Job outlook Natural Sciences Professor - University in Canada

People working as a natural sciences professor - university have different job prospects depending on where they work in Canada. Find out what the future holds for them in your province or territory. These outlooks are applicable to all University professors and lecturers (NOC 4011).

Job opportunities over the next 3 years

Explore future job prospects by province and territory.

Location Job outlook
Newfoundland and Labrador Fair
Prince Edward Island Good
Nova Scotia Fair
New Brunswick Fair
Quebec Good
Ontario Good
Manitoba Good
Saskatchewan Good
Alberta Good
British Columbia Good
Yukon Territory Undetermined
Northwest Territories Undetermined
Nunavut Undetermined
Legend: The job opportunities can be: Undetermined Limited Fair Good

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Labour market conditions over the next 10 years

Take a closer look at the projected labour demand and supply for this occupation over the 2017-2026 period. For more information on future job trends, go to the Canadian Occupational Projections System.


BALANCE: Labour demand and labour supply are expected to be broadly in line for this occupation group over the 2017-2026 period at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Employment in 2016
Median age of workers in 2016
Average retirement age in 2016

Detailed analysis

In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2017-2026) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2017-2026. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.

Over the 2014-2016 period, employment in this occupational group slightly decreased. However, the unemployment rate went also down to 4.0% in 2016, which is below the national average of 7.0%. The growth in the average hourly wage increased at a somewhat faster pace than the average for all occupations. Hence, analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was sufficient to fill the job openings in this occupational group.

For University professors and lecturers, over the period 2017-2026, new job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 30,200, while 30,500 new job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill them.

As job openings and job seekers are projected to be at relatively similar levels over the 2017-2026 period, the balance between labour supply and demand seen in recent years is expected to continue over the projection period. Job openings are projected to arise mainly from retirements. Retirements are expected to account for more than two-thirds of job openings, as the retirement rate will be higher than the average for all occupations. This high retirement rate is attributable to the fact that university professors and lecturers are on average much older than workers in other occupations. Employment growth due to economic expansion is expected to be similar to that in other occupations and should account for slightly more than one fifth of all available jobs in this occupational grouping. Over the projection period, Canadian universities will need to deal with a decline in the number of young people aged 18 to 24 years old. Fortunately, the expected increase in the enrolment rate of university students will help sustain some demand growth. Hence, job creation is anticipated to be more modest than the increases recorded over the 2007-2016 period. With regard to labour supply, school leavers are projected to account for the majority of job seekers. Canadian universities, when hiring, are looking for candidates with different skills, experience and knowledge. As this background diversity is usually obtained by hiring candidates from different universities around the world, an important share of immigrants is expected to find employment in this group. Finally, some workers will leave this occupational grouping looking for new challenges, career opportunities or even better wages.

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