Labour Market Bulletin - Ontario: November 2015

This Labour Market Bulletin provides an analysis of Labour Force Survey results for the province of Ontario, including the regions of Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula, Kingston–Pembroke, Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie, London, Muskoka–Kawarthas, Northeast, Northwest, Ottawa, Stratford–Bruce Peninsula, Toronto and Windsor–Sarnia.

Overview

Labour Force Trends – Ontario employment increased in October

  • Employment in Ontario decreased by 6,400 in November, after an increase of 29,200 in October
  • While full-time work expanded (+5,700), losses in part-time work (-12,000) offset these gains
  • The unemployment rate inched up to 6.9%, from 6.8% in October

Employment fell by 6,400 in Ontario in November, the third monthly decline over the past four months. Gains in full-time employment (+5,700) were more than offset by losses in part-time employment (-12,000). The provincial unemployment rate inched up to 6.9% from 6.8% in October as unemployment increased by 9,700.

In Canada, employment decreased by 35,700 in November, with an increase in full-time work (+36,600) negated by a large decline in part-time work (-72,300). The loss in employment was larger than expected by economists polled by Bloomberg L.P. Underlying indicators such as exports, which had contributed to economic growth during the summer, fell by 1.8% in October, while much of the October employment gains in public administration due to the federal election were lost in November.Footnote 1 The national unemployment rate inched up to 7.1% from 7.0%, with unemployment increasing by 12,500.

In the United States, total non-farm payroll employment increased by 211,000 in November, in line with the strong employment gains in the U.S. over the past two months, Footnote 2 while the federal unemployment rate remained steady at 5.0%, its lowest level since 2008. Footnote 3 Average hourly earnings increased by 2.3% from November 2014 to November 2015, another contribution to a positive labour market report in the U.S. Despite concerns over a historically low participation rate of 62.5%, the Federal Reserve is considering raising interest rates in December for the first time in nearly a decade.

From November 2014 to November 2015, employment in Ontario increased by 34,100, with full-time employment expanding by 91,000 positions, but part-time employment losing 56,900 positions on a net basis. Unemployment fell by 9,100 over the year, with the unemployment rate edging down by 0.1 percentage point from 12 months ago, although the participation rate fell by 0.5 percentage points.

The Ontario unemployment rate for youth aged 15 to 24 was 1.6 percentage points lower than 12 months ago, but the participation and employment rates both remained below their level from a year ago, which may signal that youth have less confidence in finding jobs in the current labour market environment.

Ontario monthly labour force statistics
Seasonally adjusted monthly data November 2015 October 2015 November 2014 Monthly variation Yearly variation
Number % Number %
Population 15 + ('000) 11,436.0 11,425.7 11,311.0 10.3 0.1 125.0 1.1
Labour force ('000) 7,444.8 7,441.3 7,419.7 3.5 0.0 25.1 0.3
Employment ('000) 6,930.8 6,937.2 6,896.7 -6.4 -0.1 34.1 0.5
Full-time ('000) 5,640.4 5,634.7 5,549.4 5.7 0.1 91.0 1.6
Part-time ('000) 1,290.4 1,302.4 1,347.3 -12.0 -0.9 -56.9 -4.2
Unemployment ('000) 513.9 504.2 523.0 9.7 1.9 -9.1 -1.7
Unemployment rate (%) 6.9 6.8 7.0 0.1 - -0.1 -
Participation rate (%) 65.1 65.1 65.6 0.0 - -0.5 -
Employment rate (%) 60.6 60.7 61.0 -0.1 - -0.4 -

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0087

Ontario monthly employment and unemployment rate
Ontario monthly employment and unemployment rate. The data table for this graph is located below
Show data table Ontario monthly employment and unemployment rate
Ontario monthly employment and unemployment rate
Unemployment rate (%) Employment ('000)
Nov 2013 7.4 6,856.1
Dec 2013 7.7 6,847.3
Jan 2013 7.4 6,841.9
Feb 2014 7.5 6,861.1
Mar 2014 7.3 6,865.1
Apr 2014 7.3 6,876.3
May 2014 7.2 6,878.7
Jun 2014 7.3 6,853.5
Jul 2014 7.5 6,878.3
Aug 2014 7.3 6,877.9
Sep 2014 7.3 6,880.9
Oct 2014 6.7 6,929.7
Nov 2014 7.0 6,896.7
Dec 2014 7.0 6,885.0
Jan 2015 6.9 6,886.3
Feb 2015 6.9 6,900.1
Mar 2015 6.9 6,902.1
Apr 2015 6.8 6,887.8
May 2015 6.5 6,931.7
Jun 2015 6.5 6,945.7
Jul 2015 6.4 6,945.7
Aug 2015 6.4 6,945.7
Sep 2015 6.9 6,908.0
Oct 2015 6.8 6,937.2
Nov 2015 6.9 6,930.8

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey

Ontario monthly unemployment rates, by gender and age
Seasonally adjusted data November 2015
%
October 2015
%
November 2014
%
Monthly variation
(% points)
Yearly variation
(% points)
Total 6.9 6.8 7.0 0.1 -0.1
25 years and over 5.7 5.4 5.5 0.3 0.2
Men - 25 years and over 5.6 5.3 5.7 0.3 -0.1
Women - 25 years and over 5.9 5.4 5.4 0.5 0.5
15 to 24 years 14.0 15.0 15.6 -1.0 -1.6
Men - 15 to 24 years 15.6 17.2 16.5 -1.6 -0.9
Women - 15 to 24 years 12.4 12.8 14.8 -0.4 -2.4

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0087

Employment by industry

Employment increased in the goods-producing sector for the first time in four months

Employment in the goods-producing sector increased by 14,600 in November 2015, its first improvement since July. Gains were mostly realized in construction, where employment rose by 15,400 over the previous month.

Despite a few setbacks, employment in the construction industry in Ontario has been generally increasing in 2015. The strength of the industry is supported by the increase in the value of building permits between the third quarters of 2014 and 2015.Footnote 4 In addition, funding announcements by the provincial government for various projects should help sustain employment in the industry going forward. These include an investment of $560M in highway infrastructure through the Northern Highways Program Footnote 5and $498M to build 30 new schools and to renovate 26 existing ones in order to create 2,135 new child care spaces across Ontario. Footnote 6

Employment in manufacturing slipped by 1,300 in November, despite higher provincial manufacturing sales in the third quarter of 2015 compared to the same period in 2014.Footnote 7 Support for the industry included the Government of Ontario¿s investment of $1M in Super-Pufft Snacks Corporation in Mississauga to help double its production capacity, adding 34 new jobs and retaining 304 positions. Footnote 8However, the industry will undergo a number of layoffs in the near future, with news that the Kraft Heinz Company will be closing its St. Marys facility affecting 214 employees,Footnote 9 Maple Leaf Foods announcing it will cut 400 jobs from its Canadian workforce with the brunt of the layoffs at the Mississauga head office,Footnote 10 and ContiTech AG, the former Goodyear plant, closing its rubber plant in Bowmanville in 2016, which will affect 135 workers.Footnote 11

Between November 2014 and November 2015, employment in the goods-producing sector rose by 25,700, with significant gains from the construction industry (+34,000), but losses in manufacturing (-5,700).

Employment declined in the services-producing sector for the second time in three months

Employment decreased by 21,000 in the services-producing sector in November, marking the second loss in three months. The business, building and other support services had the largest decline (-10,900), while employment in the trade industry also fell (-9,100). The professional, scientific and technical services recorded the largest gain (+11,700) among services-producing industries.

Despite the decline in employment, there were several positive developments in the trade industry in November. The Clock Tower Centre in Bracebridge opened a shopping centre featuring 14 new retail and office spaces,Footnote 12 and Zara, a Spanish retailer, reopened its CF Toronto Eaton Centre store, doubling its size with the addition of a second level.Footnote 13 Going forward, employment in the industry may improve in 2016 as IKEA Canada is set to open a new pick-up and order point in Kitchener which will hire 30 to 35 staff,Footnote 14 Sunripe, a food retailer, plans to open a second location in London in March, Footnote 15and construction is currently underway at the new Foodland grocery store site in Wiarton which is expected to have 70 full-time employees and as many as 110 during the summer season when it opens. Footnote 16

The public administration industry posted a decrease (-2,300) in November, as temporary increases in part-time work related to the recent federal election were phased out.

From November 2014 to November 2015, employment in the services-producing sector increased by 8,400, with a large increase in professional, scientific and technical services (+30,900) tempered by losses in public administration (-21,800) and information, culture and recreation (-18,700).

Ontario monthly labour force statistics, by industry
Seasonally adjusted data ('000) November 2015 October 2015 November 2014 Monthly variation Yearly variation
Number % Number %
Total employed, all industries 6,930.8 6,937.2 6,896.7 -6.4 -0.1 34.1 0.5
Goods-producing sector 1,411.4 1,396.8 1,385.7 14.6 1.0 25.7 1.9
Agriculture 78.8 76.8 81.3 2.0 2.6 -2.5 -3.1
Forestry, fishing, mining, quarrying, oil and gas 44.1 44.5 37.7 -0.4 -0.9 6.4 17.0
Utilities 44.1 45.2 50.6 -1.1 -2.4 -6.5 -12.8
Construction 499.7 484.3 465.7 15.4 3.2 34.0 7.3
Manufacturing 744.7 746.0 750.4 -1.3 -0.2 -5.7 -0.8
Services-producing sector 5,519.4 5,540.4 5,511.0 -21.0 -0.4 8.4 0.2
Trade 1,027.4 1,036.5 1,040.6 -9.1 -0.9 -13.2 -1.3
Transportation and warehousing 330.9 329.0 315.2 1.9 0.6 15.7 5.0
Finance, insurance, real estate and leasing 549.4 552.4 526.7 -3.0 -0.5 22.7 4.3
Professional, scientific and technical services 587.2 575.5 556.3 11.7 2.0 30.9 5.6
Business, building and other support services 329.6 340.5 342.3 -10.9 -3.2 -12.7 -3.7
Educational services 504.6 501.1 503.1 3.5 0.7 1.5 0.3
Health care and social assistance 818.1 816.6 812.8 1.5 0.2 5.3 0.7
Information, culture and recreation 305.0 313.6 323.7 -8.6 -2.7 -18.7 -5.8
Accommodation and food services 444.6 440.1 449.7 4.5 1.0 -5.1 -1.1
Other services 278.5 288.7 274.8 -10.2 -3.5 3.7 1.3
Public administration 344.0 346.3 365.8 -2.3 -0.7 -21.8 -6.0

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0088

Regional analysis

Toronto led the province with solid job gains in November

The Toronto economic region continued to propel employment growth in Ontario with a gain of 109,800 between November 2014 and November 2015 (measured on a year-over-year seasonally unadjusted basis). The region has been at the forefront of job growth since the second quarter of 2015, with full-time employment climbing over the course of the year. The unemployment rate fell by 0.7 percentage points to 6.9% over the past year, as more people were able to secure a job.

Despite these gains, many workers in professional, technical, and head office functions received layoff notices set to take effect over the coming months. Bell Media will cut positions from its Toronto operations, mainly in production and editorial roles,Footnote 17 while Telus Corporation announced it will eliminate 1,500 positions nationwide.Footnote 18 Some of the nation¿s largest firms in broadcasting and telecommunications have been trimming costs over the last few quarters.Footnote 19 The industry is coping with a changing multimedia environment, stronger competition from new industry-wide regulations, Footnote 20and slower growth in western Canada.

Meanwhile Aimia Inc., a marketing and loyalty analytics firm, will shed 200 positions because of changes to credit card interchange rates and weaker billing from some of its key clients such as Aeroplan.Footnote 21 In addition, Maple Leaf Foods Inc. will cut about 200 jobs from its Mississauga head office as the company nears the end of its multi-year restructuring plan.Footnote 22

The Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula economic region remains one of the leading areas of employment growth in the province over the second half of the year. Employment and participation rates are also rising, a signal that the labour market could be gaining more traction heading into winter. Construction intentions have been strong in all three of the region¿s census metropolitan areas¿Hamilton,Footnote 23 Brantford Footnote 24and St. Catharines¿Niagara.Footnote 25 Work is currently underway to develop the Grimsby waterfront trail,Footnote 26 renovations have started at the Hamilton-Wentworth Detention Centre at a cost of $6M,Footnote 27 and the $60M FirstOntario Performing Arts Centre opened in downtown St. Catharines in November. Footnote 28Also in the works is a $22M expansion of the Goodman School of Business at Brock University Footnote 29and a new hospital in Niagara.Footnote 30

Between November 2014 and November 2015, employment also grew in the London economic region while employment held steady in the Kitchener-Waterloo-Barrie economic region.

Employment fell across most of the province in November

Employment continued to slide in northern and eastern Ontario. This has been the case for much of the second and third quarters of the year. Employment fell by a combined 60,800 in the Ottawa, Kingston-Pembroke, and Muskoka-Kawarhas economic regions between November 2014 and November 2015. Though employment dropped in all three of the regions, Muskoka¿Kawarthas bore the brunt of the losses, with the regional trade and business, building and other support services industries affected the most. In early November, Kanata-based WiLan announced that it would cut 30% of its workforce, most of which is in the Ottawa region.Footnote 31 EastWay911 Vehicles Ltd. closed its doors mid-month in Carleton Place,Footnote 32 and G.H. Metals closed its plant in Smiths Falls, affecting 23 employees.Footnote 33

Employment growth remained weak in the Northeast and Northwest economic regions, which are both being affected by lower commodity prices. Two large Sault Ste. Marie-based steel manufacturers, Essar Steel Algoma Inc.Footnote 34 and Tenaris AlgomaTubes Inc.,Footnote 35 have proceeded with layoffs recently. These layoffs have affected several hundred workers, although Tenaris has started recalling staff as of late November.Footnote 36 In addition, Rubicon Minerals Corporation suspended work on its Phoenix Gold Project in Red Lake due to project site issues, affecting 330 local workers.Footnote 37 However, there were positive developments elsewhere in the region. General Magnesium Corporation is moving forward on plans for its talc magnesium mine in Whitney Township that could see 200 workers by June 2016. Footnote 38In Sudbury, the Advanced Medical Research Institute of Canada started construction on a new facility at a cost of $15M,Footnote 39 while manufacturers Crofters Food Ltd.Footnote 40 and Three H Furniture Systems LimitedFootnote 41 are expanding operations elsewhere in the region.

Despite employment losses in the Stratford-Bruce Peninsula and Windsor-Sarnia economic regions, particularly in the trade industry, both areas saw some positive news in the transportation industry. Hayashi Canada Inc. is expanding its automotive parts plant at a cost of $12.5M in Stratford.Footnote 42 The manufacturer supplies the Toyota Canada Inc. assembly plants in Woodstock and Cambridge. In addition, Cavalier Tool and Manufacturing Ltd. will expand operations in Windsor to keep up with rising demand. Footnote 43

Ontario monthly labour force statistics, by economic region
3-month moving averages
seasonally unadjusted data
Employment Unemployment rate
November 2015
('000)
November 2014
('000)
Yearly variation
(%)
November 2015
('000)
November 2014
('000)
Yearly variation
(% points)
Ontario 6,936.9 6,914.3 0.3 6.4 6.5 -0.1
Economic Regions
Ottawa 687.8 700.6 -1.8 5.8 5.7 0.1
Kingston–Pembroke 198.8 212.6 -6.5 5.2 6.7 -1.5
Muskoka–Kawarthas 156.9 191.1 -17.9 6.6 4.7 1.9
Toronto 3,350.5 3,240.7 3.4 6.9 7.6 -0.7
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie 721.0 721.0 0.0 4.5 4.8 -0.3
Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula 722.6 708.2 2.0 6.0 5.3 0.7
London 334.2 323.6 3.3 6.1 6.3 -0.2
Windsor–Sarnia 285.2 301.4 -5.4 7.9 7.2 0.7
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula 133.5 152.4 -12.4 5.9 3.6 2.3
Northeast 248.4 260.9 -4.8 7.3 5.1 2.2
Northwest 97.9 101.8 -3.8 5.2 4.9 0.3

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding

Source: Statistics Canada Labour Force Survey – CANSIM Table 282-0122

Note

In preparing this document, the authors have taken care to provide clients with labour market information that is timely and accurate at the time of publication. Since labour market conditions are dynamic, some of the information presented here may have changed since this document was published. Users are encouraged to also refer to other sources for additional information on the local economy and labour market. Information contained in this document does not necessarily reflect official policies of Employment and Social Development Canada.

Prepared by: Labour Market Information (LMI) Division, Ontario
For further information, please contact the LMI team.
For information on the Labour Force Survey, please visit the Statistics Canada web site

Footnotes

Footnote 1

CBC News staff. (2015, December 4). Canada sheds 35,700 jobs in November, unemployment rate up to 7.1%. CBC News Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/business/jobs-canada-november-1.3350423

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Bureau of Labour Statistics staff. (2015, December 4). The Employment Situation - November 2015. Bureau of Labour Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.bls.gov/news.release/empsit.nr0.htm

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Gillespie, Patrick. (2015, December 4). Good news: U.S. economy adds another 211,000 jobs. CNN Money Retrieved from http://money.cnn.com/2015/12/04/news/economy/november-211000-jobs-added-us-economy/index.html

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 026-0006

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Ministry of Northern Development and Mines. (2015, November 18). Ontario investing in Northern Ontario Highways: Funding part of largest investment in province¿s history. Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from https://news.ontario.ca/omafra/en/2015/11/ontario-supporting-super-pufft-snacks-in-mississauga.html

Return to footnote5 referrer

Footnote 6

Ministry of Education. (2015, November 9). Ontario investing in 56 new and improved schools, 2,135 new licensed child care spaces. Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from https://news.ontario.ca/edu/en/2015/11/ontario-investing-in-56-new-and-improved-schools-2135-new-licensed-child-care-spaces.html

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Statistics Canada. CANSIM Table 304-0015

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Footnote 8

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs. (2015, November 25). Ontario Supporting Super-Pufft Snacks in Mississauga: Province Investing in Agri-Food Innovation and Growth . Ontario Newsroom. Retrieved from https://news.ontario.ca/omafra/en/2015/11/ontario-supporting-super-pufft-snacks-in-mississauga.html

Return to footnote 8 referrer

Footnote 9

CTV London staff. (2015, November 4). St. Marys plant among 7 Kraft Heinz factories closing in North America. CTV London. Retrieved from http://london.ctvnews.ca/st-marys-plant-among-7-kraft-heinz-factories-closing-in-north-america-1.2642929

Return to footnote 9 referrer

Footnote 10

Wright, L. (2015, November 25). Maple Leaf Foods cutting more than 400 jobs. The Star. Retrieved from http://www.thestar.com/business/2015/11/25/maple-leaf-foods-cutting-more-than-400-jobs.html

Return to footnote 10 referrer

Footnote 11

Durham Radio News staff. (2015, November 20). Bowmanville rubber plant to close and 135 people put out of work. Durhamradionews.com. Retrieved from http://www.durhamradionews.com/archives/84729

Return to footnote 11 referrer

Footnote 12

Muskoka Online staff. (2015, November 13). Bracebridge Clock Tower open for business. Muskokaonline.com. Retrieved from http://muskokaonline.com/Start/LocalNews/tabid/94/newsid458/9465/mid/458/Bracebridge-Clock-Tower-Open-for-Business/Default.aspx

Return to footnote 12 referrer

Footnote 13

Retail Insider staff. (2015, November 9). Zara opens 2nd largest Canadian location. Retail-insider.com. Retrieved from http://www.retail-insider.com/retail-insider/2015/11/zara

Return to footnote 13 referrer

Footnote 14

CBC News Staff. (2015, November 24). Ikea coming to Kitchener: Ikea to open smaller 'pick up and order point' in Kitchener location. CBC News. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/kitchener-waterloo/ikea-coming-to-kitchener-1.3332494

Return to footnote 14 referrer

Footnote 15

Morden, P. (2015, October 30). Company founded in Sarnia planning second London location. Ifpress.com. Retrieved from http://www.lfpress.com/2015/10/30/company-founded-in-sarnia-planning-second-london-location

Return to footnote 15 referrer

Footnote 16

Divinski, J. (2015, November 18). Foodland Noise Bylaw Exemption. Bayshorebroadcasting.ca. Retrieved from http://www.bayshorebroadcasting.ca/news_item.php?NewsID=79563

Return to footnote 16 referrer

Footnote 17

Bradshaw, J. (2015, November 05). Bell Media to cut 270 jobs in Toronto, 110 in Montreal. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/bell-media-to-cut-jobs-in-toronto-montreal/article27130545/

Return to footnote 17 referrer

Footnote 18

Friend, D. (2015, November 05). Telus cuts 1,500 jobs but boosts dividend 5%.. Toronto Star. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/2015/05/07/rogers-media-cutting-abou_n_7234880.html

Return to footnote 18 referrer

Footnote 19

Friend, D. (2015, May 07). Rogers Media To Cut 110 Jobs, Mostly At Omni TV The Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.thespec.com/news-story/6064183-hamilton-steelmaker-eyes-talent-for-future-workforce/

Return to footnote 19 referrer

Footnote 20

Nowak, P. (2015, May 27). Cellphone customers have bargaining power thanks to CRTC contract rule. CBC News. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/technology/cellphone-customers-have-bargaining-power-thanks-to-crtc-contract-rule-1.3087627

Return to footnote 20 referrer

Footnote 21

The Canadian Press. (2015, November 13). Aeroplan operator Aimia Inc. expects to lay off more than 200 employees by end of year.. Financial Post. Retrieved from http://business.financialpost.com/investing/aeroplan-operator-aimia-inc-expects-to-lay-off-more-than-200-employees-by-end-of-year

Return to footnote 21 referrer

Footnote 22

Wright, L. (2015, November 25). Maple Leaf Foods cutting more than 400 jobs. Toronto Star. Retrieved from http://www.thestar.com/business/2015/11/25/maple-leaf-foods-cutting-more-than-400-jobs.html

Return to footnote 22 referrer

Footnote 23

Arnold, S. (2015, November 12). City tops $1B in construction permits four years in a row. The Hamilton Spectator. Retrieved from http://www.thespec.com/news-story/6113638-city-tops-1b-mark-in-construction-permits-four-years-in-a-row/

Return to footnote 23 referrer

Footnote 24

Gamble, S. (2015, November 13). Brantford on track for banner year. Brantford Expositor. Retrieved from http://www.brantfordexpositor.ca/2015/11/13/brantford-on-track-for-banner-year

Return to footnote 24 referrer

Footnote 25

Statistics Canada, CANSIM, table 026-0006 and Catalogue no. 64-001-X Broadcasting Ltd.

Return to footnote 25 referrer

Footnote 26

Moore, A. (2015, December 02). Work progressing ahead of schedule on waterfront: mayor Niagara this Weelk. Retrieved from http://www.niagarathisweek.com/news-story/6155323-work-progressing-ahead-of-schedule-on-waterfront-mayor/

Return to footnote 26 referrer

Footnote 27

Newsroom. (2015, November 19). Province Investing in Hamilton Wentworth Detention Centre Government of Ontario. Retrieved from http://news.ontario.ca/mcscs/en/2015/11/province-investing-in-hamilton-wentworth-detention-centre.html

Return to footnote 27 referrer

Footnote 28

Walter, K. (2015, November 12). CLOSEUP: Opening puts arts centre in spotlight. St. Catharines Standard. Retrieved from http://www.stcatharinesstandard.ca/2015/11/12/opening-puts-arts-centre-in-spotlight

Return to footnote 28 referrer

Footnote 29

Fraser, D. (2015, December 02). BMO bucks for Brock business building St. Catharines Standard. Retrieved from http://www.stcatharinesstandard.ca/2015/12/02/bmo-bucks-for-brock-business-building

Return to footnote 29 referrer

Footnote 30

Spiteri, R. (2015, November 23). Hospital construction could being in 2016: Diodati. Niagara Falls Review. Retrieved from http://www.niagarafallsreview.ca/2015/11/23/hospital-construction-could-begin-in-2016-diodati

Return to footnote 30 referrer

Footnote 31

Ritchie, H. (2015, November 04). Ottawa tech company WiLan announces restructure and layoffs Ottawa Metro. Retrieved from http://www.metronews.ca/news/ottawa/2015/11/04/ottawa-company-wilan-announces-restructure-and-lay-offs.html

Return to footnote 31 referrer

Footnote 32

CBC News. (2015, November 11). Eastway911 shuts down suddenly, leaving employees 'blindsided'. CBC News. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/ottawa/carleton-place-company-shuts-down-suddenly-1.3314864

Return to footnote 32 referrer

Footnote 33

discoversmithsfalls. (2015, November 06). After 23 years G.H. Metals in Smiths Falls shuts down its manufacturing plant in Smiths Falls. discoversmithsfalls. Retrieved from http://www.discoversmithsfalls.ca/23-years-g-h-metals-smiths-falls-shuts-manufacturing-plant-smiths-falls/

Return to footnote 33 referrer

Footnote 34

Keenan, G. and McGugan, I. (2015, November 09). Algoma granted creditor protection again amid plunging steel prices. The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from http://www.theglobeandmail.com/report-on-business/industry-news/energy-and-resources/algoma-files-for-protection-again-amid-collapse-of-steel-prices/article27172638/

Return to footnote 34 referrer

Footnote 35

Armstrong, K. (2015, October 15). Tenaris confirms 230 layoffs (updated). SooToday. Retrieved from http://www.sootoday.com/content/news/details.asp?c=99317

Return to footnote 35 referrer

Footnote 36

Keenan, G. and McGugan, I. (2015, November 09). Recession hits steel in Sault, mining supply in Sudbury CBC News. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/sudbury/northern-ontario-economic-downturn-1.3283373

Return to footnote 36 referrer

Footnote 37

CBC News. (2015, November 03).Rubicon Minerals lays off 330 as Phoenix Gold Project in Red Lake, Ontario halted. CBC News. Retrieved from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/thunder-bay/rubicon-minerals-phoenix-gold-project-1.3301827

Return to footnote 37 referrer

Footnote 38

Grech, R. (2015, November 14). General Magnesium signs deal to process ore. Timmins Press. Retrieved from http://www.timminspress.com/2015/11/14/general-magnesium-signs-deal-to-process-ore

Return to footnote 38 referrer

Footnote 39

Mulligan, C. (2015, November 19). Mulligan, C. (2015, November 19). Sudbury Star. Retrieved from http://www.thesudburystar.com/2015/11/19/sudbury-research-centre-to-break-ground-friday

Return to footnote 39 referrer

Footnote 40

Newsroom. (2015, November 02). Ontario Investing in Parry Sound Organic Food Manufacturer. Government of Ontario. Retrieved from https://news.ontario.ca/mndmf/en/2015/11/ontario-investing-in-parry-sound-organic-food-manufacturer.html

Return to footnote 40 referrer

Footnote 41

Ross, I. (2015, November 02). Three H Furniture expanding, hiring. Northern Ontario Business. Retrieved from http://www.northernontariobusiness.com/Industry-News/engineering/2015/11/Three-H-Furniture-expanding,-hiring.aspx

Return to footnote 41 referrer

Footnote 42

Rice, S. (2015, November 18). More auto manufacturing jobs on the way to Stratford Stratford Beacon Herald. Retrieved from http://www.stratfordbeaconherald.com/2015/11/17/more-auto-manufacturing-jobs-on-the-way-to-stratford

Return to footnote 42 referrer

Footnote 43

Macaluso, G. (2015, November 16). Cavalier Tool expands to keep pace with booming sales. Windsor Star. Retrieved from http://windsorstar.com/business/local-business/cavalier-tool-expands-to-keep-pace-with-booming-sales

Return to footnote 43 referrer

Date modified: