Job prospects Psychologist in Québec
Job opportunities for Psychologists (NOC 4151) are good in Québec over the next 3 years. These job prospects are also applicable to people working as a psychologist.
Note that these employment prospects were published in December 2019 based on information available at that time. You can read our new special report to learn about the impact of COVID-19 on some occupations in your province or territory. You can also visit the Canadian Online Job Posting Dashboard to find the latest data on the demand and work requirements for this occupation.
Job opportunities in Québec
The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in Québec for the 2019-2021 period.
The following factors contributed to this outlook:
- Employment is expected to remain relatively stable.
- Several positions will become available due to retirements.
- There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.
Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.
The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.
Here are some key facts about Psychologists in Québec:
- Approximately 8,050 people work in this occupation.
- Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
- Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 56%
- Hospitals (NAICS 622): 17%
- Elementary and secondary schools (NAICS 6111): 11%
- The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
- Full-time workers: 64% compared to 80% for all occupations
- Part-time workers: 36% compared to 20% for all occupations
- 46% of psychologists work all year, while 54% work only part of the year, compared to 58% and 42% respectively among all occupations. Those who worked only part of the year did so for an average of 40 weeks compared to 33 weeks for all occupations.
- 46% of psychologists are self-employed compared to an average of 12% for all occupations.
Breakdown by region
Explore job prospects in Québec by economic region.
|Abitibi-Témiscamingue Region||Undetermined Undetermined|
|Bas-Saint-Laurent Region||Fair Fair|
|Capitale-Nationale Region||Good Good|
|Centre-du-Québec Region||Fair Fair|
|Chaudière-Appalaches Region||Undetermined Undetermined|
|Côte-Nord Region||Undetermined Undetermined|
|Estrie Region||Good Good|
|Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine Region||Undetermined Undetermined|
|Lanaudière Region||Good Good|
|Laurentides Region||Good Good|
|Laval Region||Good Good|
|Mauricie Region||Fair Fair|
|Montréal Region||Good Good|
|Montérégie Region||Good Good|
|Nord-du-Québec Region||Undetermined Undetermined|
|Outaouais Region||Good Good|
|Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean Region||Fair Fair|
You can also look at this data on a map. Go to LMI Explore
Job prospects elsewhere in Canada
We expect that there will be a labour SHORTAGE for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in Canada over the next 10 years.
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