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Essential skills profile

This profile contains a list of example tasks that illustrate how each of the 9 essential skills is generally performed by most workers in this occupation. The levels of complexity estimated for each task are ranked between 1 (basic) and 5 (advanced).

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Painters and Coaters - Industrial (9536)

Painters and coaters in this unit group tend and operate machines or use brushes and spray equipment to apply paint, enamel, lacquer or other non-metallic protective and decorative coatings to surfaces of various products. They are employed by manufacturing companies, specialized coating shops and refinishing establishments.

Reading Help - Reading
  • Read instructions and warnings that appear on cans of paints, thinners and cleaners. (1)
  • Read bulletins from paint manufacturers to learn about new products or new directions for applying products. (1)
  • Read memos and notices regarding health and safety. (2)
  • Read material safety data sheets (MSDS) to obtain information about chemical composition and the safe use of products. (3)
  • Read manuals for information on the use of tools and equipment. (3)
  • Read contracts showing specifications of jobs and the liabilities which apply. (3)
Document use Help - Document use
  • Read hazard signs, and signs regarding the use of protective equipment, such as safety glasses and gloves. (1)
  • Read product labels and paint codes. (2)
  • Read forms, such as inspection forms and shipping forms, from suppliers. (2)
  • Read tables giving information on paint preparation. (2)
  • Read work schedules to verify shifts and to see if any overtime is available. (2)
  • Complete invoices to clients. (2)
  • Complete order forms. (2)
  • Make entries in tables to record information about a paint mix, such as dye lot numbers, application times and temperatures. (2)
  • Complete quality assurance forms. (2)
  • Read blueprints to review the specifications of jobs. (3)
  • May take measurements from scale drawings to reproduce designs or decals on surfaces, such as auto bodies. (3)
  • Read assembly drawings in order to reassemble parts if they are taken apart to be painted different colours. (3)
  • Read schematic drawings of equipment such as spray guns. (3)
Writing Help - Writing
  • Write reminder notes to themselves. (1)
  • Complete time logs to record the progress of jobs. (1)
  • Complete order forms for special requests of materials. (1)
  • Write notes to supervisors or co-workers to advise them on the depletion of stock or the status of jobs. (1)
  • May write notes to record their experience with new materials being tested for manufacturers. (1)
Numeracy Help - Numeracy Money Math
  • May calculate invoices to clients, taking into account the number of gallons of paint used and the hours of labour multiplied by the hourly rate. (2)
Scheduling, Budgeting and Accounting Math
  • May prepare a schedule for a job when acting as a leadhand, determining the number of employees needed to complete the job and the time frame for completion. (2)
Measurement and Calculation Math
  • May measure designs and decals to be painted on pieces, such as car hoods. (1)
  • Take readings on gauges, such as the gauges on electrostatic drying guns, and compare to operational standards for the gauges. (1)
  • Calculate the quantity of paint required to complete a job, based on the area of the surface to be painted. (2)
  • May take exact measurements on items where painting is to be placed to minute specifications, such as identification markings on aircraft. (3)
Numerical Estimation
  • May estimate the quantity of paint required to complete a job, based on "eyeballing" and past experience. (1)
  • As a leadhand, may estimate the time required to complete a job, for instance, the time needed to paint a number of vehicles. (2)
Oral communication Help - Oral communication
  • May give simple instructions to apprentices or helpers. (1)
  • Interact with co-workers to co-ordinate work and discuss problems. (1)
  • Communicate with supervisors to receive or clarify schedules and to discuss changes in work orders. (1)
  • Discuss job requirements with customers, such as the brand and colour of paint to be used. (1)
  • Contact suppliers to check on product availability, confirm shipments and discuss the quality of products. (1)
Thinking Help - Thinking Problem Solving
  • May find that colours are not consistent throughout a job. They may add another coat of paint to make sure all pieces look the same. (1)
  • May find that supplies of paint run out before an order is complete. They check storerooms to locate more cans or call suppliers on an urgent basis. (1)
  • May find that surfaces to be painted are pitted and therefore will not accept the paint. They either sand the piece or send it back to other workers for rework. (2)
  • May encounter failures of equipment such as sand blasters. They refer to manuals to identify the problem. They do the repair themselves, if possible, call on service personnel or order new parts. (2)
  • May encounter scheduling problems. For example, when working offsite with a customer and circumstances lead to a stop in a painting job, other jobs must be rescheduled to fill the time slot that has suddenly become open. (2)
Decision Making
  • Decide if items need to be washed or sanded before painting. (1)
  • Decide which type of paint is most suited to different types of surfaces. (1)
  • Decide how much drying time is needed between coats of paint. (1)
  • Decide whether to change the paint mixture by adding an ingredient. (2)
  • Decide whether to substitute a different type of primer for the remainder of an order if a specified primer runs out. (2)
  • May decide whether they have enough expertise and enough time available to repair extensive damage to a painted surface or whether they should refer the job to others more familiar with such work. The wrong decision can lead to cost overruns. (3)
Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking information was not collected for this profile.

Job Task Planning and Organizing

While schedules are generally set by production supervisors, painters and coaters - industrial prioritize their own job tasks to meet deadlines. They may work on several projects at once, preparing and priming for one project while the paint on another project dries. Interruptions may occur to respond to rush jobs. They co-ordinate their activities with co-workers, with whom they may have to share tools, equipment and work space. They plan resource requirements several weeks in advance in order to have adequate levels of supplies to complete present jobs and upcoming projects. (3)

Finding Information
  • Refer to catalogues to locate parts numbers and product codes. (1)
  • Refer to technical materials, such as manuals and material safety data sheets (MSDS), to get information on the properties of paints and primers and instructions for proper use. (2)
  • Contact suppliers, supervisors or co-workers to get information on how to solve a quality problem with a product. (2)
Digital technology Help - Digital technology
  • Use computer-operated machinery. For example, they may use computer time clocks that automatically calculate time spent per job when cards are passed through scanners. (1)
Additional information Help - Additional information Other Essential Skills:

Working with Others

Painters and coaters - Industrial, mainly work independently. They may work with a partner to move large pieces. They are members of a team, often working in a production line and collaborating with one another to resolve quality problems.

Continuous Learning

Painters and coaters - industrial, learn on the job. They may read a variety of materials to learn about new products and equipment. They take safety courses, such as training in the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System (WHMIS) and in proper use of respirators and other safety equipment.

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