Job outlook Dentist in Canada

People working as a dentist have different job prospects depending on where they work in Canada. Find out what the future holds for them in your province or territory. These outlooks are applicable to all Dentists (NOC 3113). Learn more about dentist

Job opportunities over the next 3 years

Explore future job prospects by province and territory.

Legend: The job opportunities can be
Undetermined Undetermined Good Good Fair Fair Limited Limited
Location Job outlook
Newfoundland and Labrador Good Good
Prince Edward Island Good Good
Nova Scotia Fair Fair
New Brunswick Good Good
Quebec Good Good
Ontario Good Good
Manitoba Good Good
Saskatchewan Good Good
Alberta Good Good
British Columbia Good Good
Yukon Territory Undetermined Undetermined
Northwest Territories Undetermined Undetermined
Nunavut Undetermined Undetermined

You can also look at this data on a map. Go to LMI Explore

Labour market conditions over the next 10 years

Take a closer look at the projected labour demand and supply for this occupation over the 2017-2026 period. For more information on future job trends, go to the Canadian Occupational Projections System.


SHORTAGE: This occupational group is expected to face labour shortage conditions over the period of 2017-2026 at the national level. The section below contains more detailed information regarding the outlook for this occupational group.
Employment in 2016
Median age of workers in 2016
Average retirement age in 2016

Detailed analysis

In order to determine the expected outlook of an occupation, the magnitude of the difference between the projected total numbers of new job seekers and job openings over the whole projection period (2017-2026) is analyzed in conjunction with an assessment of labour market conditions in recent years. The intention is to determine if recent labour market conditions (surplus, balance or shortage) are expected to persist or change over the period 2017-2026. For instance, if the analysis of key labour market indicators suggests that the number of job seekers was insufficient to fill the job openings (a shortage of workers) in an occupational group in recent years, the projections are used to assess if this situation will continue over the projection period or if the occupation will move towards balanced conditions.

Over the 2014-2016 period, employment growth in this occupational group was above the average for all occupations. However, the employment level remained below the peak reached in 2012. Similarly, the average hourly wage grew at a higher pace than the average for all occupations. The unemployment rate increased to reach 3.3% in 2016, a rate well above its long-term trend. Almost all workers are self-employed in this occupational grouping, which explains this low jobless rate. The mixed signals of key labour market indicators required the analysis of additional indicators, which suggested that the number of job seekers was sufficient to fill the job openings in this occupational group over the 2014-2016 period.

For Dentists, over the period 2017-2026, new job openings (arising from expansion demand and replacement demand) are expected to total 8,500, while 7,400 new job seekers (arising from school leavers, immigration and mobility) are expected to be available to fill them.

Although this occupational group has had balanced market in recent years, projected job openings are expected to be substantially higher than job seekers, creating a shortage of workers over the 2017-2026 period. Job openings will result primarily from retirements. The retirement rate is expected to be similar to the average for all occupations. Even though these workers tend to be older than the average, they also tend to retire at a later age. Expansion demand is projected to explain more than one-quarter of the total job openings, as employment growth is projected to be similar to the average for all occupational groups. Population growth and the increasing awareness of oral health problems are expected to lead to an increased demand for dental care over the next decade. However, this increase is expected to be slowed down by the fact that retirees are less likely to be covered by dental insurance plans. In addition, the creation of dental hygienists clinics that can operate without the presence of a dentist is also anticipated to limit employment growth in this occupational group. With regard to labour supply, school leavers are projected to represent the vast majority of job seekers. There will be a limited number of immigrants and of workers from other occupations seeking jobs in this occupation. This is expected to result in a shortage of job seekers to fill all available job openings over the projection period. In order to prevent a shortage over the projection period, a substantial increase in the number of school leavers would be needed, which is unlikely in the short run due to the quotas set for dentistry programs and the number of years of education required to train dentists.

What percentage of people in this occupation are self-employed?

According to the Labour Force Survey (2015), in Canada, 86% of workers in this occupation were self-employed, while the average for all occupations was 14%.

What proportion of people in this occupation work full-time?

According to the Labour Force Survey (2015), in Canada, 70% of workers in this occupation worked full-time, compared to the average of 81% for all occupations.

What is the proportion of women working in this occupation?

According to the National Household Survey (2011), in Canada, women represented 35% of workers in this occupation compared to the average of 48% for all occupations.

What percentage of people in this occupation are members of a union?

This occupation (Dentists) is part of a larger group called Physicians, dentists and veterinarians (NOC 311). According to the Labour Force Survey (2015), in Canada, the unionization rate for this group was 44%, while the unionization rate for all occupations was 31%.

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