Job prospects General Farm Worker in Québec
Job opportunities for General farm workers (NOC 8431) are fair in Québec over the next 3 years. These job prospects are also applicable to people working as a general farm worker.
Note: These employment prospects were published in December 2021 based on the information available at the time of analysis. The next update will be in December 2022. To learn more, see our FAQs. You can also find additional information on the Canadian Online Job Posting Dashboard.
Job opportunities in Québec
The employment outlook will be fair for General farm workers (NOC 8431) in Québec for the 2021-2023 period.
The following factors contributed to this outlook:
- Employment growth will lead to a moderate number of new positions. Part of this growth is attributable to the recovery of losses suffered during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- Not many positions will become available due to retirements.
- There are several unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.
It is possible to work in this occupation without any specific training. However, a high school diploma or a diploma of vocational studies in Grandes cultures [field crops], Production animale [animal production] or Production acéricole [maple syrup production] (all three offered in French only) can facilitate access. Basic knowledge of farm machinery maintenance and a class 8 driver's licence (tractors) from the Société de l'assurance automobile du Québec are often required. Employers are looking for reliable people who are able to work as part of a team. Candidates must also be physically fit, have manual dexterity and be able to handle heavy loads.
In agriculture, farm size has increased and there is a continued concentration of activity on large farms. As a result, productivity gains from investments in equipment and the increased use of farm machinery are reducing labour requirements. Nevertheless, the industry must rely on foreign workers to fill available jobs, including many temporary positions during the summer. The automation and robotization of the processes used in agricultural production could ramp up to reduce labour requirements and the risk of COVID-19 outbreaks due to the physical proximity of farm workers. Growing public interest in healthy eating, environmental protection, buying local and short-channel marketing is fostering the establishment of small-scale organic vegetable and livestock operations. These new trends are creating additional employment opportunities for the occupation, even though these niches still represent only a small proportion of current production.
While it will be good elsewhere, the employment outlook for this occupation will be fair in the following region:
- Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine, due to a higher proportion of unemployed workers
Here are some key facts about General farm workers in Québec:
- Approximately 18,550 people work in this occupation.
- General farm workers mainly work in the following sectors:
- Agriculture (NAICS 111, 112, 1151, 1152): 91%
- The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
- Full-time workers: 75% compared to 80% for all occupations
- Part-time workers: 25% compared to 20% for all occupations
- 52% of general farm workers work all year, while 48% work only part of the year, compared to 58% and 42% respectively among all occupations. Those who worked only part of the year did so for an average of 26 weeks compared to 33 weeks for all occupations.
- 17% of general farm workers are self-employed compared to an average of 12% for all occupations.
Breakdown by region
Explore job prospects in Québec by economic region.
|Abitibi-Témiscamingue Region||Fair Fair|
|Bas-Saint-Laurent Region||Fair Fair|
|Capitale-Nationale Region||Fair Fair|
|Centre-du-Québec Region||Fair Fair|
|Chaudière-Appalaches Region||Fair Fair|
|Côte-Nord Region||Fair Fair|
|Estrie Region||Fair Fair|
|Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine Region||Limited Limited|
|Lanaudière Region||Fair Fair|
|Laurentides Region||Fair Fair|
|Laval Region||Fair Fair|
|Mauricie Region||Fair Fair|
|Montréal Region||Fair Fair|
|Montérégie Region||Fair Fair|
|Nord-du-Québec Region||Fair Fair|
|Outaouais Region||Fair Fair|
|Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean Region||Fair Fair|
You can also look at this data on a map. Go to LMI Explore
Labour market conditions over the next 10 years
We expect that the labour supply and demand for General farm workers (NOC 8431) will be balanced in Canada over the next 10 years.
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