Job prospects Mechanical Engineer in Canada
People working as a mechanical engineer have different job prospects depending on where they work in Canada. Find out what the future holds for them in your province or territory. These prospects are applicable to all Mechanical engineers (NOC 2132).
Note: These employment prospects were published in December 2021 based on the information available at the time of analysis. The next update will be in December 2022. To learn more, see our FAQs. You can also find additional information on the Canadian Online Job Posting Dashboard.
Job opportunities over the next 3 years
Explore future job prospects by province and territory.
|Newfoundland and Labrador||Fair Fair|
|Prince Edward Island||Good Good|
|Nova Scotia||Fair Fair|
|New Brunswick||Fair Fair|
|British Columbia||Fair Fair|
|Yukon Territory||Undetermined Undetermined|
|Northwest Territories||Undetermined Undetermined|
To view this data on a map, go to: LMI Explore
Labour market conditions over the next 10 years
Take a closer look at the projected labour demand and supply for this occupation over the 2019-2028 period. For more information on future job trends, go to the Canadian Occupational Projections System.
SHORTAGE: This occupational group is expected to face labour shortage conditions over the period of 2019-2028 at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Employment in 2018
Median age of workers in 2018
Average retirement age in 2018
In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2019-2028) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2019-2028. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.
Employment in this occupational group grew at a similar rate than the rest of occupations over the 2016-2018 period. Although the unemployment rate in this occupation has been historically low, it reached a level in 2016 that was only seen during the big recession in the early 1990s. However, the unemployment rate fell substantially thereafter, reaching a level that was below the national average in 2018. The number of job vacancies increased at the same time as the decrease in unemployment, resulting in a large decrease in the number of unemployed workers per job vacancy. Hence, the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job openings exceeded substantially the number of job seekers in this occupational group over the 2016-2018 period.
For Mechanical engineers, over the period 2019-2028, new job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 11,300 , while 13,200 new job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill them.
As job openings and job seekers are projected to be relatively similar over the 2019-2028 period, the labour shortage conditions seen in recent years are expected to continue over the projection period. The majority of job openings are projected to arise from employment growth and retirements. The retirement rate is expected to be similar to the average of all occupations as these workers tend to have a similar age structure to that of all occupations and tend to retire at a similar age. Thus, retirements will represent about 57% of total job openings, a proportion that is comparable to the average of all occupations (about 59% of openings). Employment is projected to continue growing at a rate similar to the average of all occupations. Job creation in this occupation is closely related to the trends affecting the manufacturing sector, especially in fabricated metal product and machinery, as well as motor vehicles, body, trailer and parts manufacturing industries. Anticipated renewed growth in these sectors due to greater economic growth in the United States is expected to boost the demand for mechanical engineers over the projection period. With regard to labour supply, the majority of job seekers are expected to come directly from the school system. Given the increased enrolment in post-secondary programs, the number of school leavers is expected to rise in comparison to what was seen over the 2009-2018 period. Immigrants are also expected to be a major source of labour supply in this occupation. This is largely because foreigners in this occupational group coming from countries with a free trade agreement with Canada might be eligible to work in Canada, simplifying their entry and permanency in the country. A significant number of workers will seek opportunities in other related professions, such as other engineering occupations and management. Thus, the number of job seekers will be roughly equal to the number of job openings over the projection period, which means the shortage conditions seen in recent years are projected to persist.
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