How are wages displayed on Job Bank?
For most occupations on the Job Bank website, a minimum, median and maximum wage estimates are displayed.
The median is used as the indicator of the prevailing wage for each occupation. The prevailing wages are intended to be representative of the earning of a typical worker in a specific occupation, regardless of his/her industry.
In Canada, all jobs are associated with one specific occupational grouping which is determined by the National Occupational Classification.
The objective is to determine wage data at the most possible detailed occupational level for various geography levels (national, provincial/territorial and economic region).
Who sets the wages that are available on Job Bank?
The wages are calculated using a standard approach developed by Employment and Social Development Canada and the Service Canada regional offices, in consultation with Statistics Canada.
What sources of data are used to calculate wages on Job Bank?
The primary source of wage data is Statistics Canada's Labour Force Survey, when sufficient data are available for a particular occupation. The Labour Force Survey is the most inclusive, timely and unbiased source of wage data by occupational group.
Sometimes, Labour Force Survey data are not available for calculating wages and other sources are considered. The Labour Force Survey is conducted using a sample of respondents and data may be suppressed for reasons of confidentiality or data quality.
Other sources used to determine the wages include: Employment Insurance survey data, provincial wage surveys, the Census and collective bargaining agreements.
Depending on data availability and reliability, it may be necessary to use a different source from one year to the next.
How are the wages on the Job Bank calculated?
Wages are determined following a comparative analysis of the wage information available from different sources. With the collaboration of Service Canada regional offices, wage data are also verified to ensure regional consistency and to evaluate changes in the data over time. The method used to calculate the wages incorporates data quality checks, including:
- a minimum sample size;
- a measure of dispersion;
- review on an annual basis; and
- the implementation of recognized principles regarding rounding, reference periods, annual salaries and minimum wages.
In addition, wages may have been adjusted to reflect the current minimum wage in a province. Minimum wages are the minimum hourly wage rates set by the provinces and territories in Canada for adult workers. Any upward revisions of minimum wages by provinces and territories are also reflected on the Job Bank website, for all wages that are below the minimum wage following the wage calculation.
What are the median, low and high wage?
Job Bank uses the median as the indicator of the prevailing wage for each occupation. The median wage is the point at which half of the workers had an equal or higher wage and half had an equal or lower wage, when wages are arranged in numerical order. The median wage is preferred over the average wage because it is less sensitive to extreme wage values and more representative of the typical worker's salary.
The low wage, in most cases, corresponds to the 10th percentile; for example, if the low wage is $10.50/hour, this means that 90% of the workers in the occupation earn $10.50/hour or more.
The high wage, in most cases, corresponds to the 90th percentile; for example, if the high wage is $40.00/hour, this means that 90% of the workers in the occupation earn $40.00/hour or less.
For the Alberta Wage and Salary Survey, the low wage corresponds to the 5th percentile and the high wage corresponds to the 95th percentile.
How can the low wage or the high wage be equal to the median wage?
The median wage represents the middle point of the wage distribution. The low or high wage can be equal or very close to the median wage when a significant share of the workers within an occupation earns wages that are very similar to either the high or low wage.
How often will wages be updated on the Job Bank Web site?
Wages are reviewed and updated on the Job Bank website on an annual basis. Wages are also adjusted to reflect the current minimum wage in a province or a territory.
How are the wage data used by the Temporary Foreign Worker Program?
The Temporary Foreign Worker Program assists employers in filling their genuine skill and labour requirements, on a temporary basis, when qualified Canadians and permanent residents are not available.
Employers looking to hire foreign nationals through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program may refer to the following website to learn how Job Bank wage data is used in the assessment of Labour Market Impact Assessment applications.
Employers applying for staff positions located in Quebec should review the Hiring in the province of Quebec section.
Note: In preparing these wages, the authors have taken care to provide clients with labour market information that is timely and accurate at the time of publication. Since labour market conditions are dynamic, some of the information presented may have changed since the wages were determined.
For more information on how the wages are calculated, please contact the Labour Market Information division at: NC-LMI-IMT-GD@hrsdc-rhdcc.gc.ca
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