Explore Careers by Essential Skills
The essential skills profiles can:
- Help determine, based on skill sets, which career may best suit a particular individual.
- Assist job seekers to write a résumé or prepare for a job interview.
- Help employers to create a job posting.
Employers place a strong emphasis on essential skills in the workplace. Essential skills are used in nearly every occupation, and are seen as 'building blocks' because people build on them to learn all other skills.
Each profile contains a list of example tasks that illustrate how each of the 9 essential skill is generally performed by the majority of workers in an occupation. The estimated complexity levels for each task, between 1 (basic) and 5 (advanced), may vary based on the requirements of the workplace.
Assemblers and Inspectors, Electrical Appliance, Apparatus and Equipment Manufacturing (NOC 9524)
Assemblers in this unit group assemble prefabricated parts to produce household, commercial and industrial appliances and equipment. Inspectors in this unit group inspect and test assembled products. Workers who set up and prepare assembly lines for operation are included in this unit group. Workers in this unit group are employed by electrical appliance and electrical equipment manufacturing companies.
- Read notes from their supervisor to receive instructions on such matters as procedural changes and run quantities. (1)
- Read health and safety notices posted on bulletin boards to apply safe working practices on the job. (2)
- Refer to the comments section in quality assurance binders to find out why parts are not available and what may be used as replacement parts. (2)
- May read company newsletters to stay abreast of corporate news. (2)
- May read bulletins from the International Standards Organization (ISO) and the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) to interpret and apply quality standards in the performance of their job tasks. (3)
- May read defect reports to ensure product quality. (3)
- Read parts lists prepared by the leadhand to ensure that the parts necessary for each assembly are on hand. (1)
- Complete assembly checklists to ensure that all components have been installed in each unit. (1)
- Read Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) labels on products, such as argon gases and thinners, to follow safety procedures. (2)
- Read schedules posted by the manufacturer to receive work assignments. (2)
- Interpret assembly drawings to verify measurements and the sequence to be followed in assembling prefabricated parts. (3)
- Interpret blueprints to ascertain the assembly requirements of specific components. (3)
- Write reminder notes to themselves and others about what is to be done. (1)
- Complete a variety of forms, such as part count forms, warranty cards, time cards, non-conformance reports and witness test sheets, to record information about the use of material and human resources in assembling products. (2)
- Write status reports to describe defects and problems encountered in the performance of quality audits. (3)
- Write a failure mode and effects analysis report to describe product performance tests completed and the corresponding results, justifying the claims made about parts failures. (4)
- Monitor production schedules by recording the number of assemblies completed at a given time. (1)
- May collaboratively schedule work assignments during team meetings, determining who will do what and how long it should take, and then individually schedule their own work accordingly. (2)
- May take measurements to perform such tasks as cutting wire to specific lengths or marking where to cut holes on sheet metal for the wiring. (1)
- Measure the angles of assemblies using a protractor. (2)
- May take precise measurements using specialized measurement equipment, such as micrometers and scaling resistors, to ensure that appliances and equipment are in conformance with quality standards. (3)
- May compare data obtained from testing equipment to specification limits in ensuring product quality. (1)
- Estimate how much time an overrun will take. (2)
- Estimate the number of stock items required for a two-week period to ensure continuous operation of assembly lines. (2)
- Listen to announcements made by the leadhand, foreperson or operations manager to receive information. (1)
- Interact with their leadhand or supervisor to receive parts lists, discuss quality problems and advise them when they are leaving their work station. (1)
- May interact with suppliers to obtain information on the availability of parts or to explain rejection reports. (1)
- Communicate with co-workers during the course of the shift to exchange information and troubleshoot assembly problems. (2)
- Communicate with employees at all levels of the company during production meetings to discuss work processes and quality problems. (2)
- Present proposed solutions to problems and suggestions for improving work processes to lead hands or supervisors. (3)
- May find that equipment such as a glue gun is not working properly. They refer to the schematic if taking the equipment apart seems necessary. (1)
- May realize that a rivet does not fit. They check the pick list (i.e., parts list provided by the leadhand) to verify whether they are using the prescribed rivet and, if they are, cross reference the original documentation on material requirements to determine whether the part number was transferred correctly. (2)
- May be unable to secure the parts shown on the pick list. They identify what other parts may be used as substitutes and where to find these parts efficiently to maintain production. (2)
- May perform tests indicating that there is insufficient current passing through an electrical control panel that they have just assembled. They conduct additional tests and review schematic diagrams to determine the root cause of the problem and repair it, consulting with more experienced assemblers or their supervisors if necessary. (3)
- May trace technical problems to the product's design when new designs are first introduced. They learn more about the problem and identify possible solutions, sharing this information with the design technicians or engineers. (3)
- Decide whether to use a part not specified in the schematic, for example, a screw. (1)
- Decide what replacement parts to use when the prescribed parts are not available, considering the impact on quality. (2)
- May decide the timing and sample size for performance of quality audits. (2)
- Decide the most effective way to assemble and wire components, such as refrigerator motors. (3)
- Decide whether the products assembled meet quality standards when they have been modified slightly from the blueprinted design. (3)
Critical Thinking information was not collected for this profile.Job Task Planning and Organizing
Own Job Planning and Organizing
Assemblers and inspectors in electrical appliance, apparatus and equipment manufacturing perform repetitive tasks. Job rotation is often used to reduce boredom by adding a measure of variety. Their work priorities and deadlines are often set by others, such as leadhands and supervisors. In companies which have adopted team principles, work priorities, assignments and production schedules are set during daily team meetings. (2)
Planning and Organizing for Others
Most assemblers using work benches are responsible for sequencing their own job tasks and the choices made in this regard impact efficiency. On the other hand, most assemblers working on assembly lines do little planning and organizing of their job tasks. Most inspectors and testers have wide scope to determine the order of their tasks to ensure product quality. The day's work plan is often disrupted by mechanical and quality problems which must be resolved before returning to their work plan. Some co-ordination of their work plan with the work of co-workers and supervisors is required. (2)Significant Use of Memory
- Remember parts numbers of frequently used parts.
- Memorize specified tolerances to ensure that products meet quality standards.
- Recall the assembly process for different models of appliances to maximize efficiency.
- Refer to assembly drawings to find information on the sequence of tasks required to assemble appliances. (1)
- Refer to documents on material requirements to find out whether the parts list is accurate. (1) speak with their foreperson or co-workers to find information on how to troubleshoot problems. (2)
- May use computer-controlled equipment. For example, they may calibrate instruments and scan bar codes. (1)
- They may produce forms. (2)
- They search for parts data, enter data and print out labels to affix to completed products. (2)
- They may prepare forms, such as the rejection report. (2)
Working with Others
Most assemblers and inspectors in electrical appliance, apparatus and equipment manufacturing work independently, as part of the overall production team under the direction of a leadhand, foreperson or production manager. They may work with a partner or helper, for example, to perform tasks which require heavy lifting. Inspectors and testers co-ordinate their work with assemblers to ensure product quality. Some assemblers and inspectors in electrical appliance, apparatus and equipment manufacturing work in a team environment and participate in daily team meetings to establish priorities and allocate work.Continuous Learning
Assemblers and inspectors in electrical appliance, apparatus and equipment manufacturing have a need for ongoing learning to stay abreast of changing equipment, product specifications and safety regulations. They often acquire new learning through informal means as part of regular work activity by exchanging information with co-workers. Some participate in training offered in the workplace, such as courses on refrigeration and welding. Assemblers who want to progress to inspecting and testing positions may participate in preparatory courses, such as blueprint reading and problem solving.
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