Labour Market Bulletin - Ontario: January 2018

This Labour Market Bulletin provides an analysis of Labour Force Survey results for the province of Ontario, including the regions of Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula, Kingston–Pembroke, Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie, London, Muskoka–Kawarthas, Northeast, Northwest, Ottawa, Stratford–Bruce Peninsula, Toronto and Windsor–Sarnia.

Overview

Labour Force Trends -- Ontario Employment starts 2018 by losing part-timers

  • Employment decreased by 50,900 in the province in January 2018
  • Job losses were solely in part-time (-59,300) work with small gains in full-time (+8,500) work
  • The unemployment rate dipped from 5.6% in December 2017 to 5.5% in January 2018

Employment in Ontario weakened in January 2018 by -50,900 ending its 5-month spree of job gains. However, the losses were entirely in part-time employment (-59,300). The provincial unemployment rate also decline by 0.1 percentage point to 5.5% in January 2018, reaching lows achieved in the fall and not seen since July 2000. Given that the Ontario participation rate also declined by 0.6 percentage points from 65.0% to 64.4% over the month, the part-time job loss is likely due to seasonal workers exiting the workforce. However, the unemployment rate for Ontario's youth aged 15 to 24 increased by 0.3 percentage points to 11.4% as part-time positions become less prevalent in winter. This currently sits above the national figure of 10.9%.

Employment in Canada dropped after a year's worth of consecutive monthly gains. Employment decreased by 88,000, entirely in part-time (-137,000) work. However, full-time positions increased by 49,000 demonstrating some stability in the economy. While labour force numbers decreased, the unemployed population rose by 14,300, which explains the 0.1 percentage point increase in the national unemployment rate, returning to the November 2017 level of 5.9%.

The national employment decrease was driven primarily by the losses in Ontario, followed by a moderate decline in Quebec. However, there was an overall boost to earnings. Average hourly wages grew by 3.3% across Canada between January 2017 and January 2018, with consistent monthly increases since August.1 Effective January 1 2018, Ontario's minimum wage was raised from $11.60 to $14.00 per hour, and will be raised to $15.00 per hour on January 1, 2019.2 The loss of part-time work in the province may be in response to this pay hike, although the average wage has been steadily increasing over time, and the latest uptick is on trend for both average full-time and part-time incomes.

The United States total nonfarm payroll employment in January rose by 200,000, continuing its 88-month climb while the unemployment rate remained at 4.1% for the fourth consecutive month. Job growth south of the border has not signalled major change in Canadian exports or imports3 although a slightly elevated loonie and global oil price rally early in 2018 may stimulate some activity.

Over the past year, the provincial labour market continues to be robust. Employment improved by 104,300 between January 2017 and January 2018 with all of these gains in full-time work - a promise of stability. The unemployment rate also fell by 0.9 percentage points to 5.5% while the labour force increased by 42,700.

Ontario Monthly Labour Force Statistics
Seasonally adjusted monthly data January 2018 December 2017 January 2017 Monthly variation Yearly variation
Number % Number %
Population 15 + ('000) 11,793.7 11,771.9 11,604.3 21.8 0.2 189.4 1.6
Labour force ('000) 7,593.5 7,648.3 7,550.8 -54.8 -0.7 42.7 0.6
Employment ('000) 7,172.9 7,223.8 7,068.6 -50.9 -0.7 104.3 1.5
Full-time ('000) 5,859.9 5,851.4 5,709.4 8.5 0.1 150.5 2.6
Part-time ('000) 1,313.1 1,372.4 1,359.2 -59.3 -4.3 -46.1 -3.4
Unemployment ('000) 420.6 424.5 482.2 -3.9 -0.9 -61.6 -12.8
Unemployment rate (%) 5.5 5.6 6.4 -0.1 - -0.9 -
Participation rate (%) 64.4 65.0 65.1 -0.6 - -0.7 -
Employment rate (%) 60.8 61.4 60.9 -0.6 - -0.1 -

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0087

Ontario Monthly Employment and Unemployment Rate
Monthly employment and unemployment rate. The data table for this graph is located below
Show data table: Ontario monthly employment and unemployment rate
Ontario monthly employment and unemployment rate
Unemployment rate (%) Employment ('000)
January 2016 6.8 6,976.4
February 2016 6.8 6,966.1
March 2016 6.7 6,984.6
April 2016 7.0 6,988.3
May 2016 6.5 6,998.7
June 2016 6.3 7,009.3
July 2016 6.4 6,977.0
August 2016 6.8 6,986.7
September 2016 6.6 7,003.5
October 2016 6.3 7,026.4
November 2016 6.3 7,034.9
December 2016 6.4 7,044.0
January 2017 6.4 7,068.6
February 2017 6.2 7,074.9
March 2017 6.3 7,069.6
April 2017 5.9 7,075.1
May 2017 6.4 7,083.8
June 2017 6.4 7,087.6
July 2017 6.0 7,122.4
August 2017 5.5 7,146.3
September 2017 5.7 7,178.2
October 2017 5.8 7,180.7
November 2017 5.5 7,217.7
December 2017 5.6 7,223.8
January 2018 5.5 7,172.9
Ontario Monthly Unemployment Rates, by Gender and Age
Seasonally adjusted
data
January 2018
%
December 2017
%
January 2017
%
Monthly variation
(% points)
Yearly variation
(% points)
Total 5.5 5.6 6.4 -0.1 -0.9
25 years and over 4.6 4.6 4.9 0.0 -0.3
Men - 25 years and over 4.4 4.8 4.8 -0.4 -0.4
Women - 25 years and over 4.7 4.4 5.0 0.3 -0.3
15 to 24 years 11.4 11.1 15.2 0.3 -3.8
Men - 15 to 24 years 11.9 12.9 15.4 -1.0 -3.5
Women - 15 to 24 years 10.9 9.1 14.9 1.8 -4.0

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0087

Employment by industry

Employment decline in goods-producing sector attributed to weaker construction activities

Employment fell in Ontario's goods-producing sector this month with 6,800 (-0.5%) losses. The greatest decline was reported in construction (-8,500) whereas gains were limited to manufacturing (+4,600) and utilities (+2,200).

Alongside employment improvements in manufacturing, the Markit Canada Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index rose in January to the highest level since April 2017. The increase reflects strong growth in output, new orders, and staff recruitment. Demand for goods was higher in both the domestic and foreign markets, particularly from clients in the United States. Ontario has experienced the fastest growth in manufacturing business conditions for nearly two years with a noticeable increase in exports. However, longer delivery times and rising prices for some raw material inputs were among the factors adding pressures nationally.45

Several significant announcements also came out of manufacturing, particularly within the transportation equipment and supplies segment. There continues to be investments made in advanced technology to strengthen the sector's global competitiveness. Notably, with up to $100M of federal and provincial funding, Guelph-based Linamar Corporation, a motor vehicle parts manufacturer, will develop new products and technologies for transmissions and drive trains, engine parts, electric and connected vehicles, as well as establish a new research and development centre. These initiatives are expected to eventually create 1,500 jobs.67

In addition, automotive sales, particularly of light trucks, are at record high levels8, encouraging investments and expansions within the auto parts supply chain.9,10,11

In the aerospace sector, Diamond Aircraft Industries Inc. is extending production of new aircraft models and plans to add 120 positions in 2018 at its plant in London.12 This bodes well for Ontario's expanding aviation industry.

Meanwhile, events were mixed in the food manufacturing cluster. Among the positive developments,13 Dr. Oetker Canada Ltd. is hiring more than 100 workers at its frozen pizza plant in London to meet higher operational needs. Seventy percent of the production from the company's facility in New Brunswick, which is slated for closure, will move to this location. The London plant's more modern facilities and closer proximity to suppliers could be factors influencing the business decision.14,15 Shifting consumer behaviour may also weigh down on the overall performance of the sector. Campbell Company of Canada announced intentions to close its plant in Etobicoke within the next 18 months, eliminating about 380 positions, as consumer preference for fresh produce and other foods over items such as canned soups has led to declining revenues. While the company will keep its headquarters and commercial operations in Toronto, retaining nearly 200 of the 600 jobs from this location, the manufacturing operations will be moved to the existing plants in the United States.16,17

In construction, residential activities were also weaker this month with housing starts declining by 14.1% over the year.18 In the same period, new developments fell in all types of units except semi-detached dwellings. The Toronto area experienced the greatest decline in starts.19

In the resale market in Toronto, the demand for condominium units remained high but home sales generally declined in January when measured against the high level of activities last year.20 Looking ahead, the rise in interest rates, along with the new mortgage rules which came into effect January 1, 2018 for federally regulated financial institutions,21 may cool some residential real estate activities. There are indications of an uptick in borrowing from alternative lenders.22

Yet, the provincial government's undertaking of its largest long-term infrastructure investment should continue to boost employment in construction. A few related developments got underway, including the $65M Cherry Street Stormwater and Lakefilling project, which is the first phase of the $1.25B Port Lands Flood Protection Project in Toronto.23 Work also started on the Henvey Inlet Wind project off Georgian Bay. This is the largest on-reserve wind installation development in Canada, and is expected to create 500 jobs at peak.24 Announcements also came about multi-million dollar awards for other infrastructure developments,25,26,27 as well as news related to commercial, 28 residential,29 and institutional developments.30,31,32,33,34

Year-over-year, employment in the goods-producing sector grew by 23,200 (+1.6%) based on the strength of manufacturing employment (+ 34,000). Construction was up marginally (700), while agriculture reported the greatest loss (-9, 100).

Services-producing sector suffer significant monthly employment losses among large clusters

The services-producing sector also experienced losses in employment of 44,000 or (-0.8%). The largest contributors to the decline were wholesale and retail trade (-15,500) and professional, scientific and technical services (-13,300). Business, building and other support services reported the highest growth in employment of 7,300; while employment was up by 2,200 in accommodation and food services.

The employment decline in wholesale and retail trade was likely associated with weaker retail activities. However the sector will benefit from new business entrants, including a Farm Boy grocery store which will open in Hamilton this spring, with 140 full- and part-time positions.35 In addition, SAIL, an outdoor retailer, will open in the new IKEA London location, creating 100 jobs.36 Lowes Canada is ramping up hiring for full-time, part-time and seasonal positions across Canada with an estimated 3,300 job openings in Ontario.37

This month's level of employment in professional, scientific and technical services was the lowest since April 2017. However, within this sector, technology-driven activities continue to advance38,39 and this should support higher employment numbers.40 Among the expansions, and with private and publicly supported investments, Miovision Technologies, a traffic solutions company, moved to Catalyst137, a new Internet of Things innovation centre in Kitchener, and plans to create 275 jobs over the next few years.41

Public administration suffered a fourth consecutive month of employment decline. Yet good news is on the horizon as the Province of Ontario will be hiring up to 175 Employment Standards Officers42 to ensure compliance with the Fair Workplaces, Better Jobs Act, 2017.43 The Act includes the legislation related to minimum wages in the province.

Although business, building and other support services reported the highest growth in employment in the services sector this month, some of the closures planned in call centres will result in setbacks in the sector. Transcom Canada will be ceasing operations in Barrie and Brockville this spring, which will impact 280 and 80 workers respectively at these locations. The company mentioned moving to an offshore operation and changes in the business model to work at home as factors influencing the changes.44,45 Also Shaw Communications Inc., will close its Freedom Mobile call centre in Windsor, affecting 130 people by March, as operations will be moving to British Columbia.46 However the news that Sutherland Global Services Inc. is looking to fill 60 positions in technical customer service roles in Sault Ste. Marie47 was good for the sector.

In accommodation and food services, several restaurant openings were announced for different areas of Ontario, notably in the Northeast.48,49

Employment conditions were stronger in the services-producing sector when compared year-over-year, with an increase of 81,300 (+1.4%). Industry gains were led by wholesale and retail trade (+64,100) and professional, scientific and technical services (+24,600). Employment losses were largely in health care and social assistance (-18,000), business, building and other support services (-12,600) and public administration (-10,800).

Ontario Monthly Labour Force Statistics, by Industry
Seasonally adjusted data ('000) January 2018 December 2017 January 2017 Monthly variation Yearly variation
Number % Number %
Total employed, all industries 7,172.9 7,223.8 7,068.6 -50.9 -0.7 104.3 1.5
Goods-producing sector 1,457.3 1,464.1 1,434.1 -6.8 -0.5 23.2 1.6
Agriculture 63.7 67.6 72.8 -3.9 -5.8 -9.1 -12.5
Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying,
oil and gas
32.7 34.0 33.5 -1.3 -3.8 -0.8 -2.4
Utilities 49.4 47.2 50.9 2.2 4.7 -1.5 -2.9
Construction 519.1 527.6 518.4 -8.5 -1.6 0.7 0.1
Manufacturing 792.4 787.8 758.4 4.6 0.6 34.0 4.5
Services-producing sector 5,715.7 5,759.7 5,634.4 -44.0 -0.8 81.3 1.4
Trade 1,087.7 1,103.2 1,023.6 -15.5 -1.4 64.1 6.3
Transportation and warehousing 348.2 354.1 327.4 -5.9 -1.7 20.8 6.4
Finance, insurance, real estate
and leasing
562.7 562.1 569.5 0.6 0.1 -6.8 -1.2
Professional, scientific
and technical services
625.8 639.1 601.2 -13.3 -2.1 24.6 4.1
Business, building
and other support services
313.3 306.0 325.9 7.3 2.4 -12.6 -3.9
Educational services 500.7 508.8 499.0 -8.1 -1.6 1.7 0.3
Health care and social assistance 843.9 853.6 861.9 -9.7 -1.1 -18.0 -2.1
Information, culture and recreation 325.4 324.5 314.3 0.9 0.3 11.1 3.5
Accommodation and food services 463.8 461.6 462.7 2.2 0.5 1.1 0.2
Other services 284.9 282.0 279.0 2.9 1.0 5.9 2.1
Public administration 359.2 364.8 370.0 -5.6 -1.5 -10.8 -2.9

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0088

Regional analysis

Toronto accounted for the majority of job gains in Ontario in January 2018

Employment increased in the Toronto economic region by 141,000 between January 2017 and January 2018 (measured on a year-over-year seasonally unadjusted basis). The regional unemployment rate dropped by 1.1 percentage points over the past year to sit at 5.4%, and labour force participation also increased. Some major news came out of the construction industry in January for the region, boosting employment prospect.50 In addition, construction will begin in spring 2018 on the $116.9M Highway 401 Rail Tunnel project for Metrolinx in Toronto. The project will be completed by 2021 and is expected to employ up to 50 workers.51 The Toronto region continues to see investment in its technology and innovation sector as the Government of Canada announced that MDA will receive $53.7M in funding for robotic and autonomous technology to support future space exploration. This investment will support 175 jobs in Brampton.52

Labour market conditions continued to improve in the Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula economic region. Employment increased by 24,100 and the unemployment rate fell from 5.7% to 5.0% in the past year. Another positive sign is the increase in the participation rate from 63.8% to 64.6%, indicating that more people were looking for work.

In the Windsor--Sarnia economic region, employment was up by 8,800 and the regional unemployment rate fell to 4.4% - one of the lowest in the province. The emerging medical marijuana industry is making an impact in the area. Tillray Canada Inc. announced that it will create approximately 250 new jobs over the next five years at their new medical marijuana facility in Enniskillen Township, near Petrolia. Currently, the company plans to ship the dried plants to British Columbia to process, but opening a processing plant in Ontario is also an option.53

Employment also rose in the Kitchener--Waterloo--Barrie economic region by 8,400. The region registered the lowest unemployment rate in the province, and was among the leaders in labour force participation. Despite the continuing declines in the news media industry, Sault Ste. Marie-headquartered Village Media Inc. launched a digital news website OrilliaMatters.com in Orillia.54

The Stratford--Bruce Peninsula, Northwest, and Northeast economic regions also posted year-over-year employment gains in January.

Employment growth remained weak in eastern Ontario

Labour market conditions in the Kingston--Pembroke economic region continued to slide as employment fell by 21,100 between January 2017 and January 2018. The regional participation rate plunged from 61.2% to 55.2%, as people left the labour force. Employment also decreased by 12,700 in the Muskoka--Kawarthas economic region, but several positive announcements have been made over the month. Lake of Bays Brewing Company began construction on a new 4,000-sq.-ft. brewery-style pub in Huntsville. The Huntsville Brewhouse is expected to open by spring 2018.55 Construction has also started on the new $3.8M Millbrook dam in Peterborough.56 Nepheline miner Unimin Canada Ltd. will expand operations at its Blue Mountain facility north of Havelock and close the Nephton plant by 2020.57

The London economic region posted an employment loss of 2,500 and the unemployment rate increased from 5.5% to 6.1%. Firestone Textiles Company had begun shutting down its textile factory in Woodstock on January 1, which immediately affected 50 workers. More than 100 additional employees will be laid off once the facility fully shutters by the end of the year.58 However, Ryder System Inc. opened a new Logistics Operating Center in London. Approximately 210 drivers are based out of the facility, along with 55 employees.59

Employment decreased slightly in the Ottawa economic region as well.

Ontario Monthly Labour Force Statistics, by Economic Region
3-month moving averages
seasonally unadjusted data
Employment Unemployment rate
January 2018
('000)
January 2017
('000)
Yearly variation
(%)
January 2018
(%)
January 2017
(%)
Yearly variation
(% points)
Ontario 7,172.6 7,018.6 2.2 5.2 6.0 -0.8
Economic regions
Ottawa 702.7 703.9 -0.2 4.9 5.1 -0.2
Kingston--Pembroke 201.6 222.7 -9.5 4.4 4.0 0.4
Muskoka--Kawarthas 175.2 187.9 -6.8 5.9 5.2 0.7
Toronto 3,507.5 3,366.5 4.2 5.4 6.5 -1.1
Kitchener--Waterloo--Barrie 703.7 695.3 1.2 4.3 5.2 -0.9
Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula 756.9 732.8 3.3 5.0 5.7 -0.7
London 321.5 324.0 -0.8 6.1 5.5 0.6
Windsor--Sarnia 304.0 295.2 3.0 4.4 5.8 -1.4
Stratford--Bruce Peninsula 158.0 150.9 4.7 4.4 5.2 -0.8
Northeast 240.7 240.4 0.1 6.1 7.1 -1.0
Northwest 100.8 99.0 1.8 5.3 6.3 -1.0

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0122

Note

In preparing this document, the authors have taken care to provide clients with labour market information that is timely and accurate at the time of publication. Since labour market conditions are dynamic, some of the information presented here may have changed since this document was published. Users are encouraged to also refer to other sources for additional information on the local economy and labour market. Information contained in this document does not necessarily reflect official policies of Employment and Social Development Canada.

Prepared by: Labour Market Information (LMI) Division, Ontario
For further information, please contact the LMI team.
For information on the Labour Force Survey, please visit the Statistics Canada website.

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Statistics Canada. Table 282-0071 - Labour Force Survey estimates (LFS), wages of employees by type of work, North American Industry Classification System (NAICS), sex and age group, unadjusted for seasonality, monthly (current dollars unless otherwise noted)

Return to Footnote 1

Footnote 2

Ministry of Labour. Government of Ontario. Retrieved from: https://www.ontario.ca/page/minimum-wage-increase

Return to Footnote 2

Footnote 3

Statistics Canada. Table 228-0059 - Merchandise imports and exports, customs and balance of payments basis for all countries, by seasonal adjustment and North American Product Classification System (NAPCS), monthly (dollars)

Return to Footnote 3

Footnote 4

IHS Markit. (2018, February 1). Markit Canada Manufacturing PMI. IHS Markit. Retrieved from: https://www.markiteconomics.com/Survey/PressRelease.mvc/29eaa2f3c4af4a189a6de9343e2bb83e

Return to Footnote 4

Footnote 5

Trading Economics. Canada Manufacturing PMI. Retrieved from: https://tradingeconomics.com/canada/manufacturing-pmi

Return to Footnote 5

Footnote 6

Blatchford, A. (2018, January 15). Feds, Ontario invest $100M to support Linamar auto parts maker. The Canadian Press - CTV News. Retrieved from: https://www.ctvnews.ca/business/feds-ontario-invest-100m-to-support-linamar-auto-parts-maker-1.3759692

Return to Footnote 6

Footnote 7

Seto, C. (2018, January 15). Federal government, Ontario invest $100M to support Linamar auto parts maker. Waterloo Region Record. Retrieved from: https://www.therecord.com/news-story/8074013-federal-government-ontario-invest-100m-to-support-linamar-auto-parts-maker/

Return to Footnote 7

Footnote 8

CBC News Staff. (2018, January 3). Canadian sales of light trucks, cars top 2 million for 1st time. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/vehicles-light-trucks-cars-sales-1.4471837

Return to Footnote 8

Footnote 9

CBC News Staff. (2018, January 17). $1M grant adds 60 jobs at Lakeside Plastics Ltd. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation News Windsor. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/windsor/lakeside-plastics-investment-fund-1.4490901

Return to Footnote 9

Footnote 10

Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada. (2018, January 17). Eleven automotive manufacturing sector projects to get Strategic Innovation Fund support. Government of Canada. Retrieved from: https://www.canada.ca/en/innovation-science-economic-development/news/2018/01/eleven_automotivemanufacturingsectorprojectstogetstrategicinnova.html

Return to Footnote 10

Footnote 11

Pedro, P. (2018, January 15). Blenheim's Woodbridge Foam Plant Is Growing. Blackburn News. Retrieved from: http://blackburnnews.com/chatham/chatham-news/2018/01/15/blenheims-woodbridge-foam-plant-growing/

Return to Footnote 11

Footnote 12

De Bono, N. (2018, January 25). Plane maker says new models could boost North American sales, create jobs in London. The London Free Press. Retrieved from: http://www.lfpress.com/2018/01/24/plane-maker-says-new-models-could-boost-north-american-sales-create-jobs-in-london

Return to Footnote 12

Footnote 13

Sacheli, S. (2018, January 29). 'This is really good news' - Tecumseh Bonduelle plant expanding, hiring 40 more workers. Windsor Star. Retrieved from: http://windsorstar.com/news/local-news/this-is-really-good-news-tecumseh-bonduelle-plant-expanding-hiring-40-more-workers

Return to Footnote 13

Footnote 14

Sturgeon, N. (2018, January 30). Dr. Oetker's closure of New Brunswick pizza plant 'a slap in the face. CBC News New Brunswick. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/new-brunswick/dr-oetker-closes-grand-falls-plant-1.4510545

Return to Footnote 14

Footnote 15

De Bono, N. (2018, January 31). London's Dr. Oetker frozen pizza plant boosting production after New Brunswick plant shuttered. The London Free Press. Retrieved from: http://www.lfpress.com/2018/01/30/londons-dr-oetker-frozen-pizza-plant-boosting-production-after-new-brunswick-plant-shuttered

Return to Footnote 15

Footnote 16

Financial Post Staff. (2018, January 24). Campbell Soup shuttering 87-year-old Toronto facility, 380 jobs to be impacted. The Canadian Press - Financial Post. Retrieved from: http://business.financialpost.com/pmn/business-pmn/campbell-soup-shuttering-87-year-old-toronto-facility-380-jobs-to-be-impacted

Return to Footnote 16

Footnote 17

Toronto Star. (2017, August 31). Campbell Soup expects sales to drop as people opt for fresher foods. The Toronto Star. Retrieved from: https://www.thestar.com/business/2017/08/31/campbell-soup-expects-sales-to-drop-as-people-opt-for-fresher-foods.html

Return to Footnote 17

Footnote 18

Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 027-0054: Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, housing starts, all areas, Canada and provinces, seasonally adjusted at annual rates.

Return to Footnote 18

Footnote 19

Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 027-0001. Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation, housing starts, under construction and completions in centres 10,000 and over, Canada, provinces, selected census metropolitan areas, monthly (units).

Return to Footnote 19

Footnote 20

McFarland, J. (2018, February 6). Toronto home sales fall sharply in January. Globe and Mail. Retrieved from: https://www.theglobeandmail.com/real-estate/toronto/toronto-home-sales-drop-22-in-january-but-prices-have-steadied/article37870082/

Return to Footnote 20

Footnote 21

Office of the Superintendent of Financial Institutions Press Release (2017, October 17). OSFI is reinforcing a strong and prudent regulatory regime for residential mortgage underwriting. OSFI. Retrieved from: http://www.osfi-bsif.gc.ca/Eng/osfi-bsif/med/Pages/B20_dft_nr.aspx

Return to Footnote 21

Footnote 22

Ligaya, A. (2018, February 5). New mortgage stress test rules have borrowers flocking to alternative lenders. The Canadian Press-CBC News. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/mortgage-stress-test-1.4519972

Return to Footnote 22

Footnote 23

Fox, C. (2018, January 11). Construction begins on first phase of $1.25 billion project to protect Port Lands from flooding. CablePulse 24. Retrieved from: https://www.cp24.com/news/construction-begins-on-first-phase-of-1-25-billion-project-to-protect-port-lands-from-flooding-1.3754982

Return to Footnote 23

Footnote 24

Wall, D. (2018, January 18). Henvey Inlet First Nation signs $1B wind power deal. Daily Commercial News Staff. Retrieved from: https://canada.constructconnect.com/dcn/news/resource/2018/01/henvey-inlet-first-nation-signs-1b-wind-power-deal

Return to Footnote 24

Footnote 25

Daily Commercial News Staff. (2017, December 22). EllisDon team awarded 401 GO rail tunnel job. DCN News Services. Retrieved from: https://canada.constructconnect.com/dcn/news/infrastructure/2017/12/ellisdon-team-awarded-401-go-rail-tunnel-job

Return to Footnote 25

Footnote 26

Ministry of Transportation. (2018, January 15). Ontario Investing in Major New Rapid Transit Line in London. Government of Ontario. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/mto/en/2018/01/ontario-investing-in-major-new-rapid-transit-line-in-london.html

Return to Footnote 26

Footnote 27

Daily Commercial News Staff. (2017, December 22). Strabag awarded contract to build rail tunnel in Toronto. DCN News Services. Retrieved from: https://canada.constructconnect.com/dcn/news/infrastructure/2018/01/strabag-awarded-contract-build-rail-tunnel-toronto

Return to Footnote 27

Footnote 28

Hall, C. (2018, January 29). Expansion, redevelopment in the cards for Scugog Island casino. Port Perry Star - Durham Region News. Retrieved from: https://www.durhamregion.com/news-story/8098707-expansion-redevelopment-in-the-cards-for-scugog-island-casino/

Return to Footnote 28

Footnote 29

Landau, J. (2018, January 24). Site Clearing Marks Start of Work on 740 Dupont Mid-Rise. Urban Toronto. Retrieved from: http://urbantoronto.ca/news/2018/01/site-clearing-marks-start-work-740-dupont-mid-rise

Return to Footnote 29

Footnote 30

Whitnell, T. (2018, January 3). New child care spaces coming to two Burlington elementary schools. Burlington Post. Retrieved from: https://www.insidehalton.com/news-story/8034833-new-child-care-spaces-coming-to-two-burlington-elementary-schools/

Return to Footnote 30

Footnote 31

Timmins Press Staff. (2018, January 10). Child-care centre to open at Schumacher Public School. Timmins Press. Retrieved from: http://www.timminspress.com/2018/01/10/child-care-centre-to-open-at-schumacher-public-school

Return to Footnote 31

Footnote 32

Lake 88 News Staff.(2018, February 1). CDSBEO receives funding for capital projects in schools. Lake 88. Retrieved from: http://lake88.ca/2018/02/01/cdsbeo-receives-funding-for-capital-projects-in-schools/

Return to Footnote 32

Footnote 33

McKay, J. (2018, January 23). Province to spend $67 million on schools, additions. Kingston Whig-Standard. Retrieved from: http://www.thewhig.com/2018/01/23/province-to-spend-67-million-on-schools-additions

Return to Footnote 33

Footnote 34

Marychuk, M. (2018, January 31). Armagh House to double capacity in Peel. Mississauga News. Retrieved from: https://www.bramptonguardian.com/news-story/8094567-armagh-house-to-double-capacity-in-peel/

Return to Footnote 34

Footnote 35

Bowes, G. (2018, January 3). Farm Boy ready to hire 140 for Hamilton Mountain store. Hamilton News. Retrieved from: https://www.hamiltonnews.com/news-story/8034060-farm-boy-ready-to-hire-140-for-hamilton-mountain-store/

Return to Footnote 35

Footnote 36

Jeffrey, J. (2018, January 16). London's Mayor focuses on jobs and momentum in State of the City address. Global News. Retrieved from: https://globalnews.ca/news/3967354/londons-mayor-focuses-on-jobs-and-momentum-in-state-of-the-city-address/

Return to Footnote 36

Footnote 37

Canada Newswire Staff. (2018, February 5). Lowe's Canada to hire more than 7,000 employees this spring for its Lowe's, RONA and Reno-Depot stores. CNW. Retrieved from: http://markets.businessinsider.com/news/stocks/Lowe-s-Canada-to-hire-more-than-7-000-employees-this-spring-for-its-Lowe-s-RONA-and-Reno-Depot-stores-1014969286

Return to Footnote 37

Footnote 38

Brampton Guardian Staff. (2018, February 1). Trend Micro setting up Toronto research lab. Brampton Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.bramptonguardian.com/news-story/8104762-trend-micro-setting-up-toronto-research-lab/

Return to Footnote 38

Footnote 39

aniszewski, H. (2018, January 6). Joblessness hits 40-year low nationally, London-area rate also down in surprising year-end tally. The London Free Press. Retrieved from: http://www.stthomastimesjournal.com/2018/01/05/london-area-unemployment-rate-dropped-a-notch-to-62-in-december-as-number-of-people-working-grew

Return to Footnote 39

Footnote 40

Brampton Guardian Staff. (2017, December 18). Brampton's MDA receives $53.7M in federal funds to help further space exploration. Brampton Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.bramptonguardian.com/news-story/8003218-brampton-s-mda-receives-53-7m-in-federal-funds-to-help-further-space-exploration/

Return to Footnote 40

Footnote 41

CBC News Staff. (2018, January 30). Miovision Technologies expands to create 275 new jobs. Canadian Broadcasting Corporation Kitchener-Waterloo. Retrieved from: http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/kitchener-waterloo/miovision-expansion-1.4510528

Return to Footnote 41

Footnote 42

Ministry of Labour. (2018, January 15). Ontario Enhancing Enforcement to Ensure Worker Rights Are Protected. Government of Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from: https://news.ontario.ca/mol/en/2018/01/ontario-enhancing-enforcement-to-ensure-worker-rights-are-protected.html

Return to Footnote 42

Footnote 43

Legislative Assembly of the Province of Ontario. Bill 148, Fair Workplaces, Better Jobs Act, 2017. Retrieved from: http://www.ontla.on.ca/web/bills/bills_detail.do?locale=en&BillID=4963

Return to Footnote 43

Footnote 44

Ward, A. (2018, January 16). Transcom announces closure of Barrie call centre; 280 people affected. CTV News Barrie. Retrieved from: https://barrie.ctvnews.ca/transcom-announces-closure-of-barrie-call-centre-280-people-affected-1.3761839

Return to Footnote 44

Footnote 45

Zajac, R. (2018, January 16). Brockville's Transcom closing. Recorder and Times. Retrieved from: http://www.recorder.ca/2018/01/16/brockvilles-transcom-closing

Return to Footnote 45

Footnote 46

Hill, S. (2018, January 15). Updated: Freedom Mobile call centre closing; Windsor under attack, says union. Windsor Star. Retrieved from: http://windsorstar.com/news/local-news/freedom-mobile-windsor-call-centre-closing-putting-130-out-of-work

Return to Footnote 46

Footnote 47

SooToday Staff. (2018, January 22). 60 jobs available at Sutherland job fair. SooToday. Retrieved from: https://www.sootoday.com/local-news/60-jobs-available-at-sutherland-job-fair-819332

Return to Footnote 47

Footnote 48

Hamilton-Mccharles, J. (2018, January 24). New steakhouse coming to North Bay. The Nugget. Retrieved from: http://www.nugget.ca/2018/01/24/new-steakhouse-coming-to-north-bay

Return to Footnote 48

Footnote 49

Moodie, J. (2018, January 11). Rainbow Centre adds Swiss Chalet outlet. The Sudbury Star. Retrieved from: http://www.thesudburystar.com/2018/01/11/rainbow-centre-adds-swiss-chalet-outlet

Return to Footnote 49

Footnote 50

Fox, C. (2018, January 11). Construction begins on first phase of $1.25 billion project to protect Port Lands from flooding. CP24. Retrieved from: https://www.cp24.com/news/construction-begins-on-first-phase-of-1-25-billion-project-to-protect-port-lands-from-flooding-1.3754982

Return to Footnote 50

Footnote 51

DCN News Services. (2017, December 22). EllisDon team awarded 401 GO rail tunnel job. Daily Commercial News. Retrieved from: https://canada.constructconnect.com/dcn/news/infrastructure/2017/12/ellisdon-team-awarded-401-go-rail-tunnel-job

Return to Footnote 51

Footnote 52

Brampton Guardian Staff. (2017, December 17). Brampton's MDA receives $53.7M in federal funds to help further space exploration. Brampton Guardian. Retrieved from: https://www.bramptonguardian.com/news-story/8003218-brampton-s-mda-receives-53-7m-in-federal-funds-to-help-further-space-exploration/

Return to Footnote 52

Footnote 53

Schilz, M. (2018, January 8). Tilray on track to have pot production by spring. Postmedia Network. Retrieved from: http://www.petroliatopic.com/2018/01/08/tilray-on-track-to-have-pot-production-by-spring

Return to Footnote 53

Footnote 54

Northern Ontario Business Staff. (2018, January 3). Village Media expands to Orillia. Northern Ontario Business. Retrieved from: https://www.northernontariobusiness.com/regional-news/sault-ste-marie/village-media-expands-to-orillia-803991

Return to Footnote 54

Footnote 55

Cilliers, R. (2018, January 10). Beers, cheers and politicians in hard hats, Huntsville Brewhouse celebrates construction kick off. Huntsville Forester. Retrieved from: https://www.muskokaregion.com/news-story/8045651-beers-cheers-and-politicians-in-hard-hats-huntsville-brewhouse-celebrates-construction-kick-off/

Return to Footnote 55

Footnote 56

Nyznik, J. (2017, January 23). $3.8M reconstruction of Millbrook Dam begins in the new year. The Peterborough Examiner. Retrieved from: http://www.thepeterboroughexaminer.com/2017/12/23/38m-reconstruction-of-millbrook-dam-begins-in-the-new-year

Return to Footnote 56

Footnote 57

Nyznik, J. (2017, December 23). Nephton mine to close by 2020 but Unimin plans to expand nearby Blue Mountain operations. The Peterborough Examiner. Retrieved from: http://www.thepeterboroughexaminer.com/2017/12/23/nephton-mine-to-close-by-2020-but-unimin-plans-to-expand-nearby-blue-mountain-operations

Return to Footnote 57

Footnote 58

Rivers, H. and Daniszewski, H. (2017, December 28). Firestone Textiles: A strong area economy leaves Woodstock in good position to shake off loss of 80-year-old industrial fixture, officials say. The Chronicle Online. http://www.thechronicle-online.com/2017/12/26/firestone-textiles-a-strong-area-economy-leaves-woodstock-in-good-position-to-shake-off-loss-of-80-year-old-industrial-fixture-officials-say

Return to Footnote 58

Footnote 59

Truck News Staff. (2018, January 3).Ryder opens new logistics center in Ontario. Truck News. Retrieved from: https://www.trucknews.com/transportation/ryder-opens-new-logistics-center-ontario/1003082648/

Return to Footnote 59

Date modified: