Job prospects Welder in Canada
People working as a welder have different job prospects depending on where they work in Canada. Find out what the future holds for them in your province or territory. These prospects are applicable to all Welders and related machine operators (NOC 7237).
Note: These employment prospects were published in December 2021 based on the information available at the time of analysis. The next update will be in December 2022. To learn more, see our FAQs. You can also find additional information on the Canadian Online Job Posting Dashboard.
Job opportunities over the next 3 years
Explore future job prospects by province and territory.
|Newfoundland and Labrador||Limited Limited|
|Prince Edward Island||Fair Fair|
|Nova Scotia||Fair Fair|
|New Brunswick||Fair Fair|
|British Columbia||Fair Fair|
|Yukon Territory||Fair Fair|
|Northwest Territories||Good Good|
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Labour market conditions over the next 10 years
Take a closer look at the projected labour demand and supply for this occupation over the 2019-2028 period. For more information on future job trends, go to the Canadian Occupational Projections System.
SHORTAGE: This occupational group is expected to face labour shortage conditions over the period of 2019-2028 at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Employment in 2018
Median age of workers in 2018
Average retirement age in 2018
In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2019-2028) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2019-2028. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.
Over the 2016-2018 period, employment in this occupational group declined. However, these job losses seem to be a result of lack of labour. In fact, the number of jobless workers declined substantially, by more than half, leading to a decline in the occupation's unemployment rate to reach a near historical low of 7.5% in 2018. In addition, demand has increased, as evidenced by the surge of unfilled vacancies, which almost doubled since 2016. Indeed, the job vacancy rate (number of job vacancies as a proportion of the total demand, that is, job vacancies plus employment) is significantly higher than the average for all occupations. Finally, all this resulted in having a substantially lower number of unemployed workers to fill vacancies. Hence, analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job openings exceeded substantially the number of job seekers in this occupational group over the 2016-2018 period.
For Welders and related machine operators, over the period 2019-2028, new job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 23,200 , while 25,100 new job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill them.
As job openings and job seekers are projected to be relatively similar over the 2019-2028 period, the labour shortage conditions seen in recent years are expected to continue over the projection period. Employment growth and retirements are projected to account for most of the job openings over the projection period. Employment growth is expected to be below the average growth for all occupations, accounting for only about 16% of all new job openings in the occupation. Growth in this occupational group is strongly dependent on the economic activity in the construction and some manufacturing industries. Workers that are employed by the construction industry can expect less robust non-residential investment than in the past, particularly in the energy sectors. On the positive side, workers could benefit from the federal government's infrastructure program ($186 billion over 12 years), which is expected to support the construction of public engineering structures and institutional buildings, which includes investment on transportation and public transit systems. For those in the manufacturing industry, a return to growth will create new opportunities in this occupation. The Canadian dollar is expected to remain competitive over the next few years, keeping foreign demand for fabricated metal products strong. Capacity constraints of Canadian manufacturers are expected to lead to a growing need to invest in machinery and equipment over the next 10 years, and this will continue to support demand for fabricated metal products. Additionally, ageing infrastructure will drive the need for maintenance and/or replacement demand of older facilities. Retirements are expected to represent about two-thirds of these job openings, a proportion that is higher than that for other occupations (about 59% of job openings). Workers in this occupational group are generally younger than the average and tend to retire at a later age than those in other occupations, resulting in a retirement rate that is substantially below the average rate for all occupations.
With regard to labour supply, most of the job seekers are expected to come from the school system over the projection period, largely from apprenticeship programs. New immigrants are also expected to account for a large number of new job seekers. However, a sizeable number of workers, representing almost half of job seekers, are projected to look for newer opportunities in other occupations, for example as contractors and supervisors in machining, metal forming, shaping and erecting trades and related occupations, or as equipment operators.
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