector grew by 6,500 since last month, with strong growth in the education services industry, (+6,900). These gains offset losses in both health care and social assistance, (-1,100), and professional, scientific and technical services, (-700).

Job losses in health care and social assistance have risen as regional health authorities continue to implement cost saving measures. For example, Winnipeg Regional Health Authority has taken steps to find $83 million in savings from its annual budget by announcing cuts to various positions at its hospitals, closures of Quick Care clinics, and the Mature Women's Centre to better align services to the public.Footnote 3 Footnote 4 Footnote 5

Manitoba Monthly Labour Force Statistics, by Industry
Seasonally Adjusted July 2017 June 2017 July 2016 Monthly Variation Yearly Variation
Number % Number %
Total employed, all industries 649.1 644.3 635.7 4.8 0.7 13.4 2.1
Goods-producing sector 152.3 154.1 150.9 -1.8 -1.2 1.4 0.9
Agriculture 23.9 24.7 24.9 -0.8 -3.2 -1.0 -4.0
Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas 6.9 7.1 6.2 -0.2 -2.8 0.7 11.3
Utilities 8.7 9.3 9.9 -0.6 -6.5 -1.2 -12.1
Construction 48.0 49.1 47.1 -1.1 -2.2 0.9 1.9
Manufacturing 64.8 63.9 62.9 0.9 1.4 1.9 3.0
Services-producing sector 496.7 490.2 484.7 6.5 1.3 12.0 2.5
Trade 91.5 91.1 89.4 0.4 0.4 2.1 2.3
Transportation and warehousing 35.9 35.9 36.2 0.0 0.0 -0.3 -0.8
Finance, insurance, real estate and leasing 36.6 36.7 34.1 -0.1 -0.3 2.5 7.3
Professional, scientific and technical services 27.4 28.1 26.1 -0.7 -2.5 1.3 5.0
Business, building and other support services 20.6 20.1 17.9 0.5 2.5 2.7 15.1
Educational services 57.0 50.1 53.4 6.9 13.8 3.6 6.7
Health care and social assistance 101.2 102.3 101.6 -1.1 -1.1 -0.4 -0.4
Information, culture and recreation 24.7 23.3 22.9 1.4 6.0 1.8 7.9
Accommodation and food services 42.2 42.4 42.4 -0.2 -0.5 -0.2 -0.5
Other services 26.9 26.7 28.2 0.2 0.7 -1.3 -4.6
Public administration 32.8 33.4 32.4 -0.6 -1.8 0.4 1.2

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding
Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey - CANSIM Table 282-0088

Regional analysis

Within the past year, employment grew in all the regions of Manitoba, except for the Parklands and North region. Simultaneously, the unemployment rate decreased in four of the six regions, with exceptions being the Southwest and Parklands and North.

Manitoba Monthly Labour Force Statistics, by Economic Region
3-Month Moving Averages
Seasonally Unadjusted Data
Employment Unemployment Rate
July 2017
('000)
July 2016
('000)
Yearly
Variation
(%)
July 2017
(%)
July 2016
(%)
Yearly
Variation
(% points)
Manitoba 654.2 643.5 1.7 5.2 6.1 -0.9
Economic Regions
Southeast 63.7 62.2 2.4 3.5 4.8 -1.3
South Central and North Central 55.9 55.1 1.5 3.5 4.7 -1.2
Southwest 55.9 54.8 2.0 5.4 5.4 0.0
Winnipeg 395.5 387.7 2.0 5.7 6.7 -1.0
Interlake 47.7 46.9 1.7 3.4 6.7 -3.3
Parklands and North 35.5 36.8 -3.5 6.3 4.7 1.6

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding
Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey - CANSIM Table 282-0122

The unemployment rate in the Interlake decreased by nearly half, (to 3.4%), with employment in the service sector increasing by 4,900. The employment gains were due in part to growth in finance, insurance, real estate, rental and leasing, (+1,900), and in business, building and other support services, (+1,700).

South Central and North Central reported an increase in business, finance, and administration occupations. While parts of this economic region surround Winnipeg, it is expected that employment in the construction, agriculture, and manufacturing industries will grow in Portage La Prairie and the surrounding area once the multinational Roquette company begins construction of its pea processing plant later this year.

Southwest again saw a substantial increase in agriculture related employment. Farmers in the region grow a diversity of crops that have benefited from good weather.Footnote 6 Though the region could use more rain, agricultural related employment should soon peak in the coming months as crops near harvesting.

Employment in Winnipeg increased by 2.0% over the previous year due to strong employment growth in the Manufacturing and Accommodation and food services industries. For instance, Boeing employs 1,400 people manufacturing composite parts and assemblies for its popular 787 Dreamliner and 737 Max planes in its Winnipeg plant. The company's strong showing at the 2017 Paris Air Show could spur further production at the plant.Footnote 7

Growth in the Accommodation and food services will receive a boost this month with Winnipeg hosting the Canada Summer Games, with 20,000 visitors expected to attend the event. It is estimated that the overall economic impact from the games will be a $153 million benefit to the local economy and a $29 million in improvements in local amenities.Footnote 8

Parklands and North region experienced a decrease in employment by 3.5% compared to the same period last year due to a slow decline in the services-producing sector. The region experienced a loss of 600 jobs in the Health Care and Social Assistance industry in the past year. These job losses are associated with the Northern Regional Health Authority efforts to find savings under its provincial mandate.Footnote 9

Rail service to Churchill remains out of service due to spring flooding, with no announcement of a scheduled repair date. The owner of the rail line, Omnitrax, claims repairs could amount to $60 million and is seeking government financial assistance.Footnote 10 The continued closure of the single rail line has negatively impacted the community's seasonal tourism industry and has raised the costs of supplies that have to be flown in.

Note

In preparing this document, the authors have taken care to provide clients with labour market information that is timely and accurate at the time of publication. Since labour market conditions are dynamic, some of the information presented here may have changed since this document was published. Users are encouraged to also refer to other sources for additional information on the local economy and labour market. Information contained in this document does not necessarily reflect official policies of Employment and Social Development Canada.

Prepared by: Labour Market Information (LMI) Directorate, Service Canada, Manitoba
For further information, please contact the LMI team.
For information on the Labour Force Survey, please visit the Statistics Canada website.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 282-0089 — Labour force survey estimates (LFS), employment by class of worker and sex, seasonally adjusted and unadjusted, monthly (person), CANSIM (database). (accessed August 4, 2017)

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The Conference Board of Canada. Provincial Outlook Ecomonic Forecast: Spring 2017. Ottawa: the Conference Board of Canada.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

CBC News. July 12, 2017. “Some Manitobas will pay out-of-pocket for physiotherapy starting this fall”.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

CBC News. July 27, 2017. “4of 5 Winnipeg QuickCare clinics closing, Access Centres expanding in January”

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

CBC News. July 20, 2017. “Closure of women's health centre 'a great disservice', patients say”

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Government of Manitoba. July 31, 2017. “Crop Report: Issue 14, July 31, 2017”.

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Boeing. July 26, 2017. “Boeing Reports Strong Second-Quarter Results; Raises EPS and Cash Flow Guidance”

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Government of Canada. July 17, 2017. “25 quick facts — 2017 Canada Summer Games”.

Return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

CBC News. March 2, 2017. “Tories tell Manitoba health regions to find millions in savings in 2017”.

Return to footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

CBC News. July 18, 2017. “Omnitrax says it can't pay upto $60 million to repair rail line to Churchill”.

Return to footnote 10 referrer

Date modified: