Job prospects Secondary School Teacher in Canada
People working as a secondary school teacher have different job prospects depending on where they work in Canada. Find out what the future holds for them in your province or territory. These prospects are applicable to all Secondary school teachers (NOC 4031).
Note that these employment prospects were published in December 2019 based on information available at that time. You can read our new special report to learn about the impact of COVID-19 on some occupations in your province or territory. You can also visit the Canadian Online Job Posting Dashboard to find the latest data on the demand and work requirements for this occupation.
Job opportunities over the next 3 years
Explore future job prospects by province and territory.
|Newfoundland and Labrador||Fair Fair|
|Prince Edward Island||Fair Fair|
|Nova Scotia||Fair Fair|
|New Brunswick||Fair Fair|
|British Columbia||Good Good|
|Yukon Territory||Fair Fair|
|Northwest Territories||Fair Fair|
You can also look at this data on a map. Go to LMI Explore
Labour market conditions over the next 10 years
Take a closer look at the projected labour demand and supply for this occupation over the 2019-2028 period. For more information on future job trends, go to the Canadian Occupational Projections System.
BALANCE: Labour demand and labour supply are expected to be broadly in line for this occupation group over the 2019-2028 period at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Employment in 2018
Median age of workers in 2018
Average retirement age in 2018
In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2019-2028) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2019-2028. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.
Over the 2016-2018 period, labour market conditions have not changed significantly for this occupational group. Employment declined slightly, which was reflected in a small increase in the unemployment rate, reaching 5.2% in 2018. On the other hand, the number of job vacancies increased mildly, but only in 2018. As a result, the number of unemployed available to fill those vacant positions remained relatively stable over the past three years. Nevertheless, the jobless rate remained below the national average of 5.8%. It is important to highlight that seasonality plays an important role in the availability of workers in this occupation. In fact, during typical school months (usually September to June), the unemployment rate is often half the average in other occupations. Hence, the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was sufficient to fill the job openings in this occupational group.
For Secondary school teachers, over the period 2019-2028, new job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 50,200 , while 53,700 new job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill them.
As job openings and job seekers are projected to be at relatively similar levels over the 2019-2028 period, the balance between labour supply and demand seen in recent years is expected to continue over the projection period. Job openings are projected to arise mainly from retirements. Workers retiring are expected to account for almost two-thirds of job openings, although having a retirement rate that is similar to the average of all occupations. Employment growth is also expected to be at par with the average for all occupations, which is in contrast with the job losses recorded over the 2009-2018 period. Over the last decade, some governments tried to restrain the growth in educational spending by increasing classroom size and cutting back on the number of teachers. Although some of the spending constrains are expected to continue over the short-term, secondary school teachers are expected to benefit from the increase in the number of young people attending secondary school (12-17 years old). In addition, technology will also impact the demand for these workers. For example, with the use of learning management systems (LMS), students can access online resources to get assistance beyond the physical reach of their teacher. For students who need to spend more time practicing a concept, online exercises can also help them work at their own pace and still keep up with their peers. The growing use of educational tablets in the K-12 schooling system (i.e. from kindergarten to 12th grade) has brought mobility to the classroom while increasing productivity and improving learning. On the other hand, technology will also complement teachers tasks. For instance, they can utilize it to access virtual expert improvement courses (most are free) and make personal learning networks (PLN) to discover resources, share thoughts, and get support from colleagues that could potentially be beyond school geographical borders.
With regard to labour supply, school leavers are projected to account for the majority of job seekers. This occupational grouping is anticipated to attract a high proportion of school leavers due to, notably, good working conditions and the desire to make a difference in youth. Moreover, only a small number of new immigrants will start working in this occupational group because a provincial teaching certificate is required. A significant number of workers are also expected to leave this occupational group over the projection period. While some will accept a promotion to become school principals and administrators of elementary and secondary education (NOC 0422), others will simply opt for new challenges in occupations such as educational counsellors (NOC 4033) or education policy researchers, consultants and program officers (NOC 4166).
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