Job prospects for Psychologists

Discover the employment prospects for your dream job across Canada, or compare different occupations.

Note that these employment prospects were published in December 2019 based on information available at that time. You can read our new special report to learn about the impact of COVID-19 on some occupations in your province or territory. You can also visit the Canadian Online Job Posting Dashboard to find the latest data on the demand and work requirements for this occupation.

Occupation

Psychologists (4151)

Location

All regions across Canada

Legend: The job opportunities can be: Undetermined Limited Fair Good

Newfoundland and LabradorFair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in Newfoundland and Labrador for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a few new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a moderate number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Newfoundland and Labrador region:

  • Approximately 250 people worked in this occupation in May 2015.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 44%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 21%
    • Elementary and secondary schools (NAICS 6111): 15%
    • Social assistance (NAICS 624): 10%
    • Universities (NAICS 6113): 6%
  • The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
    • Full-time workers: 83% compared to 84% for all occupations
    • Part-time workers: 17% compared to 16% for all occupations
  • 73% of psychologists work all year, while 27% work only part of the year, compared to 56% and 44% respectively among all occupations. Those who worked only part of the year did so for an average of 35 weeks compared to 26 weeks for all occupations.
  • 22% of psychologists are self-employed compared to an average of 6% for all occupations.
  • Regional prospects

Avalon Peninsula Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Avalon Peninsula region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a moderate number of new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Avalon Peninsula region:

  • Approximately 180 people worked in this occupation in May 2015.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 38%
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 32%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 16%
    • Social assistance (NAICS 624): 8%
    • Provincial and territorial public administration (NAICS 912): 6%
Notre Dame-Central-Bonavista Bay Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

South Coast–Burin Peninsula Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

West Coast–Northern Peninsula–Labrador Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Prince Edward IslandGood

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in Prince Edward Island for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • A moderate number of positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Psychologists in PEI typically work for either the provincial government, most often for the Departments of Health and Wellness or Education and Lifelong Learning, or in private practice. Currently, demand in both the public and private sector is outpacing the supply of available psychologists, creating long wait times for public access. Limited space availability in appropriate graduate programs and in required post-graduation work placements likely means that demand for additional psychologists will remain strong for the foreseeable future.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Prince Edward Island region:

  • Approximately 50 people worked in this occupation in May 2015.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 47%
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 27%
    • Federal government public administration (NAICS 911): 16%
  • The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
    • Full-time workers: 30% compared to 83% for all occupations
    • Part-time workers: 70% compared to 17% for all occupations
  • 60% of psychologists work all year, while 40% work only part of the year, compared to 58% and 42% respectively among all occupations.
  • 44% of psychologists are self-employed compared to an average of 11% for all occupations.

Nova ScotiaGood

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in Nova Scotia for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a moderate number of new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Nova Scotia region:

  • Approximately 600 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 49%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 18%
    • Elementary and secondary schools (NAICS 6111): 15%
    • Universities (NAICS 6113): 7%
  • The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
    • Full-time workers: 80% compared to 80% for all occupations
    • Part-time workers: 20% compared to 20% for all occupations
  • 64% of psychologists work all year, while 36% work only part of the year, compared to 62% and 38% respectively among all occupations. Those who worked only part of the year did so for an average of 38 weeks compared to 30 weeks for all occupations.
  • 27% of psychologists are self-employed compared to an average of 9% for all occupations.
  • Regional prospects

Annapolis Valley Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Annapolis Valley region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a few new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Annapolis Valley region:

  • Approximately 70 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 57%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 16%
    • Provincial and territorial public administration (NAICS 912): 15%
    • Nursing and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 12%
Cape Breton Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Cape Breton region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a few new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Cape Breton region:

  • Approximately 60 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 32%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 26%
    • Nursing and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 25%
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 18%
Halifax Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Halifax region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a moderate number of new positions.
  • A moderate number of positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Halifax region:

  • Approximately 350 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 50%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 26%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 15%
North Shore Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the North Shore region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a few new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the North Shore region:

  • Approximately 70 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 42%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 37%
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 20%
Southern Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Southern region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a few new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Southern region:

  • Approximately 60 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 52%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 48%

New BrunswickGood

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in New Brunswick for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the New Brunswick region:

  • Approximately 700 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 32%
    • Elementary and secondary schools (NAICS 6111): 16%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 12%
    • Religious, grant-making, civic, and professional and similar organizations (NAICS 813): 10%
    • Federal government public administration (NAICS 911): 10%
  • The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
    • Full-time workers: 85% compared to 83% for all occupations
    • Part-time workers: 15% compared to 17% for all occupations
  • 55% of psychologists work all year, while 45% work only part of the year, compared to 60% and 40% respectively among all occupations. Those who worked only part of the year did so for an average of 35 weeks compared to 29 weeks for all occupations.
  • 35% of psychologists are self-employed compared to an average of 8% for all occupations.
  • Regional prospects

Campbellton–Miramichi Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Campbellton - Miramichi region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Campbellton - Miramichi region:

  • Approximately 100 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 34%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 27%
    • Federal government public administration (NAICS 911): 21%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 11%
Edmundston–Woodstock Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Edmundston - Woodstock region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Edmundston - Woodstock region:

  • Approximately 20 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 44%
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 17%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 13%
    • Other services (except public administration) (NAICS 81): 11%
    • Social assistance (NAICS 624): 8%
Fredericton–Oromocto Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Fredericton - Oromocto region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Fredericton - Oromocto region:

  • Approximately 140 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 54%
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 21%
    • Professional, scientific and technical services (NAICS 54): 14%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 8%
Moncton–Richibucto Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Moncton - Richibucto region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Moncton - Richibucto region:

  • Approximately 200 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 37%
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 30%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 12%
    • Federal government public administration (NAICS 911): 10%
    • Other services (except public administration) (NAICS 81): 5%
Saint John–St. Stephen Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Saint John - St. Stephen region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Saint John - St. Stephen region:

  • Approximately 140 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 37%
    • Other services (except public administration) (NAICS 81): 19%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 17%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 13%
    • Provincial and territorial public administration (NAICS 912): 7%

QuebecGood

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in Québec for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment is expected to remain relatively stable.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in Québec:

  • Approximately 8,050 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 56%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 17%
    • Elementary and secondary schools (NAICS 6111): 11%
  • The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
    • Full-time workers: 64% compared to 80% for all occupations
    • Part-time workers: 36% compared to 20% for all occupations
  • 46% of psychologists work all year, while 54% work only part of the year, compared to 58% and 42% respectively among all occupations. Those who worked only part of the year did so for an average of 40 weeks compared to 33 weeks for all occupations.
  • 46% of psychologists are self-employed compared to an average of 12% for all occupations.
  • Regional prospects

Abitibi-Témiscamingue Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Bas-Saint-Laurent Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment is expected to remain relatively stable.
  • A moderate number of positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Bas-Saint-Laurent region:

  • Approximately 100 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 77%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 23%
Capitale-Nationale Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Capitale-Nationale region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a moderate number of new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Capitale-Nationale region:

  • Approximately 1,220 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 75%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 14%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 6%
Centre-du-Québec Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Centre-du-Québec region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment is expected to remain relatively stable.
  • A moderate number of positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Centre-du-Québec region:

  • Approximately 170 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 59%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 26%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 6%
Chaudière-Appalaches Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Côte-Nord Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Estrie Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Estrie region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment is expected to remain relatively stable.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Estrie region:

  • Approximately 380 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 68%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 21%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 7%
Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Lanaudière Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Lanaudière region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a moderate number of new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Lanaudière region:

  • Approximately 330 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 63%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 14%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 7%
    • Federal government public administration (NAICS 911): 6%
Laurentides Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Laurentides region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a moderate number of new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Laurentides region:

  • Approximately 610 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 78%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 8%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 6%
    • Federal government public administration (NAICS 911): 6%
Laval Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the census metropolitan area of Montréal, including the Laval region, for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment is expected to remain relatively stable.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the census metropolitan area of Montréal, including the Laval region:

  • Approximately 4,420 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 75%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 12%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 7%
Mauricie Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Mauricie region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment is expected to remain relatively stable.
  • Not many positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Mauricie region:

  • Approximately 300 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 67%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 11%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 8%
    • Management and Administrative Services (NAICS 55-56): 7%
Montréal Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the census metropolitan area of Montréal for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment is expected to remain relatively stable.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the census metropolitan area of Montréal:

  • Approximately 4,420 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 75%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 12%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 7%
Montérégie Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Montérégie region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to a moderate number of new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Montérégie region:

  • Approximately 1,220 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 75%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 14%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 6%
Nord-du-Québec Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Outaouais Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Outaouais region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment is expected to remain relatively stable.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Outaouais region:

  • Approximately 400 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 73%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 11%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 8%
    • Federal government public administration (NAICS 911): 7%
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Saguenay - Lac-Saint-Jean region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment is expected to remain relatively stable.
  • Not many positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Opportunities will be available to individuals who meet the requirements of the Ordre des psychologues du Québec. Membership in this professional order is mandatory to use the title of psychologist. Since 2006, the professional doctorate in psychology is the minimum requirement to become a psychologist in Quebec. Universities are no longer welcoming new master's students, except in research, as master's programs have been replaced by new professional doctoral programs.

The evolution of employment in this occupation depends on the demand for psychological services and government spending on these services. In recent years, the increase in the number of psychologists is mainly due to the growth and diversification of social services needs. Increasingly aware of the problems of violence, poverty, stress and various addictions, the population is asking for concrete interventions in the health and social services sector as well as in the school network, private practice or employee assistance programs. In the medium term, the coverage of psychological care by many insurance companies will continue to favor the interventions of psychologists in private practice, while the demand in schools and in the public health and social services network will vary according to governmental budgetary allocations.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Saguenay - Lac-Saint-Jean region:

  • Approximately 210 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 72%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 20%

OntarioFair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in Ontario for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

In Ontario, approximately half of psychologists are employed in the health care sector, mainly in their own offices. A smaller percentage is also employed directly in hospitals or offer medical and educational psychology counselling services. This occupation has a higher rate of part-time employment than all occupations in Ontario, and a large share of psychologists are self-employed.

Employment growth in this occupation is largely dependent on the demand for psychological services. An increasing awareness of mental health, recent investments in improving access to mental health and addictions treatment and prevention services, and a recent focus on youth mental health are all factors that will drive the demand for these professionals. Further, efforts to increase access to mental health services for Indigenous individuals and provide support services to survivors of residential schools and their families should lead to opportunities for psychologists who specialize in this area, and are willing to work in remote and northern communities. Finally, the province's aging population will likely support job opportunities in geriatric care due to age-related cognitive declines.

The Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP) does not cover the fees for psychological services, but services may be available free of charge through government-funded programs in hospitals, schools, or correctional facilities. Otherwise, psychological services may be partly covered by private health insurance plans or by clients paying out of pocket. There have been increases in the amount of private spending coming from insurance rather than from patients' pockets, which may signal better access to psychologists.

Both psychologists and psychotherapists are regulated and licensed professionals in Ontario. Psychologists are required to have a doctoral degree in psychology, while psychological associates must have at least a master's degree in the discipline. The required level of education for psychotherapists varies by position, but all registered psychotherapists must meet entry-to-practice competencies as outlined by their regulatory body. Employment opportunities may be better for candidates with expertise in a specific therapy type or with a certain type of patient.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Ontario region:

  • Approximately 9,500 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 55%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 12%
    • Social assistance (NAICS 624): 10%
    • Elementary and secondary schools (NAICS 6111): 9%
  • The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
    • Full-time workers: 70% compared to 79% for all occupations
    • Part-time workers: 30% compared to 21% for all occupations
  • 57% of psychologists work all year, while 43% work only part of the year, compared to 63% and 37% respectively among all occupations. Those who worked only part of the year did so for an average of 39 weeks compared to 31 weeks for all occupations.
  • 44% of psychologists are self-employed compared to an average of 12% for all occupations.
  • Regional prospects

Hamilton–Niagara Peninsula Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Hamilton - Niagara Peninsula region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Hamilton - Niagara Peninsula region:

  • Approximately 810 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 75%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 17%
Kingston–Pembroke Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Kingston - Pembroke region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Kingston - Pembroke region:

  • Approximately 340 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 60%
    • Federal government public administration (NAICS 911): 14%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 11%
    • Professional, scientific and technical services (NAICS 54): 5%
Kitchener–Waterloo–Barrie Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Kitchener - Waterloo - Barrie region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Kitchener - Waterloo - Barrie region:

  • Approximately 910 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 62%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 16%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 13%
London Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the London region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the London region:

  • Approximately 480 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 59%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 23%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 13%
Muskoka–Kawarthas Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Muskoka - Kawarthas region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Muskoka - Kawarthas region:

  • Approximately 180 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 58%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 21%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 14%
    • Federal government public administration (NAICS 911): 7%
Northeast Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Northeast region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • A moderate number of positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Northeast region:

  • Approximately 210 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 66%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 23%
Northwest Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Ottawa Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Ottawa region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Ottawa region:

  • Approximately 1,500 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 68%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 10%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 9%
    • Federal government public administration (NAICS 911): 8%
Stratford–Bruce Peninsula Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Toronto Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Toronto region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

This region has a large number of schools and other health care facilities, including hospitals and psychologists' clinics, which will help support favourable job opportunities for these professionals.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Toronto region:

  • Approximately 4,630 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 73%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 11%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 10%
Windsor-Sarnia Region Fair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Windsor - Sarnia region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Not many positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Windsor - Sarnia region:

  • Approximately 240 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 67%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 17%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 16%

ManitobaGood

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in Manitoba for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Manitoba region:

  • Approximately 500 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 26%
    • Elementary and secondary schools (NAICS 6111): 23%
    • Provincial and territorial public administration (NAICS 912): 11%
    • Universities (NAICS 6113): 9%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 9%
  • The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
    • Full-time workers: 76% compared to 79% for all occupations
    • Part-time workers: 24% compared to 21% for all occupations
  • 63% of psychologists work all year, while 37% work only part of the year, compared to 64% and 36% respectively among all occupations. Those who worked only part of the year did so for an average of 33 weeks compared to 31 weeks for all occupations.
  • 34% of psychologists are self-employed compared to an average of 10% for all occupations.
  • Regional prospects

Interlake Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

North Central Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

North Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Parklands Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

South Central Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Southeast Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Southwest Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Winnipeg Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Winnipeg region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Winnipeg region:

  • Approximately 460 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 45%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 26%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 9%
    • Provincial and territorial public administration (NAICS 912): 6%
    • Professional, scientific and technical services (NAICS 54): 6%

SaskatchewanGood

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in Saskatchewan for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Saskatchewan region:

  • Approximately 500 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 35%
    • Elementary and secondary schools (NAICS 6111): 22%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 16%
    • Other schools and instruction (NAICS 6115-6117): 5%
    • Social assistance (NAICS 624): 5%
  • The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
    • Full-time workers: 77% compared to 81% for all occupations
    • Part-time workers: 23% compared to 19% for all occupations
  • 59% of psychologists work all year, while 41% work only part of the year, compared to 62% and 38% respectively among all occupations. Those who worked only part of the year did so for an average of 36 weeks compared to 32 weeks for all occupations.
  • 31% of psychologists are self-employed compared to an average of 14% for all occupations.
  • Regional prospects

Northern Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Prince Albert Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Regina–Moose Mountain Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Regina - Moose Mountain region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Regina - Moose Mountain region:

  • Approximately 230 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 69%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 23%
Saskatoon–Biggar Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Saskatoon - Biggar region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Saskatoon - Biggar region:

  • Approximately 180 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 64%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 21%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 6%
Swift Current–Moose Jaw Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Yorkton–Melville Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

AlbertaFair

The employment outlook will be fair for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in Alberta for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment is expected to remain relatively stable.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Alberta region:

  • Approximately 2,900 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 58%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 13%
    • Elementary and secondary schools (NAICS 6111): 9%
    • Social assistance (NAICS 624): 7%
  • The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
    • Full-time workers: 77% compared to 81% for all occupations
    • Part-time workers: 23% compared to 19% for all occupations
  • 59% of psychologists work all year, while 41% work only part of the year, compared to 59% and 41% respectively among all occupations. Those who worked only part of the year did so for an average of 37 weeks compared to 32 weeks for all occupations.
  • 34% of psychologists are self-employed compared to an average of 12% for all occupations.
  • Regional prospects

Athabasca–Grande Prairie–Peace River Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Athabasca - Grande Prairie - Peace River region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Athabasca - Grande Prairie - Peace River region:

  • Approximately 100 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 67%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 16%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 13%
Banff–Jasper–Rocky Mountain House Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Banff - Jasper - Rocky Mountain House region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Banff - Jasper - Rocky Mountain House region:

  • Approximately 100 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 67%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 16%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 13%
Calgary Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Calgary region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Calgary region:

  • Approximately 1,320 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 70%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 16%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 11%
Camrose–Drumheller Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Edmonton Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Edmonton region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Edmonton region:

  • Approximately 1,090 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 80%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 7%
Lethbridge–Medicine Hat Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Lethbridge - Medicine Hat region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Lethbridge - Medicine Hat region:

  • Approximately 130 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 49%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 18%
    • Federal government public administration (NAICS 911): 10%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 10%
    • Other services (except public administration) (NAICS 81): 7%
Red Deer Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Red Deer region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Red Deer region:

  • Approximately 130 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 93%
    • Provincial and territorial public administration (NAICS 912): 7%
Wood Buffalo–Cold Lake Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

British ColumbiaGood

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in British Columbia for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • A moderate number of positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the British Columbia region:

  • Approximately 2,750 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services (NAICS 621): 48%
    • Social assistance (NAICS 624): 16%
    • Elementary and secondary schools (NAICS 6111): 12%
    • Hospitals (NAICS 622): 6%
  • The distribution of full-time and part-time workers in this occupation is:
    • Full-time workers: 65% compared to 77% for all occupations
    • Part-time workers: 35% compared to 23% for all occupations
  • 49% of psychologists work all year, while 51% work only part of the year, compared to 57% and 43% respectively among all occupations. Those who worked only part of the year did so for an average of 38 weeks compared to 32 weeks for all occupations.
  • 46% of psychologists are self-employed compared to an average of 14% for all occupations.
  • Regional prospects

Cariboo Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Kootenay Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Lower Mainland–Southwest Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Lower Mainland - Southwest region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • A moderate number of positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Lower Mainland - Southwest region:

  • Approximately 1,870 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 58%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 20%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 14%
Nechako Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

North Coast Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Northeast Region Undetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Thompson–Okanagan Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Thompson - Okanagan region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Thompson - Okanagan region:

  • Approximately 160 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 50%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 24%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 15%
    • Provincial and territorial public administration (NAICS 912): 5%
Vancouver Island and Coast Region Good

The employment outlook will be good for Psychologists (NOC 4151) in the Vancouver Island and Coast region for the 2019-2021 period.

The following factors contributed to this outlook:

  • Employment growth will lead to several new positions.
  • Several positions will become available due to retirements.
  • There are a small number of unemployed workers with recent experience in this occupation.

Here are some key facts about Psychologists in the Vancouver Island and Coast region:

  • Approximately 570 people work in this occupation.
  • Psychologists mainly work in the following sectors:
    • Ambulatory health care services and hospitals (NAICS 621-622): 49%
    • Nursing and residential care facilities and social assistance (NAICS 623-624): 28%
    • Educational services (NAICS 61): 10%
    • Provincial and territorial public administration (NAICS 912): 6%

Yukon TerritoryUndetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

Northwest TerritoriesUndetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

NunavutUndetermined

An employment outlook has not been assigned to this occupation in this region due to low levels of employment.

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